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Lepidophyma lowei BEZY & CAMARILLO, 1997

IUCN Red List - Lepidophyma lowei - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Lowe’s Tropical Night Lizard
S: Lagartija Nocturna de Lowe. 
SynonymLepidophyma lowei BEZY & CAMARILLO 1997
Lepidophyma lowei— BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002
Lepidophyma lowei — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015 
DistributionMexico (Oaxaca)

Type locality: ‘‘4.0 km (by rd) SE San Bartolome´ Zoogocho, Municipio Zoogocho, former Distrito Villa Alta, Oaxaca, México (178149N, 968159W; ca. 2200 m elevation).’’  
ReproductionViviparous [HR 30: 97]. 
TypesHolotype: CNAR (= IBH) 7500, paratypes: ENCB 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS). The species differs from all other Lepidophyma except L. dontomasi and L. radula in having enlarged caudal whorls that are separated dorsally by 2 rows of interwhorls, only one of which is complete ventrally; from all except L. dontomasi, L. gaigeae, L. radula, L. tuxtlae, and L. pajapanense in having 37 or fewer gulars; from L. dontomasi, L. gaigeae, and L. radula in having 158 or more dorsals; and from L. tuxtlae, L. pajapanense, L. mayae, L. chicoasense, L. lipetzi, L. flavimaculatum, L. reticulatum, and L. micropholis in having 7 or fewer divided fourth toe lamellae (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002).
 
CommentLepidophyma lowei is found in rock-crevices and resembles L. gaigeae, L. dontomasi, and L. radula in its small body size and weakly differentiated tubercular scales, but differs in aspects of caudal scalation and in number of dorsal scales.

Max. SVL: 60 mm.

Habitat/Ecomorph: rock-crevice

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after Charles H. Lowe, a herpetologist at the University of Arizona. 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bezy R L. and Camarillo R J L. 1997. A new species of Lepidophyma (Sauria: Xantusiidae) from Oaxaca, Mexico. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles (465): 1-8. - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. & Camarillo, J.L. 2002. SYSTEMATICS OF XANTUSIID LIZARDS OF THE GENUS LEPIDOPHYMA. Contributions in Science (493): 1–41 - get paper here
  • Campos-Rodríguez, José Ismael; López-Vidal, Juan Carlos 2007. Annotated checklist of type specimens in the herpetological collection of the Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, I.P.N., Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 52 (2): 323-326 - get paper here
  • CANSECO-MARQUEZ, LUIS; GUADALUPE GUTIIEREZ-MAYEN & ANDRES ALBERTO MENDOZA-HERNANDEZ 2008. A new species of night-lizard of the genus Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from the Cuicatlan Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico. Zootaxa 1750: 59-67 - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Noonan, Brice P.; Jennifer B. Pramuk, Robert L. Bezy, Elizabeth A. Sinclair, Kevin de Queiroz, Jack W. Sites Jr. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships within the lizard clade Xantusiidae: Using trees and divergence times to address evolutionary questions at multiple levels. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 69, Issue 1, October 2013, Pages 109–122 - get paper here
 
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