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Lialis burtonis GRAY, 1835

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Higher TaxaPygopodidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Burton's Snake-lizard, Burton's Legless Lizard
G: Burtons Spitzkopf-Flossenfuß 
SynonymLialis burtonis GRAY 1835
Lialis Burtonii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 831
Lialis bicatenata GRAY 1842
Lialis punctulata GRAY 1842
Ophiophthalmus FITZINGER 1843 (nom. subst. pro Lialis)
Lialis leptorhyncha PETERS 1873: 605
Lialis punctulata var. concolor PETERS 1873: 606
Lialis burtonii — BOULENGER 1885: 247
Lialis burtoni [sic] — DE ROOIJ 1915: 63
Lialis burtonii — GLAUERT 1956
Lialis burtonii — KLUGE 1974: 128
Lialis burtonis — RÖSLER 1995: 88
Lialis burtonis — COGGER 2000: 294
Lialis burtonis — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Lialis burtonis — LIVIGNI 2013: 265 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia),
Indonesia (Aru Islands and S Irian Jaya; E. COLIJN, pers. comm.)

Type locality: Round Hill Fauna Reserve, between Lake Cargelligo and Mt. Hope, in 32° 58’ S, 146° 10’ E, N. S. W.; original type locality N. S. W. (as Nova Cambria Australi). Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesNeotype: AMS (AM) R27914, designated by Kluge (1974).
Syntypes: ZMB 5585 [Lialis leptorhyncha PETERS 1873]
Syntypes: ZMB 5323 [Lialis punctulata var. concolor PETERS 1873] 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983. Extremely variable species.

Size: SVL 291 mm + 327 mm tail (females); 217 mm SVL (males); Total length up to 75 cm.


Type species: Lialis burtonis GRAY 1835 is the type species of the genus Lialis GRAY 1835, which is the type genus of the family Lialisidae GRAY 1841 (now a synonym of Pygopodidae). 
  • Abdel-Aal, Hisham A. 2017. Surface Structure and Tribology of Legless Squamate Reptiles Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. 2013. Geckos - The Animal Answer Guide. Johns Hopkins University Press, 159 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Daza, Juan D. and Aaron M. Bauer 2012. Temporal Bones of the Gekkota Support Molecular Relationships within the Pygopodoidea. Journal of Herpetology 46 (3): 381-386. - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Escoriza Boj, D. 2005. Australia. Reptiles and Amphibians, Part 2: Desert and tropical savanna. Reptilia (GB) (41): 52-57 - get paper here
  • Ezaz, T. et al. 2009. Sex Chromosome Evolution in Lizards: Independent Origins and Rapid Transitions. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 249-260 - get paper here
  • Glauert, L. 1956. Herpetological Miscellanea VIII Snake Lizards and Worm Lizards (Family Pygopodidae). Western Australian Naturalist 5 (6):
  • Gorman, George C. 1970. Sex chromosomes of a pygopodid lizard, Lialis burtonis. Experientia 26: 206-207
  • Gray, J. E. 1842. Description of some hitherto unrecorded species of Australian reptiles and batrachians. Zoological Miscellany 2: 51—57 (London: Treuttel, Würtz & Co) - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1834. Characters of a new genus of reptiles (Lialis) from New South Wales. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1834: 134—135. - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. A short review of the lizards belonging to the genus Lialis Gray. Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 184-188 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1926. A brief review of the family Pygopodidae. Rec. Austral. Mus. 15 (1): 40-64 - get paper here
  • Kluge, Arnold G. 1976. Phylogenetic relationships in the lizard family Pygopodidae: an evaluation of theory, methods and data. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (152): 1-72 - get paper here
  • Koch, Claudia 2017. Herping Down Under – eine Auszeit in Westaustralien Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (4): 60-63 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Die “Geckos” Australiens. Draco 8 (29): 4-21 - get paper here
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Longman, H. A. 1918. Notes on some Queensland and Papuan reptiles. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 6: 37-44
  • Michael, D.R.; D.B. Lindenmayer; M. Crane; C. MacGregor; R. Montague-Drake; L. McBurney. 2011. Reptilia, Murray catchment, New South Wales, southeastern Australia. Check List 7 (1):25-29 - get paper here
  • Neill, W.T. 1957. Notes on the Pygopodid Lizards, Lialis burtoni and L. jicari. Copeia 1957 (3): 230-232 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1873. Über eine neue Schildkrötenart, Cinosternon effeldtii und einige andere neue oder weniger bekannte Amphibien. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1873 (October): 603-618 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 1969. Habitat specificity, speciation, and species density in Australian desert lizards. Ecology 50 (3): 498-502 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 2010. Notes on the ecology of four species of pygopodid lizards in the Great Victoria Desert. Western Australian Naturalist 27: 175-181
  • Röll, B. & Henkel, F.W. 2002. Are pygopods just legless geckos? Evidence from retinal structures. Salamandra 38 (2): 73-84 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Rovatsos M. et al. 2016. Mixed-Up Sex Chromosomes: Identification of Sex Chromosomes in the X1X1X2X2/X1X2Y System of the Legless Lizards of the Genus Lialis (Squamata: Gekkota: Pygopodidae). Cytogenet Genome Res <br />(DOI:10.1159/000450734) - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2004. Lialis burtonis GRAY 1835, Burtons Spitzkopf-Flossenfuß. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 51-54 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2011. Burtons Spitzkopf-Flossenfuß (Lialis burtonis GRAY, 1835) im Terrarium. Elaphe 19 (4): 41-45
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Switak, Karl H. 2006. Adventures in Green Python Country. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 364 pp. - get paper here
  • WALL, Michael; and Richard SHINE 2013. Ecology and Behaviour of Burtons Legless Lizard (Lialis burtonis, Pygopodidae) in Tropical Australia. Asian Herpetological Research 4 (1): - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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