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Lerista bougainvillii (GRAY, 1839)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: South-eastern Slider 
SynonymRiopa bougainvillii GRAY 1839: 332
Lygosoma bougainvillii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 716 (emend. of Riopa b.)
Lygosoma laterale GÜNTHER 1867: 45 (non Scincus lateralis SAY 1823)
Rhodona bougainvillii — LUCAS & FROST 1894: 87
Rhodona bougainvillii — SMITH 1937: 230 ?
Nodorha [sic] bougainvillii — MITTLEMAN 1952
Lerista bougainvillii — GREER 1967
Gongylus bougainvillii [DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839] ?
Lerista bougainvillii — COGGER 1983: 172
Nodorha cassandrae WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Nodorha bougainvillii — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 36
Nodorha cassandrae — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 36
Gongylus bougainvillii — FRANK & RAMUS 1995: 187
Lerista bougainvillii — COGGER 2000: 514
Nodorha bougainvillii — WELLS 2012: 88
Nodorha cassandrae — WELLS 2012: 92
Lerista bougainvillii — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria)

Type locality: Australia (by implication).  
ReproductionThis species consists of both viviparous and oviparous populations (FAIRBAIRN et al. 1998, QUALLS & SHINE 1998). 
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 3016, from Australia (Lygosoma bougainvillii)
Holotype: BMNH 1946.8.15.58, from S. A. [Lygosoma laterale] 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983 and GREER 1967.

Type species: Lygosoma bougainvillii Duméril and Bibron, 1839 is the type species of the genus Nodorha Mittleman, 1952. WELLS 2012: 78 revived Nodorha for N. arenicola, bougainvillii, cassandrae, microtis intermedia, microtis microtis, schwaneri, and viduata. Unfortunately WELLS did not provide a phylogenetic analysis of the genera into which he broke up Lerista, hence we leave the current genus Lerista intact for the time being.

Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes 
EtymologyProbably named after Hyacinthe Yves Philippe Potentien, Baron de Bougainville (1781-1846), who visited Australia (1825). However, Gray did not provide an etymology. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Fairbairn, John; Richard Shine, Craig Moritz, and Marianne Frommer 1998. Phylogenetic Relationships between Oviparous and Viviparous Populations of an Australian Lizard (Lerista bougainvillii, Scincidae). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 10 (1): 95–103 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1839. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 2 (11): 331-337 [continued from page 293] - get paper here
  • Greer, Allen E. 1967. A new generic arrangement for some Australian scincid lizards. Breviora (267): 1-19 - get paper here
  • Greer,A.E. 1990. Limb reduction in the scincid lizard genus Lerista. 2. Variation in the bone complements of the front and rear limbs and the number of postsacral vertebrae. Journal of Herpetology 24 (2): 142-150 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1867. Additions to the knowledge of Australian reptiles and fishes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 20: 45-57 - get paper here
  • Hugi, Jasmina; Mark N. Hutchinson, D. Koyabu, Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra 2012. Heterochronic shifts in the ossification sequences of surface- and subsurface-dwelling skinks are correlated with the degree of limb reduction. Zoology 115 (3): 188-198 - get paper here
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. Blair; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Lucas, A. H. S. & Frost, C. 1894. The lizards indigenous to Victoria. Proc. R. Soc. Vict. (ns) 6: 24-92 - get paper here
  • Michael, D.R.; D.B. Lindenmayer; M. Crane; C. MacGregor; R. Montague-Drake; L. McBurney. 2011. Reptilia, Murray catchment, New South Wales, southeastern Australia. Check List 7 (1):25-29 - get paper here
  • Qualls, C.P. 1997. The Effects of Reproductive Mode and Climate on Reproductive Success in the Australian Lizard, Lerista bougainvillii Journal of Herpetology 31 (1): 60-65. - get paper here
  • Qualls, C.P.;Shine, R. 1998. Lerista bougainvillii, a case study for the evolution of viviparity in reptiles. J. evol. biol. 11: 63–78 - get paper here
  • Qualls, F.J.;Shine, R.;Donnellan, S.;Hutchison, M. 1995. The evolution of viviparity within the Australian scincid lizard Lerista bougainvillii. Journal of Zoology 237: 13-26 - get paper here
  • Reeder, T.W. 2003. A phylogeny of the Australian Sphenomorphus group (Scincidae: Squamata) and the phylogenetic placement of the crocodile skinks (Tribolonotus): Bayesian approaches to assessing congruence and obtaining confidence in maximum likelihood inferred relatio Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 384–397 - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Michael S Y Lee and Mark N Hutchinson 2008. Rapid and repeated limb loss in a clade of scincid lizards. [Lerista]. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8:310 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Turner, Grant S. 2017. Notes on the natural history of Bougainville's Skink 'Lerista bougainvillii' from basalt plains grasslands near Melbourne. Victorian Naturalist 134 (3): 64-75 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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