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Lepidophyma occulor SMITH, 1942

IUCN Red List - Lepidophyma occulor - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Japlan Tropical Night Lizard
S: Lagartija Nocturna de Jalpan 
SynonymLepidophyma smithii occulor SMITH 1942: 378
Lepidophyma smithii occulor — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 153
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum occulor — SAVAGE 1963
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum occulor — WERMUTH 1965
Lepidophyma occulor — CAMMARILLO 1993
Lepidophyma occulor — LINER 1994
Lepidophyma occulor— BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002
Lepidophyma occulor — JOHNSON et al. 2017 
DistributionMexico (San Luis Potosi, Hidalgo, Tamaulipas, Querétaro, Guanajuato)

Type locality: Jalpan, Querétaro.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 47133 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS). The species differs from all other Lepidophyma except L. smithii and L. micropholis in having 58 or more gulars; from all except L. radula, L. smithii, L. lineri, L. tarascae, L. flavimaculatum, and L. sylvaticum in having 25 or fewer lateral tubercle rows; and from L. smithii in having 22 or more lateral tubercle rows (99%; Table 1) and in having a pale parietal spot throughout life. Lepidophyma occulor is most similar to L. smithii, from which it differs in karyotype and in the presence of a parietal spot (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002).
 
CommentMax. SVL: 105 mm. 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin “occulor” (= “one who hides”) and refers to the secretive or reclusive behavior of the members of the genus. 
References
  • Bezy,R.L. & Camarillo, J.L. 2002. SYSTEMATICS OF XANTUSIID LIZARDS OF THE GENUS LEPIDOPHYMA. Contributions in Science (493): 1–41 - get paper here
  • Camarillo R., Jose L. 1993. Lepidophyma occulor (Jalpan tropical night lizard). Mexico: San Luis Potosi. Herpetological Review 24 (3): 109 - get paper here
  • Cammarillo R J L. 1993. Lepidophyma occulor (Jalpan Tropical Night Lizard). Herpetological Review 24 (3): 109 - get paper here
  • Campos-Rodríguez, J. I. B. Pérez-Valera, L. E. Evaristo-Aguilar and Raúl Hernández-Arciga. 2009. Extensiones de distribución de reptiles para el estado de Guanajuato, México. Vertebrata Mexicana 22:13-16
  • Campos-Rodríguez, J. I., L. Chambert, M. del Carmen Díaz, R. Hernández-Arciga y F. Mendoza-Quijano 2004. Geographic Distribution: Lepidophyma occulor. Herpetological Review 35: 288-289 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo; Norma Leticia Manríquez-Morán; Jesús Martín Castillo-Cerón & Irene Goyenechea 2016. Análisis herpetofaunístico de la zona árida del estado de Hidalgo. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 156–170 - get paper here
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620
  • Lara-Tufiño, Daniel, Aurelio Ramírez-Bautista and Raciel Cruz-Elizalde. 2015. Lepidophyma occulor Smith, 1942. Maximum Size. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 110–111 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Manuel, J., Salinas, O., Castillo-cerón, J. M., Manríquez-morán, N., Goyenechea, I., & Casagranda, M. D. 2019. Endemism of lizards in the Chihuahuan Desert province: An approach based on endemicity analysis. Journal of Arid Environments - get paper here
  • Savage, J. M. 1963. 'Studies on the Lizard Family Xantusiidae IV. The Genera. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum (71): 1 - 38 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart 1942. Mexican herpetological miscellany. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 92 (3153): 349-395 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Valencia, J. H., K. Garzón-Tello & M. E. Barragán-Paladines 2016. Serpientes venenosas del Ecuador: sistemática, taxonomía, historia natural, conservación, envenenamiento y aspectos antropológicos. Quito, Ecuador, Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orcés, Universidad de Texas, Fondo Ambiental Nacional, 652 pp. [review in HR 49 (1): 152, 2018]
  • Vite-Silva, Victor D.; Aurelio Ramírez-Bautista y Uriel Hernández-Salinas 2010. Diversidad de anfibios y reptiles de la Reserva de la Biosfera Barranca de Metztitlán, Hidalgo, México Diversity of amphibians and reptiles from the Barranca de Metztitlán Biosphera Reserve in Hidalgo, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 81: 473- 485
 
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