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Lepidochelys olivacea (ESCHSCHOLTZ, 1829)

IUCN Red List - Lepidochelys olivacea - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaCheloniidae (Carettinae), Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Pacific Ridley; Olive Ridley Sea Turtle
G: Oliv-Bastardschildkröte 
SynonymChelonia olivacea ESCHSCHOLTZ 1829: 3
Caretta olivacea — RÜPPELL 1835: 7
Chelonia dussumierii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 557
Chelonia subcarinata RÜPPELL in GRAY 1844 (nomen nudum)
Caouana rüppelli GRAY 1844 (nomen nudum)
Caouana olivacea — GRAY 1844: 53
Caouana dessumierii SMITH 1849 (ex errore)
Lepidochelys dussumierii — GIRARD 1858: 437
Lepidochelys olivacea — GIRARD 1858: 435
Thalssochelys olivacea — STRAUCH 1862: 63
Caouana olivacea — GÜNTHER 1864: 52
Caretta olivacea — STEJNEGER 1907: 507
Caretta olivacea — GARMAN 1908: 8
Caretta remivaga HAY 1908
Caretta caretta olivacea — SMITH 1931
Lepidochelys olivacea olivacea— MERTENS & WERMUTH 1955
Lepidochelys olivacea — STEBBINS 1985: 106
Lepidochelys olivacea — LINER 1994
Lepidochelys olivacea — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 229
Lepidochelys olivacea — COGGER 2000: 183
Lepidochelys olivacea — BONIN et al 2006 
DistributionPacific and Indian oceans, Atlantic Ocean, Micronesia,
Arabia south to S Africa; Israel, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Iran

Africa, e.g. Gabon; Mauritania, Principé and São Tomé (Gulf of Guinea), Gambia, Cameroon, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Somalia, Madagascar, Eritrea, Namibia

Australia (North Territory, Queensland, West Australia),
Solomon Islands [McCoy 2000], Fiji

Asia: Vietnam, Japan, India, Seychelles, Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands

In the eastern Pacific it is found from the Galapagos northward to the USA (Alaska, California, Oregon ?, Washington);

Central America: SE Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama

Caribbean: Cuba, Puerto Rico.

South America: coasts of N Brazil, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Uruguay

acording to the 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals:
EC/SE/SW/WC Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean,
EC-SE-SW-WC Pacific Ocean, Angola, Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Costa Rica, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar (= Burma), Nicaragua, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Senegal, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and
Tobago, Venezuela

Type locality: Manila Bay, Philippines (fide COGGER 1983). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesType: unknown but possibly in the Museum of Tartu (formerly Dorpat), Estonia, fide SMITH & SMITH 1979. 
CommentHabitat: marine.

Conservation status: vulnerable

Reproduction: oviparous. This species exhibits temperature-dependant sex determination (TSD).

Reproduction: oviparous. 
References
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