Lepidophyma smithii BOCOURT, 1876
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Lepidophyma smithii?
|Higher Taxa||Xantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Smith's Tropical Night Lizard|
S: Lagartija Nocturna de Smith
|Synonym||Lepidophyma smithii BOCOURT 1876: 402|
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum — STUART 1963 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
Akleistops guatemalensis F. MÜLLER 1878: 390
Lepidophyma smithii tehuanae SMITH 1942: 377
Lepidophyma smithii smithii — H. M. SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 152
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum smithii — SAVAGE 1963: 35
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum smithii — WERMUTH 1965
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum tehuanae — WERMUTH 1965
Lepidophyma smithii — LINER 1994
Lepidophyma smithii — KÖHLER 2000: 105
Lepidophyma smithii — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
|Distribution||SE Mexico (Guerrero, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas), Guatemala, El Salvador|
smithii: Pacific slopes of Chiapas and W Guatemala. Type locality: Tehuantepec, and west coast of Guatemala. Restricted (H. M. SMITH & TAYLOR 1950) to Mazatenango, Guatemala.
tehuanae: Pacific slopes of Oaxaca and Chiapas (? Tonalá) in the vicinity of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Reported from Tres Cruces, El Limón, Cerro Arenal, La Concepción, Santa Efigenia, mountains near Santo Domingo, near Tehuantepec, Cafetal Concordia. Type locality: Cerro Arenal, 30 km west of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca.
|Types||Syntypes: MNHN-RA 4968, MNHN-RA 4968A, MNHN-RA 4323, MNHN-RA 4323A, MNHN-RA 4323B (5 syntype specimens) (smithii)|
Holotype: USNM 111488 [tehuanae]
Lecotype: NMBA = NHMB 3750, female [guatemalensis]
|Diagnosis||DIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS). The species differs from all other Lepidophyma except L. tarascae and L. lineri in lacking a pale spot on the parietal scale in adults (snout–vent length greater than 75 mm); from all except L. tarascae, L. occulor, and L. sylvaticum in having 22 or fewer lateral tubercle rows; and from L. tarascae in having 162 or more dorsals and 44 or more gulars (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002).|
|Comment||Synonymy after Wermuth 1965. Distribution partly after SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.|
Lepidophyma smithii tehuanae SMITH 1942 has been renamed Lepidophyma flavimaculatum tehuanae SMITH 1942 (fide LINER 1994).
Max. SVL: 112 mm.
Habitat: rocks and decomposing plants.
Walker (1955) concluded that L. smithii is conspecific with L. flavimaculatum and this arrangement has been followed by several subsequent workers (e.g., Smith, 1973). The ranges of the two forms are separated by only ca. 20 km on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, with L. smithii extending north to Santo Domingo de Guzma´n (5 Santo Domingo Petapa; Goodwin, 1969) and L. flavimaculatum south to El Mogon˜ e´. In this region, the two species differ in number of femoral pores, lateral tubercle rows, and the presence of a pale interparietal spot. Although geographical variation among the localities of these 2 widely distributed species produces overlap in number of femoral pores, the two species consistently differ in two other scale features (Table 1) and in chromosome number (Bezy, 1972). The population of L. smithii found near Puerto Marque´s, Guerrero, is the most divergent in scalation and its systematic status warrants further study (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002).
|Etymology||Named after Sir Andrew Smith, M.D. (1797–1872; founder of the South African Museum), whose description and figure of Poriodogaster grayi (a junior synonym of L. flavimaculatum) was used by Bocourt (1876) to compare with L. smithii.|