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Leptodeira uribei (BAUTISTA & SMITH, 1992)

IUCN Red List - Leptodeira uribei - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Uribe’s Cat-eyed Snake, Uribe's False Cat-eyed Snake
S: Escombrera Sapera de Uribe 
SynonymPseudoleptodeira uribei BAUTISTA & SMITH 1992
Pseudoleptodeira uribei — LINER 1994
Pseudoleptodeira uribei — FLORES-VILLELA & CANSECO-MÁRQUEZ 2004
Leptodeira uribei — REYES-VELASCO & MULCAHY 2010
Leptodeira uribei — WALLACH et al. 2014
Leptodeira uribei — BARRIO-AMORÓS 2019 
DistributionMexico (Jalisco, Oaxac, Guerrero)

Type locality: Estación de Biología "Chamela" (less than 5 Km from the Pacific coast, at aproximately 19° 30' N, 105° 03' W) Elevation: 10-584 m (sic).  
TypesHolotype: CNAR (= IBH) 07528. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A large member of the genus Leptodeira as defined by Duellman (1958a) with a maximum SVL of 542mm. Differs from L. punctata, nigrofasciata, bakeri, splendida ephippiata, annulata annulata, annulata ashmeadi, annulata pulchriceps, and septentrionalis ornata by the presence of more than 19 scale rows at midbody. Leptodeira uribei differs from the rest of the members of the genus (except L. frenata) by the presence of a dark postorbital stripe, usually in contact with the first body blotch. Furthermore, L. uribei differs from L. frenata by having 21 dorsal scale rows at the neck (vs. 19) and by a higher number of ventrals in males (188–200 vs. 170– 186). These two species can also be distinguished by differences in coloration, especially head coloration (dark brown or black head with a white, light cream, or red area bordering the parietal scales and stretching 6–10 scales into the neck vs. brown or light brown head, with a light stripe usually not in contact with parietals). Leptodeira uribei has more body blotches (35–44) than L. f. frenata and L. f. yucatanensis (26–34 and 18–26, respectively). The blotches usually reach the first scale row in frenata and yucatanensis but only reach the second and third scale rows in L. uribei. Leptodeira f. malleisi differs from L. uribei by the size of the light interspaces (1–3 vs. 0.5–1) and the size of the dark intercalary spots (covering 4–6 scales in uribei vs. 1–4 in malleisi) [from REYES-VELASCO & MULCAHY 2010]. 
CommentNota: Ramírez-Bautista A. & H. M. Smith, 1993. Reptile & Amphibian Magazine Mar./Apr. 1993:20-21 sugieren la posibilidad de que esta especie represente una fase de coloración y no una especie válida. En este trabajo se considera como válida, hasta que no se aclare su estatus [cited from FLORES-VILLELA & CANSECO-MÁRQUEZ 2004].

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Zeferino Uribe-Pena (b. 1947), who is cited as "an eminent herpetologist on the faculty of the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico." He was the first President of the Mexican Herpetological Society (1988-1990). 
  • Barrio-Amorós, César L. 2019. On the taxonomy of snakes in the genus Leptodeira, with an emphasis on Costa Rican species. IRCF 26 (1): 1–15 - get paper here
  • Bautista A R; Smith H M 1992. A new chromospecies of snake (Pseudoleptodeira) from Mexico. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 28 (3): 83-98 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Flores-Villela, O. & Canseco-Márquez, L. 2004. Nuevas especies y cambios taxonómicos para la herpetofauna de México. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 20 (2): 115-144 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • KUCHARZEWSKI, C. & SCHÄTTI, B. 2016. Zweiter Nachweis von Uribes Katzenaugennatter Leptodeira uribei (Ramírez Bautista & Smith, 1992) für den Bundesstaat Oaxaca, Süd-Mexiko. Sauria 38 (4): 52-55 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Pierce LJS, Painter CW 2020. The amphibians and reptiles of Colima, Mexico, with a summary of their conservation status. ZooKeys 927: 99-125 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, V., E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, A. Rocha, L. D. Wilson and A. Ramírez-Bautista. 2017. Leptodeira uribei (Ramírez-Bautista and Smith, 1992). Mexico, Oaxaca. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 472–473 - get paper here
  • Nieto-Toscano, Luis Francisco; Matías Martínez-Coronel 2021. Notes on the natural history and distribution of Uribe’s False Cat-eyed Snake, Leptodeira uribei (Dipsadidae). Reptiles & Amphibians 28 (2): 298-299
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Reyes-Velasco, Jacobo and Daniel G. Mulcahy. 2010. Additional taxonomic remarks on the genus Pseudoleptodeira (Serpentes: Colubridae) and the phylogenetic placement of "P. uribei". Herpetologica 66 (1): 99-110 - get paper here
  • Vázquez-Arroyo, E; Palacios-Aguilar, R; Pino-Ocampo, C & Santos-Bibiano, R; 2019. Geographic Distribution: Leptodeira uribei (Uribe’s Cat-eyed Snake) MEXICO: Guerrero: Municipality of Atoyac de Álvarez. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 331 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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