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Leptodeira nigrofasciata GÜNTHER, 1868

IUCN Red List - Leptodeira nigrofasciata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Black-banded Cat-eyed Snake
S: Escombrera Añillada 
SynonymLeptodeira nigrofasciata GÜNTHER 1868: 425
Leptodira mystacina COPE 1870: 151
Leptodeira nigrofasciata — DUELLMAN 1958: 87
Leptodeira nigrofasciata — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 154
Leptodeira nigrofasciata — LINER 1994
Leptodeira nigrofasciata — LINER 2007
Leptodeira nigrofasciata — WALLACH et al. 2014
Leptodeira nigrofasciata — BARRIO-AMORÓS 2019
Leptodeira nigrofasciata — MARTÍNEZ-FONSECA et al. 2024 
DistributionMexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Guerrero), Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica

Type locality: Nicaragua.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.8.37
Syntypes: USNM 30339-30340 [mystacina] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Leptodeira nigrofasciata can be distinguished from all other Honduran snakes, except Scaphiodontophis annulatus, S. venustissimus, and Oxyrhopus petola, in having smooth dorsal scales that are usually in 19-19-17 rows on the body (occasionally 17-17-15) and a banded dorsal pattern. Scaphiodontophis annulatus and S. venustissimus have red in the dorsal pattern (at least anteriorly in the former) and a long, thick, and fragile tail with more than 90 subcaudals when complete (versus no red in dorsal pattern and a gradu­ ally tapering tail with fewer than 80 subcaudals in L. nigrofasciata). Oxyrhopus petola has an entire cloacal scute and red in the body pattern (versus cloacal scute divided and dorsal body pattern black and grayish white or yellow in L. nigrofasciata) (McCranie 2011: 322). 
CommentDescription: black body with with yellow stripes which may extend dorsally only on one side, particularly in the latter two thirds of the body.

Distribution: not in Panama fide S. Lotzkat (pers. comm. 23 Dec 2015). 
EtymologyThe specific name nigrofasciata is formed from the Latin niger (black) and fasciatus (enveloped with bands), in reference to the dark bands on the dorsum of this snake (McCranie 2011: 322). 
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Barrio-Amorós, César L. 2019. On the taxonomy of snakes in the genus Leptodeira, with an emphasis on Costa Rican species. IRCF 26 (1): 1–15 - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Cope, E.D. 1870. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147-169 [1869] - get paper here
  • Duellman, W.E. 1958. A monographic study of the colubrid snake genus Leptodeira. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 114 (1): 1-152 - get paper here
  • ELDEN, JUSTIN; SAUNDERS S. DRUKKER, ANDRES NOVALES-AGUIRREZABAL, DANE CONLEY & MYLES MASTERSON. 2021. LEPTODEIRA NIGROFASCIATA (Black-banded Cat-eyed Snake). DIET. Herpetological Review 52 (2): 426. - get paper here
  • Golder, F. 1984. Haltung und Zucht von Leptodeira nigrofasciata GÜNTHER, 1868 (Serpentes: Colubridae). Salamandra 20 (1): 3-10 - get paper here
  • Golder, F. 1987. Haltung und Zucht von Leptodeira nigrofasciata. Litteratura Serpentium 7 (2): 94 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1868. Sixth account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 1: 413-429 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
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  • Jansen, M. & G. Koehler 2002. Biogeographische Analyse der Herpetofauna von ausgewählten Hochlandgebieten Nicaraguas. Salamandra 38 (4): 269-286 - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
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  • Mata-Silva, V., D. L. DeSantis, E. García-Padilla, A. Rocha, L. D. Wilson and A. Ramírez-Bautista. 2017. Leptodeira nigrofasciata Günther, 1868. Mexico, Oaxaca. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 471–472 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
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  • Mora, José Manuel; Jasdiel Ramírez-Alvarado, Jorge Alpízar-Rodríguez, Andy Rodríguez-Picado, Steven Gallo-Gutiérrez, and Luis José Alfaro-Rodríguez 2020. Predation by a Black-banded Cat-eyed Snake, Leptodeira nigrofasciata Günther 1868 (Squamata: Dipsadidae) on a Yellow-bellied Gecko, Phyllodactylus tuberculosus Wiegmann 1834 (Squamata: Phyllodactylidae) in northwestern Costa Rica. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (1): 96–97 - get paper here
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  • Sunyer, Javier & José́ Gabriel Martínez-Fonseca 2023. An updated country checklist to the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. REVISTA NICARAGÜENSE DE BIODIVERSIDAD (100): 1-25 - get paper here
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  • Téllez-Escalante, Ana Paulina, Ricardo Palacios-Aguilar and Louis W. Porras. 2016. Leptodeira nigrofasciata Günther, 1868. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 516-517 - get paper here
  • Vences M., Franzen M., Flaschendräger A., Schmitt R. & Regös J. 1998. Beobachtungen zur Herpetofauna von Nicaragua: kommentierte Artenliste der Reptilien. Salamandra 34 (1): 17-42 - get paper here
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