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Leiocephalus personatus (COPE, 1863)

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Higher TaxaLeiocephalidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesLeiocephalus personatus personatus COPE 1863
Leiocephalus personatus actites SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus personatus agraulus SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus personatus budeni SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus personatus elattoprosopon GALI, SCHWARTZ, & SUAREZ 1988
Leiocephalus personatus mentalis COCHRAN 1932
Leiocephalus personatus poikilometes SCHWARTZ 1969
Leiocephalus personatus pyrrholaemus SCHWARTZ 1971
Leiocephalus personatus scalaris COCHRAN 1932
Leiocephalus personatus socoensis GALI & SCHWARTZ 1982
Leiocephalus personatus tarachodes SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus personatus trujilloensis MERTENS 1939 
Common NamesE: Haitian Curlytail Lizard
G: Bunter Maskenleguan 
SynonymLiocephalus [sic] personatus COPE 1863:182
Liocephalus (sic) trigeminatus COPE 1863: 183
Liocephalus personatus — BOULENGER 1885: 164
Leiocephalus personatus — COCHRAN 1932 (part)
Leiocephalus personatus personatus — BARBOUR 1935: 120
Leiocephalus personatus — SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus personatus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 440
Leiocephalus personatus — REIPRICH 2009
Leiocephalus personatus personatus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Leiocephalus personatus actites SCHWARTZ, 1967
Leiocephalus personatus actites — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Leiocephalus personatus agraulus SCHWARTZ, 1967
Leiocephalus personatus agraulus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Leiocephalus personatus budeni SCHWARTZ, 1967
Leiocephalus personatus budeni — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Leiocephalus personatus elattoprosopon GALI, SCHWARTZ, & SUAREZ, 1988
Leiocephalus personatus elattoprosopon — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 441

Leiocephalus personatus mentalis COCHRAN, 1932
Leiocephalus personatus mentalis — MERTENS 1939: 49
Leiocephalus personatus mentalis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Leiocephalus personatus poikilometes SCHWARTZ, 1969
Leiocephalus personatus poikilometes — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Leiocephalus personatus pyrrholaemus SCHWARTZ, 1971: 178
Leiocephalus personatus pyrrholaemus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Leiocephalus personatus scalaris COCHRAN, 1932
Leiocephalus personatus scalaris COCHRAN 1932: 181
Leiocephalus personatus pulcherrimus MERTENS 1939: 50
Leiocephalus personatus scalaris — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Leiocephalus personatus socoensis GALI & SCHWARTZ, 1982: 177
Leiocephalus personatus socoensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Leiocephalus personatus tarachodes SCHWARTZ, 1967: 11
Leiocephalus personatus tarachodes — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Leiocephalus personatus trujilloensis MERTENS 1939
Leiocephalus personatus trujilloensis MERTENS 1939: 45
Leiocephalus personatus trujilloensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti, Dominican Republic)

personatus: north shore of Tiburon Peninsula in Haiti. elevation 0 - 1850 ft.; Type locality: Near Jérémie, Département de la Grand'Anse, Haiti.

actites: República Dominicana, north coast.

agraulus: República Dominicana, Cordillera Central. Elevation 1950 ft. to 4000 ft.

budeni: República Dominicana, north-central Cordillera Central. Elevation 2000 ft.

elattoprosopon: Haiti, southern shore of Tiburon Peninsula; presumably also Grosse Caye.

mentalis: República Dominicana, extreme northeast. Elevation near sea level.

poikilometes: República Dominicana, northern range of Sierra de Neiba and floor of Valle de San Juan. Elevation 1400 ft. to 2050 ft.

pyrrholaemus: República Dominicana, Peninsula de Samanâ.

scalaris: Haiti, north coast, into Reptîblica Dominicana to B~inica and Santiago; inland in Haiti to Cerca-la-Source; Cayos Siete Hermanos: Isla Cabras; intergrades with L. p. tarachodes in Espaillat, Salcedo, and La Vega provinces.

socoensis: República Dominicana, southeastern coast between Rio Cumana yasa and Rio Soco, perhaps as far east as San Pedro de Macoris.

tarachodes: República Dominicana, northeast coast south to Hato Mayor.

trujilloensis: República Dominicana, from Peravia and San Cristôbal provinces, east to Rio Ozama, and into interior in San Cristóbal Province and Distrito Nacional.

INCERTAE SEDIS: Specimens from the city of San Cristobal are unassigned subspecifically; a questionable specimen from St-Marc, Haiti. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: Formerly in MCZ, now lost.
Holotype: SMF 25757 [pulcherrimus]
Holotype: MCZ 81088 [actites]
Holotype: MCZ 81090 [agraulus]
Holotype: MCZ 81089 [budeni]
Holotype: USNM 197370 [elattoprosopon]
Holotype: USNM 65772 [mentalis]
Holotype: USNM 165935 [poikilometes]
Holotype: CM 52287 [pyrrholaemus]
Holotype: USNM 74054 [scalaris]
Holotype: USNM 197371 [socoensis]
Holotype: MCZ 81087 [tarachodes]
Holotype: SMF 26213 [trujilloensis] 
CommentFor illustrations see Mertens, 1939; Mertens, 1940; Cochran, 1941; Schwartz, 1967.

Synonymy: mostly after Pregill 1992. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D. M. 1934. A new lizard, Leiocephalus personatus lunatus, from the Dominican Republic. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 153-156. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Cochran, Doris M. 1932. Two new subspecies of lizards of the genus Leiocephalus from Hispaniola. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 45: 177-182 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Contributions to Neotropical saurology. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 176-188. - get paper here
  • Gali, F. & Schwartz, A. 1982. A new subspecies of Leiocephalus personatus from the República Dominicana. Journal of Herpetology 16 (2): 177-179
  • Gali, F., A. Schwartz, and A. Suarez. 1988. A new subspecies of Leiocephalus personatus (Sauria: Iguanidae) from Haiti. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 101(1): 1-3
  • Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel Hispaniola, Westindien. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 449: 1-84.
  • Mertens, R. 1940. Zoologische Reisen auf der Insel Hispaniola (from Tierleben der Tropen). Verlag Dr. Waldemar Kramer, Frankfurt am Main, 155-241.
  • Pregill,G.K. 1992. Systematics of the West Indian Lizard Genus Leiocephalus (Squamata: Iguania: Tropiduridae). Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 84: 1-69 - get paper here
  • Reiprich, W. 2009. Terrarien, Leguane und Co. Iguana Rundschreiben 22 (2): 5-15
  • Schwartz, A. 1969. Two New Subspecies of Leiocephalus from Hispaniola J. Herpetol. 3 (1-2): 79-85 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, Albert 1971. A new subspecies of Leiocephalus personatus (Sauria, Iguanidae). Herpetologica 27 (2):176-182 - get paper here
  • Schwartz,A. 1967. The Leiocephalus (Lacertilia: Iguanidae) of Hispaniola. II. The Leiocephalus personatus complex. Tulane Studies in Zoology 14: 1-53 - get paper here
  • Spycher, J. 1984. Zur Haltung des Maskenleguans - Leiocephalus personatus. Sauria 6 (1): 29-30 - get paper here
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