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Liolaemus bellii GRAY, 1845

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLiolaemus Bellii GRAY 1845: 212
Proctotretus modestus PHILIPPI 1860: 166 (fide ORTIZ & NÚÑEZ 1986)
Liolaemus altissimus altissimus MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1932: 197
Liolaemus bellii altissimus — VANZOLINI 1986: 12
Liolaemus bellii — SCHULTE et al. 2000
Liolaemus (Liolaemus) bellii — PINCHEIRA-DONOSO & NÚÑEZ 2005: 178
Liolaemus bellii — PYRON 2017 

Type locality: San Francisco River, 2700 m, nearby Cerro El Plomo, Los Andes range of Santiago, Metropolitan Region, Chile.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH xxii.80a (renumbered 1946.8.12.29).
Lectotype: ZMB 5350, paralectotypes: ZMB 70546–47, designated by Troncoso-Palacios & Marambio-Alfaro 2021 [Proctotretus modestus] 
CommentSynonymy: Leiolaemus Bellii [sic] GRAY 1845 has been synonymized with Liolaemus bibronii and L. bellii neuquensis called L. altissimus neuquensis in PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 180. MÜLLER and HELLMICH (1933) considered Proctotretus modestus (PHILIPPI 1860) as a synonym of Liolaemus altissimus. Liolaemus bellii moradoensis HELLMICH 1950 has been elevated to full species status.

Distribution: not listed for Argentina fide AVILA et al. 2010, Lista de las lagartijas y anfisbaenas de Argentina. Reports from Argentina are most likely based on L. neuquensis and L. araucaniensis which were considered as subspecies of L. bellii previously.

Taxonomy: Liolaemus bellii araucaniensis MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1932 and Liolaemus (bellii) neuquensis have been elevated to full species status. 
EtymologyNamed after Thomas Bell (1792 – 1880), British zoologist. 
  • Avila, L. J.; Martinez, L. E.; Morando, M. 2010. Lista de las lagartijas y anfisbaenas de Argentina: una actualización [en línea]. Ver.1.0. 1 Diciembre 2010 [Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: An update]. Centro Nacional Patagónico CENPAT-CONICET. Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cei, J.M. & Videla, F. 2003. A new species of Liolaemus lacking precloacal pores in males from the Andean south-eastern mountains of Mendoza Province, Argentina (Liolaemidae, Iguania, Lacertilia, Reptilia). Boll. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino 20: 275-290
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Guía de Campo - Reptiles del centro sure de Chile. Corporación Chilena de la Madera, Concepción, Chile 187 pp. - get paper here
  • GERMÁN ORTIZ SILVA. 2021. Registro de depredación de Liolaemus bellii Gray 1845 (Squamata, Liolaemidae) sobre Liolaemus monticola Müller & Hellmich 1932 (Squamata, Liolaemidae. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 8: 94. - get paper here
  • Hellmich,W. 1950. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna Chiles XIII. Die Eidechsen der Ausbeute Schröder (Gattung Liolaemus, Iguan.). Veröff. Zool. Staatssammlung München 1: 129-194 - get paper here
  • Labra, A., S. Beltrán & H.M. Niemeyer 2001. Chemical Exploratory Behavior in the Lizard Liolaemus bellii Journal of Herpetology 35 (1): 51-55. - get paper here
  • Lobo, F.; Espinoza, R.E. and S. Quinteros 2010. A critical review and systematic discussion of recent classification proposals for liolaemid lizards. Zootaxa 2549: 1–30 - get paper here
  • Müller, Lorenz & Hellmich, Walter 1932. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna Chiles. III. Liolaemus altissimus altissimus, Liolaemus altissimus araucaniensis. Zool. Anz. 98 (7/8): 197-208
  • Müller, Lorenz & Hellmich, Walter 1939. Liolaemus-Arten aus dem westlichen Argentinien. II. Über eine neue Liolaemus altissimus - Rasse vom Volcán Copahue. Zool. Anz. 125 (5/6): 113-119
  • Ortíz Silva, Germán 2021. Registro de depredación de Liolaemus bellii Gray 1845 (Squamata, Liolaemidae) sobre Liolaemus monticola Müller & Hellmich 1932 (Squamata, Liolaemidae). Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 8: 94. PDF - get paper here
  • Ortiz, J. C.; Nunez, H. 1986. Catalogo critico de los tipos de reptiles conservados en el museo nacional de historia natural Santiago, Chile. Publicacion Ocasional de Museo Nacional de Historia Natural 43: 1-23
  • Philippi, R.A. 1860. Reise durch die Wüste Atacama, auf Befehl der chilenischen Regierung im Sommer 1853-1854. Halle, Eduard Anton, ix + 192 pp. - get paper here
  • PINCHEIRA-DONOSO, Daniel & HERMAN NÚÑEZ 2005. The Chilean species of the genus Liolaemus Wiegmann, 1834 (Iguania, Tropiduridae, Liolaeminae). Taxonomy, systematics and evolution [in Spanish] Mus Nac Hist Nat Chile Publ Ocas 59: 1-486 - get paper here
  • PINCHEIRA-DONOSO, DANIEL & J. ALEJANDRO SCOLARO 2007. Iguanian species-richness in the Andes of boreal Patagonia: Evidence for an additional new Liolaemus lizard from Argentina lacking precloacal glands (Iguania, Liolaeminae). Zootaxa 1452: 55-68 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander 2017. Novel Approaches for Phylogenetic Inference from Morphological Data and Total-Evidence Dating in Squamate Reptiles (Lizards, Snakes, and Amphisbaenians) Syst. Biol. 66 (1): 38–56 - get paper here
  • Santoyo-Brito, Enrique, Stanley Fox and Herman Núñez. 2014. Liolaemus bellii (dusky lizard) predation. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 130-131 - get paper here
  • SCHULTE II, JAMES A.; J. ROBERT MACEY, ROBERT E. ESPINOZA AND ALLAN LARSON 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in the iguanid lizard genus Liolaemus: multiple origins of viviparous reproduction and evidence for recurring Andean vicariance and dispersal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 75–102 - get paper here
  • Troncoso-Palacios J, Elorza AA, Puas GI, Alfaro-Pardo E 2016. A new species of Liolaemus related to L. nigroviridis from the Andean highlands of Central Chile (Iguania, Liolaemidae). ZooKeys 555: 91-114, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.555.6011 - get paper here
  • Troncoso-Palacios, Jaime; Yery Marambio-Alfaro 2021. Nomenclature and taxonomic status of the lizards listed by Philippi (1860) (Squamata: Liolaemidae, Teiidae and Tropiduridae). Cuadernos de Herpetología 35 (S1): 175-192
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