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Lepidophyma occulor SMITH, 1942

IUCN Red List - Lepidophyma occulor - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Japlan Tropical Night Lizard
S: Lagartija Nocturna de Jalpan 
SynonymLepidophyma smithii occulor SMITH 1942: 378
Lepidophyma smithii occulor — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 153
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum occulor — SAVAGE 1963
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum occulor — WERMUTH 1965
Lepidophyma occulor — CAMMARILLO 1993
Lepidophyma occulor — LINER 1994
Lepidophyma occulor— BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002
Lepidophyma occulor — JOHNSON et al. 2017 
DistributionMexico (San Luis Potosi, Hidalgo, Tamaulipas, Querétaro, Guanajuato)

Type locality: Jalpan, Querétaro.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 47133 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS). The species differs from all other Lepidophyma except L. smithii and L. micropholis in having 58 or more gulars; from all except L. radula, L. smithii, L. lineri, L. tarascae, L. flavimaculatum, and L. sylvaticum in having 25 or fewer lateral tubercle rows; and from L. smithii in having 22 or more lateral tubercle rows (99%; Table 1) and in having a pale parietal spot throughout life. Lepidophyma occulor is most similar to L. smithii, from which it differs in karyotype and in the presence of a parietal spot (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002).
CommentMax. SVL: 105 mm. 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin “occulor” (= “one who hides”) and refers to the secretive or reclusive behavior of the members of the genus. 
  • Bezy,R.L. & Camarillo, J.L. 2002. SYSTEMATICS OF XANTUSIID LIZARDS OF THE GENUS LEPIDOPHYMA. Contributions in Science (493): 1–41 - get paper here
  • Camarillo R., Jose L. 1993. Lepidophyma occulor (Jalpan tropical night lizard). Mexico: San Luis Potosi. Herpetological Review 24 (3): 109 - get paper here
  • Cammarillo R J L. 1993. Lepidophyma occulor (Jalpan Tropical Night Lizard). Herpetological Review 24 (3): 109 - get paper here
  • Campos-Rodríguez, J. I. B. Pérez-Valera, L. E. Evaristo-Aguilar and Raúl Hernández-Arciga. 2009. Extensiones de distribución de reptiles para el estado de Guanajuato, México. Vertebrata Mexicana 22:13-16
  • Campos-Rodríguez, J. I., L. Chambert, M. del Carmen Díaz, R. Hernández-Arciga y F. Mendoza-Quijano 2004. Geographic Distribution: Lepidophyma occulor. Herpetological Review 35: 288-289 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620
  • Lara-Tufiño, Daniel, Aurelio Ramírez-Bautista and Raciel Cruz-Elizalde. 2015. Lepidophyma occulor Smith, 1942. Maximum Size. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 110–111 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Manuel, J., Salinas, O., Castillo-cerón, J. M., Manríquez-morán, N., Goyenechea, I., & Casagranda, M. D. 2019. Endemism of lizards in the Chihuahuan Desert province: An approach based on endemicity analysis. Journal of Arid Environments - get paper here
  • Savage, J. M. 1963. 'Studies on the Lizard Family Xantusiidae IV. The Genera. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum (71): 1 - 38 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart 1942. Mexican herpetological miscellany. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 92 (3153): 349-395 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
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