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Liolaemus kriegi MÜLLER & HELLMICH, 1939

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Krieg's Tree Iguana 
SynonymLiolaemus kriegi MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1939: 44
Liolaemus kriegi — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 183
Liolaemus ceii DONOSO-BARROS 1971
Liolaemus ceii — SCHULTE et al. 2000
Liolaemus kriegi — AVILA et al. 2004
Liolaemus ceii — SCROCCHI et al. 2010: 85
Liolaemus kriegi — TRONCOSO-PALACIOS et al. 2014 
DistributionS Argentina (Neuquén, Rio Negro)

Type locality: Estancia El Cóndor, Bariloche, Argentina

ceii: Argentina; Type locality: Argentina, Neuquen, Lonco Luan Plateau, 1550 m  
TypesHolotype: ZSM 137/1938
Holotype: IBAUNC 452 (Inst. Biol. Anim. Univ. de Cuyo) [ceii] 
CommentSynonymy: Morando et al. (2003) suggested to synonymize Liolaemus ceii with Liolaemus kriegi, which was confirmed by TRONCOSO-PALACIOS et al. 2014.

Group: Belongs to the Liolaemus elongatus-kriegi group (fide ESPINOZA et al. 2000 and AVILA et al. 2003). See entry of Liolaemus punmahuida for differential diagnosis. For a phylogenetic analysis of the L. kriegi complex see Medina et al. 2018. According to Troncoso-Palacios & Ramírez-Álvarez (2021) the kriegi group includes L. buergeri, kriegi, tregenzai, and zabalai.

Distribution: not in Chile fide D. Pincheira-Donoso, pers. comm., 23 May 2017). Not listed as valid member of Chilean Liolaemus by Demangel 2016, although it was reported from Chile (Curico, Chubut, Rio Negro [HR 32: 65]).

LOBO (2001) suggests the following monophyletic species groups within Liolaemus: alticolor, altissimus, gravenhorstii, hellmichi, kriegi, leopardinus, monticola, nigromaculatus, nigroviridis, pictus and tenuis.

NCBI tax ID: 109442 [ceii] 
EtymologyNamed after Professor Dr. Hans Krieg (1888-1970), German physician, ethnographer, anthropologist, and zoologist. He was Director, Zoological Gardens, Munich (1927-1945). He travelled to South America several times between 1925 to 1938. 
  • AVILA, L. J. & MORANDO, M. & PEREZ, C. H. F. & SITES, J. W. 2004. New records and natural history notes of lizards of the genus Liolaemus in northern Patagonia [Short Note]. Herpetozoa 17: - get paper here
  • Avila, L.J.; Morando, M.; Perez, D.R. & Sites Jr., J.W. 2010. A new species of the Liolaemus elongatus clade (Reptilia: Iguania: Liolaemini) from Cordillera del Viento, northwestern Patagonia, Neuquén, Argentina. Zootaxa 2667: 28–42 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238 - get paper here
  • Avila,L.J.; Perez, C.H.F. & Morando,M. 2003. A new species of Liolaemus (Squamata: Iguania: Liolaemidae) from Northwestern Patagonia (Neuquén, Argentina). Herpetologica 59 (4): 534–545 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cruz,F.B., Schulte, J.B. & Bellagamba,P. 1999. New distributional records and natural history notes for reptiles from Southern Argentina. Herpetological Review 30 (3): 182 - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1971. A new Liolaemus from Neuquen (Argentina). Herpetologica 27: 49-51 - get paper here
  • Lobo, Fernando 2001. A Phylogenetic Analysis of Lizards of the Liolaemus chiliensis Group (Iguania: Tropiduridae). The Herpetological Journal 11 (4):137-150 - get paper here
  • Medina, C. D., Avila, L. J., Sites, J. W., Santos, J., & Morando, M. 2018. Alternative methods of phylogenetic inference for the Patagonian lizard group Liolaemus elongatus-kriegi (Iguania: Liolaemini) based on mitochondrial and nuclear markers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 120, 158–169 - get paper here
  • Medina, Cintia D.; Luciano J. Avila, Jack W. Sites Jr and Mariana Morando 2014. Multilocus phylogeography of the Patagonian lizard complex Liolaemus kriegi (Iguania: Liolaemini). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12285 - get paper here
  • Medina, Cintia D.; Luciano J. Avila, Jack W. Sites, and Mariana Morando 2015. Molecular Phylogeny of the Liolaemus kriegi Complex (Iguania, Liolaemini). Herpetologica Jun 2015, Vol. 71, No. 2: 143-151. - get paper here
  • Minoli I, Morando M, Avila LJ 2015. Reptiles of Chubut province, Argentina: richness, diversity, conservation status and geographic distribution maps. ZooKeys 498: 103-126. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.498.7476 - get paper here
  • Monachesi, Mario Ricardo Ruiz 2017. Chemical recognition of the prey in Liolaemus ceii (Donoso-Barros, 1971). Herpetology Notes 10: 327-328 - get paper here
  • Morando, M., L. J. Avila, and J. W. Sites Jr. 2003. Sampling strategies for delimiting species: genes, individuals, and populations in the Liolaemus elongatus-kriegi complex (Squamata: Liolaemidae) in Andean-Patagonian South America. Systematic Biology 52: 159–185. - get paper here
  • Müller, Lorenz & Hellmich, Walter 1939. Liolaemus-Arten aus dem westlichen Argentinien. Zool. Anz. 127: 44-47
  • Perez, C.H.F.; N. Frutos; M. Kozykariski; M. Morando; D.R. Perez; L.J. Avila. 2011. Lizards of Rio Negro Province, northern Patagonia, Argentina. Check List 7 (3): 202-219 - get paper here
  • SCHULTE II, JAMES A.; J. ROBERT MACEY, ROBERT E. ESPINOZA AND ALLAN LARSON 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in the iguanid lizard genus Liolaemus: multiple origins of viviparous reproduction and evidence for recurring Andean vicariance and dispersal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 75–102 - get paper here
  • Scrocchi, Gustavo J.; Cristian S. Abdala,Javier Nori, Hussam Zaher 2010. Reptiles de la provincia de Río Negro, Argentina. Fondo Ed. Rionegrino, 249 pp.
  • Troncoso-Palacios J. & Diego Ramírez-Álvarez 2021. DESCRIPTION OF A NEW SPECIES OF THE LIOLAEMUS ELONGATUS GROUP FROM THE ANDES OF CENTRAL CHILE (IGUANIA: LIOLAEMIDAE). Revista Latinoamericana de Herpetología 4 (1): 148-163 - get paper here
  • Tulli, M.J.; F.B. Cruz, A. Herrel, B. Vanhooydonck, V. Abdala 2009. The interplay between claw morphology and microhabitat use in neotropical iguanian lizards. Zoology 112 (5): 379-392 - get paper here
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