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Leptodeira septentrionalis (KENNICOTT, 1859)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Northern Cat-eyed Snake
G: Gebänderte Katzenaugennatter 
SynonymDipsas septentrionalis KENNICOTT in BAIRD 1859: 16
Comastes ornatus BOCOURT 1884
Sibon annulatum var. septentrionale — GARMAN 1884: 17
Leptodira polysticta - GÜNTHER 1895 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
Leptodeira larcorum SCHMIDT & WALKER 1943
Leptodira dunckeri WERNER 1913: 28 (?, HALLERMANN, pers. comm.)
Leptodeira septentrionalis ornata — DUELLMAN 1958
Leptodeira septentrionalis - VILLA et al. 1988
Leptodeira septentrionalis septentrionalis — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 217
Leptodeira septentrionalis — LINER 1994
Leptodeira septentrionalis septentrionalis — CROTHER 2000: 65
Leptodeira septentrionalis septentrionalis — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 460
Leptodeira septentrionalis — SAVAGE 2002
Leptodeira ornata — WALLACH et al. 2014
Leptodeira septentrionalis — WALLACH et al. 2014 
DistributionUSA (S Texas), Mexico (Chiapas, Nuevo Leon, Quéretaro, Oaxaca, Puebla, Coahuila, Jalisco, Campeche, Yucatan, Quintana Roo), Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama,
Colombia (Valle del Cauca), N Peru, Ecuador; elevation (Honduras): 0-1940 m elevation

larcorum: Peru (Cajamarca, Libertad); Type locality: Chiclin, Libertad, Peru.

ornata: Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia (Antioquia, Atlantico, Caldas, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Norte de Santander, Santander), Ecuador. Type locality: Isthmus of Darién, Panama;

septentrionalis: Mexico (Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas); USA (S Texas); Type locality: Matamoras, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Restricted to “Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas” (by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950) where one of the syntypes was collected. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 4267; lectotype: USNM 2288 (recatalogued as USNM 131739).
Holotype: FMNH 34302 [larcorum]
Holotype: MNHN 6201 [ornata] 
CommentSubspecies: Leptodeira septentrionalis polysticta GÜNTHER 1895 has been elevated to species status. L. s. ornata is not valid (D. Mulcahy, pers. comm. 3 March 2013, Daza et al. 2009).

Relative abundance in Honduras: infrequent

Types: The type of Leptodira dunckeri has been lost, hence it is impossible to determine its identity with certainty.

Distribution: not in Venezuela (Luis Esqueda, pers. comm., 21 April 2016, see also Natera-Mumaw et al. 2015).

Diet: frogs etc. 
EtymologyThe specific name is derived from the Latin word septentrionalis, meaning "northern" in reference to the northernmost species in this genus. 
References
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