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Leptodeira bakeri RUTHVEN, 1936

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Aruban Cat-eyed Snake, Baker's Cat-eyed Snake 
SynonymLeptodeira bakeri RUTHVEN 1936: 1
Leptodeira bakeri — DUELLMAN 1958: 51
Leptodeira bakeri — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 154
Leptodeira bakeri — KORNACKER 1999: 96
Leptodeira bakeri — WALLACH et al. 2014
Leptodeira bakeri — BARRIO-AMORÓS 2019 
DistributionNE Venezuela (Peninsula de Paraguana, Estado Falcon), Aruba I

Type locality: Aruba Island.  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 57130, adult female; paratypes: UMMZ 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Dorsal scale rows 19-17-15, median row not noticeably enlarged; ventrals 170-175; subcaudals 71-73 (2 specimens) ; sum of ventrals and subcaudals 241-245. Dorsal blotches large, 15-24 on body, extending usually broadly to, or slightly involving, the first row of dorsal scales, not continued upon the ventrals. (Ruthven 1936).

DESCRIPTION OF HOLOTYPE. Adult female. Dorsal scale rows 19-17-15, median scales not enlarged. Upper labials 8, fourth and fifth under the eye; lower labials 10, oculars 1-2, a sub-preocular. Ventrals 170; caudals 71. Body with 16 broad dark bands (exclusive of nuchal blotch) 6-8 scales wide, separated by 3 or 4 scales, extending to, or involving, upper edges of the first row of dorsals; a small poorly defined dark spot between the dorsal blotches on the second and third or second, third, and fourth scale rows; tail with 8 blotches. Occiput with an irregular dark band involving the posterior ends of the parietals, succeeded by a broad pale band 3 or 4 scales wide; a nuchal blotch about 8 scales wide; a black temporal band not reaching the nuchal blotch. Belly white, immaculate. (Ruthven 1936). 
CommentFrank & Ramus (1995: 224) cite this species as “Leptodeira bakeri RUTHVEN 1886”

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Horace Burrington Baker (1889-1971), American zoologist, mostly at the University of Pennsylvania. 
  • Barrio-Amorós, César L. 2019. On the taxonomy of snakes in the genus Leptodeira, with an emphasis on Costa Rican species. IRCF 26 (1): 1–15 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Buurt, Gerard van and H. Dilrosun 2017. Predation by an Amazonian Giant Centipede (Scolopendra gigantea) on a Baker’s Cat-eyed Snake (Leptodeira bakeri). IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 24 (2): 127 - get paper here
  • Duellman,W.E. 1958. A monographic study of the colubrid snake genus Leptodeira. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 114 (1): 1-152 - get paper here
  • Goessling, J. M., Lutterschmidt, W. I., Odum, R. A. & Reinert, H. K. 2012. Leptodeira bakeri (Aruban cat-eyed snake) predation. Herpetological Review 43: 345 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • Mijares-Urrutia A. Markezich A L. Arends R A. 1995. Discovery of Leptodeira bakeri Ruthven (Serpentes: Colubridae) in the Paraguana Peninsula, northeastern Venezuela: With descriptive and biological comments [in Spanish]. Carib. J. Sci. 31 (1-2): 77- 82.
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela. Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Ruthven, Alexander G. 1936. Leptodeira bakeri, new species. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (330): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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