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Leposternon polystegum (DUMÉRIL, 1851)

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBahia Worm Lizard 
SynonymLepidosternon polystegum DUMÉRIL 1851: 149
Lepidosternon grayii GRAY 1865
Leposternon polystegoides SCHMIDT 1936
Leposternon polystegum — RODRIGUES 2003
Leposternon polystegum — GANS 2005: 33
Amphisbaena polystegum — MOTT & VIEITES 2009
Amphisbaena polystega — GOMES & MACIEL 2012
Leposternon polystegum — RIBEIRO et al. 2018 
DistributionBrazil (Para, Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco, Bahia, Ceará, Maranhão, Paraíba)

Type locality: ‘‘Bahia’’, Brazil.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN = MHNP A5124.
Holotype: CAS 49866 [polystegoides] 
Diagnosis 
Comment 
Etymology 
References
  • Barros Filho, J.D. de 1996. NOTAS SOBRE OS AMPHISBAENIA (REPTILIA, SQUAMATA) DA MICRORREGIÃO DE FEIRA DE SANTANA, ESTADO DA BAHIA, BRASIL. Sitientibus, Feira de Santana (14): 57-68
  • Borges-Nojosa, D. M. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Composição e análise comparativa da diversidade e das afinidades biogeográficas dos lagartos e anfisbenídeos (Squamata) dos brejos nordestinos. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Brygoo, E. R. 1990. Les types d'Amphisbaenidés, Pygopodidés, Xantusiidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle - Catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. 12 (ser. 4) A (3-4), suppl.: 3-18
  • Calixto PO, Morato SAA 2017. Herpetofauna recorded by a fauna rescue program in a Caatinga area of João Câmara, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Check List 13 (5): 647-657 - get paper here
  • Costa Valverde, M.C. & Jesus Ferreira D. de 2005. NEM COBRA, NEM DUAS CABEÇAS: QUEM EU SOU? Uma abordagem sobre os Amphisbaenia. Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, 10 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C. & A. H. A. Duméril 1851. Catalogue méthodique de la collection des reptiles du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Gide et Baudry/Roret, Paris, 224 pp.
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 1971. Studies on Amphisbaenians. (4). A review of the amphisbaenid genus Leposternon. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 144 (6): 379-464
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130
  • GOMES, JERRIANE O. & ADRIANO O. MACIEL 2012. A new species of Amphisbaena Linnaeus (Squamata, Amphisbaenidae) from the state of Maranhão, northern Brazilian Cerrado. Zootaxa 3572: 43–54 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. A revision of the genera and species of amphisbaenians with the descriptions of some new species now in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 16: 365-377 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. A revision of the genera and species of amphisbaenians with the descriptions of some new species now in the collection of the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1865: 442-455. - get paper here
  • Hamdan, Breno 2012. Zerstören für den Aufschwung: Ist es das wirklich wert? Fallstudie aus Brasilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (1): 46-49 - get paper here
  • Melo, Íris Virgínea; Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura, Marco Antonio de Freitas, Edson Victor Euclides de Andrade, Cláudio Casal, Arthur Diesel Abegg, Marcelo Nogueira de Carvalho Kakubum 2018. New additions to herpetofauna of the Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos, an urban Atlantic Rainforest Fragment, Recife municipality, Pernambuco state, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 245-254 - get paper here
  • Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira; Brygida Alves, Carmem Pedro, Daniel Laranjeiras, Francis Caldas, Isabella Pedrosa, Jefter Rodrigues, Leandro Drummond, Lucas Cavalcanti, Milena Wachlevski, Paulo Nogueira-Costa, Rafaela França, Frederico França 2018. Herpetofauna in two habitat types (tabuleiros and Stational Semidecidual Forest) in the Reserva Biológica Guaribas, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 455-474 - get paper here
  • Mott, Tamí; David R. Vieites 2009. Molecular phylogenetics reveals extreme morphological homoplasy in Brazilian worm lizards challenging current taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 51 (2): 190-200 - get paper here
  • Nascimento de Oliveira, Camila; Sérgio Luiz da Silva Muniz, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2016. Reptiles of an urban Atlantic Rainforest fragment in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 9: 175-183 - get paper here
  • Oliveira Lula Salles, R. de & Silva-Soares, T. 2010. Répteis do município de Duque de Caxias, Baixada Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro, Sudeste do Brasil. Biotemas, 23 (2): 135-144
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, Síria; Adriano Lima Silveira and Alfredo P. Santos-jr 2018. A New Species of Leposternon (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae) from Brazilian Cerrado with a Key to Pored Species. Journal of Herpetology 52 (1): 50-58 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO, SIRIA; ALFREDO P. SANTOS-JR, HUSSAM ZAHER 2015. A new species of Leposternon Wagler, 1824 (Squamata, Amphisbaenia) from northeastern Argentina Zootaxa 4034 (2): 309–324
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna of Quaternary sand dunes of the middle Rio São Francisco, Bahia, Brazil. VIII. Amphisbaena arda sp. nov., a fuliginosa-like checkered patterned Amphisbaena (Squamata, Amphisbaenidae). Phyllomedusa 1 (2): 51-56 [2002] - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1936. Notes on Brasilian amphisbaenians. Herpetologica 1 (1): 28-32. - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P. E. 1976. On the lizards of a cerrado-caatinga contact: evolutionary and zoogeographical implications (Sauria). Pap. Avulsos Zool. 29 (16): 111-119
  • Vitt, L. J.; Caldwell, J. P.; Colli, G. R.; Garda, A. A.; Mesquita, D. O.; França, F. G. R. e Balbino, S. F. 2002. Um guia fotográfico dos répteis e anfíbios da região do Jalapão no Cerrado brasileiro. Norman, Oklahoma: Special Publications in Herpetology. San Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History
 
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