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Leposternon scutigerum HEMPRICH, 1820

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata 
Subspecies 
Common NamesShielded Worm Lizard 
SynonymAmphisbaena scutigera HEMPRICH 1820
Cephalopeltis cuvieri MÜLLER 1832
Lepidosternon hemprichii WIEGMANN & RUTHE 1831
Lepidosternon scutigerum DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 509
Cephalopeltis scutigerua — GRAY 1865: 376
Cephalopeltis scutigera — CAMP 1923: 352
Leposternon scutigerum — PETERS et al. 1970: 169
Leposternon scutigerum — GANS 2005: 33
Amphisbaena scutigerum — MOTT & VIEITES 2009
Leposternon scutigerum — RIBEIRO et al. 2018 
DistributionBrazil (Rio de Janeiro)

Type locality: ‘‘Brasilia’’.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 1398
Holotype: MNHN [Cephalopeltis cuvieri] 
Diagnosis 
CommentThe publication year of HEMPRICH’s description is sometimes given as 1829. However, BAUER (2001) concludes that 1820 is the correct date. 
Etymology 
References
  • Barros-Filho, J. D. de, Freitas, M., Silva, T., Loguercio, M., & Valverde, M. C. 2019. Redescription of Leposternon octostegum (Duméril, 1851), with an identification key for Brazilian Leposternon species, remarks on meristic methodology, and a proposal for pholidosis nomenclature (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae) Journal of Threatened Taxa, 11(1), 13058-13086 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M. 2001. On the correct date of description of Amphisbaena scutigera Hemprich and A. rufa Hemprich. International Society for the History and Bibliography of Herpetology. 3(1):11-13 - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E. R. 1990. Les types d'Amphisbaenidés, Pygopodidés, Xantusiidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle - Catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. 12 (ser. 4) A (3-4), suppl.: 3-18
  • Camp, Charles Lewis 1923. Classification of the Lizards. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 48 (11): 289-481.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 1971. Studies on Amphisbaenians. (4). A review of the amphisbaenid genus Leposternon. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 144 (6): 379-464
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. A revision of the genera and species of amphisbaenians with the descriptions of some new species now in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 16: 365-377 - get paper here
  • Hemprich,F.G. 1829. Amphisbaenarum generis novas species duas descripsit. Verhand. Gesellsch. Naturf. Fr. Berlin 1 (2): 129-130 - get paper here
  • Mott, Tamí; David R. Vieites 2009. Molecular phylogenetics reveals extreme morphological homoplasy in Brazilian worm lizards challenging current taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 51 (2): 190-200 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, Síria; Adriano Lima Silveira and Alfredo P. Santos-jr 2018. A New Species of Leposternon (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae) from Brazilian Cerrado with a Key to Pored Species. Journal of Herpetology 52 (1): 50-58 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO, SIRIA; ALFREDO P. SANTOS-JR, HUSSAM ZAHER 2015. A new species of Leposternon Wagler, 1824 (Squamata, Amphisbaenia) from northeastern Argentina Zootaxa 4034 (2): 309–324
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
 
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