You are here » home advanced search Lepidothyris fernandi

Lepidothyris fernandi (BURTON, 1836)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Lepidothyris fernandi?

Add your own observation of
Lepidothyris fernandi »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaScincidae, Lygosominae, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesLepidothyris fernandi fernandi (BURTON 1836)
Lepidothyris fernandi harlani (HALLOWELL 1845) 
Common NamesG: Prachtskink, Feuerskink, Feuerbauchskink 
SynonymTiliqua fernandi BURTON 1836
Tiliqua nigriceps MÜLLER 1885 (fide KRAMER 1979)
Lygosoma fernandi – BOULENGER 1887: 304
Lepidothyris fernandi — COPE 1892: 233
Lygosoma nov. sp. BARBOZA DU BOCAGE 1895: 272
Lygosoma fernandi – BARBOZA DU BOCAGE 1895: 12
Ligosoma fernandi – BARBOZA DU BOCAGE 1903: 41
Lygosoma fernandi – BOULENGER 1906: 206
Lygosoma ferrandi — WERNER 1913: 19 (in error)
Lygosoma fernandi — SCHMIDT 1919: 558
Lygosoma ferrandi — LOVERIDGE 1920: 157 (in error)
Riopa fernandi — LOVERIDGE 1936: 71
Riopa fernandi – MERTENS 1941: 278
Mochlus fernandi – MITTLEMAN 1952: 9
Lygosoma fernandi — BROADLEY 1998
Mochlus fernandi — SCHMITZ et al. 2000
Lygosoma fernandi — REEDER 2003
Lygosoma fernandi — PAUWELS et al. 2004
Mochlus fernandi — VELTUM 2005
Lygosoma fernandi — PAUWELS et al. 2006
Lygosoma fernandi — JACKSON et al. 2007
Lepidothyris fernandi fernandi — WAGNER et al. 2009

Lepidothyris fernandi harlani (HALLOWELL 1845)
Plestiodon harlani HALLOWELL 1845: 170
Euprepis harlani — HALLOWELL 1857
Tiliqua nigripes MÜLLER 1885
Lepidothyris fernandi harlani — WAGNER et al. 2009
Lepidothyris fernandi harlani — TRAPE, CHIRIO & TRAPE 2012 
DistributionEquatorial Guinea (Bioko Island), Cameroon (e.g. Böhme 1975; Lawson 1993), Nigeria (Dunger 1973), Gabon (ZFMK 26925)], Congo (Brazzaville), Kenya

harlani: Sierra Leone (Zug 1983), Guinea (Angel et al. 1954), Liberia (Grandison 1956), Ivory Coast (ZFMK 76711; MNHG 1228.005–015), Ghana (ZFMK 83614-628). Probably in Nigeria, Togo; Type locality: Liberia.

nigripes: Type locality: Gold Coast.

Type locality: Bioko, Äquatorial-Guinea (see comment). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesNeotype ZFMK 9362, San Carlos, Fernando Poo (today Bioko Island), Equatorial Guinea, leg. M. Eisentraut, 15.X.1962.
Holotype: ANSP 9540; Liberia [harlani] 
CommentSpecimens of this species from Musosa, on the Zambian border to Zaire midway between Lakes Tanganyika and Mweru, have been collected by H.J. Bredo in 1939 (Witte 1953). There are no other records from Shaba Province. Broadley (1998) stated that “it seems likely that these specimens were mislabelled”.

Euprepis striatus HALLOWELL 1854 has been removed from the synonym of L. fernandi and revalidated to species status (now Lepidothyris striatus).

Type Species: Tiliqua fernandi BURTON 1836 is the type species of the genus Lepidothyris COPE 1892. The original description of Lepidothyris by Cope (1892) is within a key of scincid genera without determining a type species. In accordance to Opinion 46 of the ICZN (1999), L. fernandi is the type species of this genus, because Cope (1900) eight years later first associated this taxon with Lepidothyris and so it became ipso facto the type by this subsequent designation (WAGNER et al. 2009).

Diagnosis (genus Lepidothyris Cope, 1892). Nostril pierced in the nasal; palatine bones in contact on the median line of the palate; ear opening present, tympanum more or less deeply sunk, not concealed and visible; pterygoids in contact medially, the palatal notch not extending anteriorly to between the centre of the eyes; eyelids moveable, lower eyelid scaly; digits with non–retractile claws; supranasal plates present; two frontoparietal scales; limbs strong but stout.
From the other related genera Lepidothyris differs as follows: from Lygosoma in having the ear opening present; and the tympanum visible; from Riopa in having a lower scaly eyelid; and in lacking a transparent disc; from Mochlus in having strong and stout limbs; instead partly reduced or very short limbs.

Diagnosis: Lepidothyris fernandi fernandi is a large skink, with a short but wide head and a rounded snout; eye relatively large with a round pupil; ear opening more or less oval and well visible, without lobuli; body stout and subcylindrical; four limbs, relatively short but strong, with five thin toes; tail just as stout as the body, about half of the total length and tapering smoothly, and despite its apparent stoutness easy to autotomize; body scales strongly keeled, with three keels on the dorsal scales up to five keels on the lateral scales; there are between 31 and 34 scale rows around midbody.

Diagnosis [harlani]: Differs from the nominat form in having more scales around midbody, invariably 34 instead of 31 to 34; head only sparsely set off from body, shorter than in nominate form; and in the very different colouration.

The type locality fide Burton [1836] is “apud Fernando Po”, now known as Bioko in Äquatorial-Guinea.

Max. total length: 37 cm (SVL/TL = 15 cm/20 cm). 
References
  • Angel,F. GUIBÉ,J. & LAMOTTE,M. 1954. La réserve naturelle intégrale du Mont Nimba. 2. XXXI. Lézards. Mem. I. F. A. N. 40: 371-379
  • Bocage, Barboza du 1895. Sur un batrcien nouveau e Fernão do Pó. J. Sci. math. phys. nat. Lisboa, 3 (2): 270-272
  • Bocage, Barboza du 1895. J. Sci. math. phys. nat. Lisboa, 4 (2): 12.
  • Bocage, Barboza du 1903. J. Sci. math. phys. nat. Lisboa: 7 (2): 63
  • Böhme, Wolfgang, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Christian Brede & Philipp Wagner 2011. The reptiles (Testudines, Squamata, Crocodylia) of the forested southeast of the Republic Guinea (Guinée forestière), wit a country-wide checklist Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 35-61 - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1897. A list of reptiles and batrachians from the Congo Free State, with the description of two new snakes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 19: 276-281 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1906. Report on the reptiles collected by the late L. Fea in West Africa. Ann. Mus. civ. Stor. Nat. Genova (3) 2: 196-216 - get paper here
  • Branch, W.B. 2011. Lepidothrys fernandi harlani (Hallowell, 1844) - Harlan’s Fire Skink. Afr. Herp. News (54): 21-22 [cover photo]
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Burton, E. 1836. A saurian reptile of the family Scincidae and of the genus Tiliqua, Gray. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1836: 62 - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Cope, E.D. 1892. J. Morphol. 7: 233
  • de Witte, G. F. 1933. Reptiles récoltés au Conge Belge par le Dr. H. Schouteden et par M. G.-F. Witte. Ann. Mus. Conge belge Zool. Ser. 1 Tome III: 53-100.
  • de Witte, G. F. 1953. Reptiles. Exploration du Parc National de l'Upemba. Mission G. F. de Witte en collaboration avec W. Adam, A. Janssens, L. Van Meel et R. Verheyen (1946–1949). Institut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo Belge. Brussels, vol. 6, 322 pp. - get paper here
  • Fischer, J. G. 1883. Beschreibungen neuer Reptilien. Jahresber. Naturhist. Mus. Hamburg 1882: 1-15
  • Fischer, J. G. 1884. Herpetologische Bemerkungen. Abh. Nat. Ver. Hamburg 8 (2): 43-51 (3-11)
  • Giovannotti, M.; V. Caputo, P.C.M. O’Brien, F.L. Lovell, V. Trifonov, P. Nisi Cerioni, E. Olmo, M.A. 2009. Skinks (Reptilia: Scincidae) Have Highly Conserved Karyotypes as Revealed by Chromosome Painting. Cytogenet Genome Res 127 (2-4): - get paper here
  • Grandison,A.G.C. 1956. On a collection of lizards from West Africa. Bull. Inst. fr. Afr. Noire, 18 (1): 224-245 [235].
  • Jackson, Kate; Ange-Ghislain Zassi-Boulou, Lis-Bethy Mavoungou, and Serge Pangou 2007. Amphibians and Reptiles of the LacTélé Community Reserve, Likouala Region, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville). Herp. Cons. Biol. 2 (2): 75-86
  • Kramer, Eugen 1979. Typenkatalog der Echsen im Naturhistorischen Museum Basel (BM), Stand 1978. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 86 (1): 159-166 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1938. On a collection of reptiles and amphibians from Liberia. Proc. New England Zool. Club 17: 49-74
  • Loveridge,A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1941. Zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna von Fernando-Poo. Zool. Anz. 135: 275-281
  • Mittleman, M.B. 1952. A generic synopsis of the Lizards of the Subfamily Lygosominae. Smithson. misc. Collns, 117: 1-35. - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; Christy, P. & honorez, A. 2006. Reptiles and National Parks in Gabon, Western Central Africa. Hamadryad 30 (1-2): 181-196 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; William R. Branch and Marius Burger 2004. REPTILES OF LOANGO NATIONAL PARK, OGOOUÉ-MARITIME PROVINCE, SOUTH-WESTERN GABON. Hamadryad 29(1): 115 – 127 - get paper here
  • Reeder, T.W. 2003. A phylogeny of the Australian Sphenomorphus group (Scincidae: Squamata) and the phylogenetic placement of the crocodile skinks (Tribolonotus): Bayesian approaches to assessing congruence and obtaining confidence in maximum likelihood inferred relatio Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 384–397 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1919. Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the Collection of the American Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part I: turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and chamaeleons. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 39 (2): 385-624 - get paper here
  • Schmitz A., Euskirchen, O. & Böhme W. 2000. Zur Herpetofauna einer montanen Regenwaldregion in SW-Kamerun (Mt. Kupe und Bakossi-Gergland).III. Einige bemerkenswerte Vertreter der Familien Lacertidae, Scincidae, Varanidae, Elapidae und Viperidae. Herpetofauna 22 (124): 16-27 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld,R. 1917. Reptilia und Amphibia. In: Schubotz, H. (Hrsg.): Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Zweiten Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition, 1910-1911 unter Führung Adolph Friedrichs, Herzog zu Mecklenburg. Leipzig: Klinkhardt & Biermann, [Band] 1, Zoologie, Lieferung 11; S. 407-510. - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H.;Weyer, Dora 1958. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Harbel, Republic of Liberia Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (14): 1191-1229 - get paper here
  • Trapé, J.F.; Chirio, L. & Trapé, S. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • Veltum, I. 2005. Zur Haltung und Nachzucht des Prachtskinks Mochlus fernandi. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (54): 66-70 - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp; Wolfgang Böhme; Olivier S. G. Pauwels & Andreas Schmitz 2009. A review of the African red-flanked skinks of the Lygosoma fernandi (BURTON, 1836) species group (Squamata: Scincidae) and the role of climate change in their speciation. Zootaxa 2050: 1-30 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1913. Neue oder seltene Reptilien und Frösche des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. Reptilien der Ostafrika-Expedition der Hamburger Geographischen Gesellschaft 1911/12. Leiter: Dr. E. Obst. Reptilien und Amphibien von Formosa. Jb. Hamb. wiss. Anst., 30 [1912], 2. Beiheft: 1-39, 40-45, 45-51 - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R. 1987. Amphibians and reptiles of the Outamba-Kilimi region, Sierra Leone Jour. Herp. Ass. Afr. 33: 1-4. - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator