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Liolaemus aparicioi OCAMPO, AGUILAR-KIRIGIN & QUINTEROS, 2012

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLiolaemus aparicioi OCAMPO, AGUILAR-KIRIGIN & QUINTEROS 2012 
DistributionBolivia (La Paz Department), elevation 3000–3900 m

Type locality: Jupapina, La Paz Department, Bolivia, 16°35’37.2’’S, 68°04’36.1’’W, datum WGS84, elevation 3250 m.  
TypesHolotype: CBF 3185 (field tag: MOB- 175), adult male, collected on 14 September 2008 by Mauricio Ocampo and Alvaro Aguilar Kirigin. Paratypes.—Six males (CBF 3182, field number KIRI-223; CBF 3183, field number MOB-174; CBF 3184, field number KIRI- 224; CBF 3187, field number MOB-176; CBF 2917, field number MOB-36; CBF 3017, field number MOB-85) and four females (CBF 3186, field number KIRI-225; CBF 3181, field number MOB-169; CBF 2999, field number MOB-76; CBF 2998, field number KIRI-128) from the same locality as the holotype. Two females (CBF 3180, field number KIRI-222; CBF 3177, field number MOB-167) from Ananta, La Paz Department, Bolivia, 1683701.600S, 6884028.600W, elevation 3250 m. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small (61.7 mm maximum SVL), slender Liolaemus assigned to the L. alticolor group because it exhibits the defining characteristics of this group (Lobo and Espinoza, 2004), including small body size (rarely 60 mm SVL), a distinct pattern of dorsal stripes, and fine gray to black line segments or spots diffusely marking the ventral surface of the tail. Within the L. alticolor group, L. aparicioi differs from L. bitaeniatus and L. pagaburoi in having a smooth dorsal surface of the head (rough to slightly rough in those two species). It differs from L. tacnae and L. walkeri in having keeled temporal scales, as opposed to smooth tem- poral scales in these two species. The new species has paravertebral spots, which are absent in L. alticolor, L. chaltin, L. tacnae, L. walkeri, and L. yanalcu. Liolaemus aparicioi has dorsolateral stripes, absent in L. tacnae, L. yanalcu, and some males of L. puna. Also, the dorsolateral stripes in L. aparicioi are wider than those in L. bitaeniatus, L. pagaburoi, and L. walkeri. Most of the specimens of L. aparicioi lack a vertebral line, although a few specimens had a trace or fragmented line, which is otherwise present in L. alticolor, L. pagaburoi, L. ramirezae, L. walkeri, L. yanalcu, and females of L. puna. The color pattern of the throat is gray with some small black spots, which distinguishes L. aparicioi from L. bitaeniatus, L. chaltin, L. incaicus, L. ramirezae, and L. yanalcu, which have an immaculate throat; and from L. tacnae (me- lanic throat) and L. variegatus (variegated throat). The females of L. aparicioi have precloacal pores, unlike females of L. tacnae, L. puna, L. alticolor, L. walkeri, L. chaltin, and L. pagaburoi. The tails of L. aparicioi females are almost twice the body length, whereas in females of L. variegatus the tails are one and a half times the body length. Other distinct features of the new species are the undivided preocular, which is not fused to the subocular; weakly keeled temporals; four infralabials; upturned posterior tip of fourth supralabial; and pores in 66.7% of males. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet aparicioi is in honor of James Aparicio Effen, Curator of the herpetological collection of the Coleccio ́n Boliviana de Fauna, in recognition of his contribution toward our understanding in the herpetology in Bolivia. The species name is thus a patronym in the genitive singular. 
  • Miranda-Calle, Alejandro Bruno, Luis F Pacheco, James Aparicio, and Fausto R Méndez-De la Cruz. 2021. Thermoregulation of Liolaemus Aparicioi (Iguania: Liolaemidae) along a 1000 m Elevational Gradient in La Paz Valley, La Paz, Bolivia. Journal of Thermal Biology 99: 102940 - get paper here
  • Ocampo, Mauricio; Álvaro Aguilar-Kirigin, and Sebastián Quinteros 2012. A New Species of Liolaemus (Iguania: Liolaemidae) of the Alticolor Group from La Paz, Bolivia. Herpetologica 68 (3): 410-417. - get paper here
  • QUINTEROS, ANDRÉS SEBASTIÁN 2013. A morphology-based phylogeny of the Liolaemus alticolor–bibronii group (Iguania: Liolaemidae). Zootaxa 3670: 1-32 - get paper here
  • Quinteros, Andrés Sebastián; Pablo Valladares, Romina Semham, José Luis Acosta, Sebastián Barrionuevo, and Cristian Simón Abdala 2014. A New Species of Liolaemus (Iguania: Liolaemidae) of the alticolor-bibronii Group from Northern Chile. South American J. Herp. 9 (1): 20-29. - get paper here
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