Lichanura trivirgata COPE, 1861
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Lichanura trivirgata?
|Higher Taxa||Boidae (Charinidae, Charininae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||Rosy Boa|
gracia: Desert Rosy Boa
roseofusca: Coastal Rosy Boa
trivirgata: Mexican Rosy Boa
G: Rosenboa, Dreistreifen-Rosenboa
|Synonym||Lichanura trivirgata COPE 1861: 304|
Lichanura roseofusca COPE 1868
Lichanura myriolepis COPE 1868: 2
Lichanura trivirgata — BOULENGER 1893: 129
Lichanura roseofusca — VAN DENBURGH 1895: 138
Lichanura trivirgata gracia KLAUBER 1931
Lichanura ruseofusca gracia KLAUBER 1931: 307
Lichanura roseofusca gracia — TAYLOR 1938: 489
Lichanura ruseofusca gracia — TURNER 1959
Lichanura trivirgata gracia — STEBBINS 1985: 174
Lichanura trivirgata — STEBBINS 1985: 173
Lichanura trivirgata roseofusca — STEBBINS 1985: 174
Lichanura trivirgata saslowi (SPITERI 1987 in BARTLETT 1987)
Lichanura trivirgata arizonae SPITERI 1991
Lichanura trivirgata bostici SPITERI 1991
Charina trivirgata — KLUGE 1993
Lichanura trivirgata — LINER 1994
Charina trivirgata — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 203
Lichanura trivirgata gracia — CROTHER 2000: 65
Lichanura trivirgata roseofusca — CROTHER 2000: 65
Lichanura trivirgata saslowi — AKERET 2008
Lichanura trivirgata — WOOD et al. 2008
Lichanura trivirgata — CROTHER et al. 2012
Lichanura trivirgata roseofusca — LAITA 2013
Lichanura trivirgata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 384
|Distribution||USA (S California, SW Arizona), |
Mexico (Baja California, Isla Espíritu Santo, W Sonora)
gracia: USA (California, SW Arizona), Mexico (N Baja California); Type locality: Randsburg, Kern County, California.
myriolepis: Mexico (N Baja California); Type locality: ”northern part of Lower California [Mexico].”
roseofusca: Mexico (N Baja California), USA (S California); Type locality: “northern part of Lower California”.
saslowi: Mexico (Baja California Norte) [Wood et al. 2008]
trivirgata: Mexico (S Baja California, Sonora); Type locality: Cape San Lucas, Baja California. Map legend:
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
|Types||Syntype: ANSP 6698; Cochran (1961: 195) lists USNM 15502 as holotype.|
Holotype SDSNH 2995 [gracia]
Holotype: ANSP 6700; northern part of Lower California [myriolepis]
Holotype: ANSP 6699 [roseofusca]
|Comment||Synonymy: The validity of SPITERI’s subspecies bostici and saslowi has been questioned by KLUGE 1993. Lichanura trivirgata arizonae is not listed by CROTHER 2000, nor by WOOD et al. 2008. We consider them as synonyms of L. trivirgata.|
Illustrations: see several variants as high-res images in LAITA 2013.
Subspecies: Based on mtDNA data, WOOD et al. (2008) separated L. orcutti (including L. simplex as a synonym) as an evolutionary species from L. trivirgata (which included L. roseofusca and myriolepis as synonyms). However, they did not provide a diagnosis of this species. These author do not discuss/analyze arizonae, and mention saslowi only once and gracia a few times. These authors do not recognize gracia, roseofusca, myriolepis, and saslowi and therefore relegate them to the synonymy of L. trivirgata (although the authors of this paper do not explicitly address this issue).
Klauber (1931) noted that L. t. gracia and L. t. roseofusca ‘‘are virtually indistinguishable in scale counts”, but based the diagnosis on the color and pattern of the dorsal and lat- eral stripes. Phylogenetic analyses indicate that L. t. gracia populations in California (within Lineage A) are actually more closely related to L. t. roseofusca than they are to their subspecific counterparts in Arizona (=Lineage B), which makes this subspecies paraphyletic (non-exclusive) as currently described [from WOOD et al. 2008].
Type species: Lichanura trivirgata COPE 1861: 304 is the type species of the genus Lichanura COPE 1861.