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Liolaemus casamiquelai AVILA, PEREZ, MORANDO & SITES, 2010

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLiolaemus casamiquelai AVILA, FULVIO PEREZ, MORANDO & SITES 2010 
DistributionArgentina (Río Negro)

Type locality: along the south side of Ruta Nacional 23, 14 km W Aguada de Guerra (41º 09’ S, 68º 30’ W, 866 m, Fig. 5), 25 de Mayo Department, Río Negro province, Argentina.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MACN 39042, an adult male collected 27 November 2000, by L. J. Avila, and C. H. F. Perez. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Liolaemus casamiquelai is a robust and medium sized member of the clade of Liolaemus referred to as the boulengeri group by Etheridge (1995), and is a member of the Liolaemus melanops complex that includes L. canqueli, L. goetschi, L. martorii, L. melanops, L. morenoi, and several other candidate species still in need of detailed morphological study (Morando 2004; Avila et al. 2006a). Liolaemus casamiquelai can be distinguished from all other species of its group of Liolaemus by a combination of characteristics: its larger size, stout body, intense melanic venter, lack of melanic head, and bright green dorsal coloration with a pattern of transversal irregular black stripes (Figs. 1, 2, 3). Liolaemus casamiquelai differs from L. canqueli and L. melanops in lacking a dark brown or black hood on the head in adults of either sex, and from L. goestchi and L. martorii in lacking large, black pre-and postcapular spots and these species are smaller. Liolaemus casamiquelai differs from L. morenoi in having a green background color with transverse black bands rather than a dorsal background color of light tan with brown spots or wavy with white posterior borders. 
EtymologyTo honor Rodolfo Magín Casamiquela, a recently deceased vertebrate paleontologist and anthropologist, born in Ingeniero Jacobacci (formerly Huahuel Niyeu) in 1932, a small town very close to L. casamiquelai type locality. R. M. Casamiquela was a researcher (retired) of Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas of Argentina (CONICET), and developed a large and prolific scientific and cultural literature ranging from amphibians fossils to historic tales of Patagonia. 
  • ABDALA C. S., R. V. SEMHAN, D. L. MORENO AZOCAR, M. BONINO, M. M. PAZ & F. CRUZ 2012. Taxonomic study and morphology based phylogeny of the patagonic clade Liolaemus melanops group (Iguania: Liolaemidae), with the description of three new taxa. Zootaxa 3163: 1–32 - get paper here
  • ABDALA, CRISTIAN SIMÓN; JUAN MANUEL DÍAZ GÓMEZ & VIVIANA ISABEL JUAREZ HEREDIA 2012. From the far reaches of Patagonia: new phylogenetic analyses and description of two new species of the Liolaemus fitzingerii clade (Iguania: Liolaemidae). Zootaxa 3301: 34–60 - get paper here
  • Avila, L.J.; Fulvio Perez, C.H.; Morando, M. & Sites, J.W. 2010. A new species of Liolaemus (Reptilia: Squamata) from southwestern Rio Negro province, northern Patagonia, Argentina. Zootaxa 2434: 47–59 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Grummer, J. A., Morando, M. M., Avila, L. J., Sites Jr., J. W., & Leaché, A. D. 2018. Phylogenomic evidence for a recent and rapid radiation of lizards in the Patagonian Liolaemus fitzingerii species group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Perez, C.H.F.; N. Frutos; M. Kozykariski; M. Morando; D.R. Perez; L.J. Avila. 2011. Lizards of Rio Negro Province, northern Patagonia, Argentina. Check List 7 (3): 202-219 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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