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Liolaemus leftrarui TRONCOSO-PALACIOS, DIAZ, PUAS & RIVEROS-RIFFO & ELORZA, 2016

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Leftraru`s Lizard
S: Lagarto de Leftraru 
SynonymLiolaemus leftrarui TRONCOSO-PALACIOS, DIAZ, PUAS & RIVEROS-RIFFO & ELORZA 2016 
DistributionChile (Araucanía Region)

Type locality: Laguna Verde (38°12'S - 71°44'W, elevation 1405 m), approximately 13.5 km NW of the summit of the Tolhuaca volcano, Araucanía Region, Chile Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
 
ReproductionVivparous. Females collected in January had several small oocytes but a female collected in September carried one embryo. 
TypesHolotype. SSUC Re 646 (Fig. 6a, b). Male.. Collected by J. Troncoso-Palacios, F. Urra and H. Díaz. January 5, 2014.
Paratypes. SSUC Re 647–48, 716 (Fig. 6). Three females. Same data as the holo- type. SSUC Re 732–734. Two males and one female. Near Lagunillas, Araucanía Re- gion, Chile (38°12'S - 71°46'W, 1483 masl), approximately 4 km NW from the type locality. Collected by J. Troncoso-Palacios & E. Villarroel. September, 2016. 
CommentSympatry: Liolaemus leftrarui was found in syntopy with L. septentrionalis, L. tenuis, L. janequeoae and Pristidactylus torquatus at the type locality. Near Lagunillas it was found in syntopy with L. septentrionalis and L. tenuis. In this zone the presence of Tachymenis chilensis was also recorded.

Diet: insects 
EtymologyThis species is named after Leftraru, the most prominent Lonko (tribal chief) of the Mapuche people, who fought against colonial Spaniards in the Arauco war, carried out mainly in the Araucanía Region where we discovered Liolaemus leftrarui. He was captured when he was eleven by Pedro de Valdivia (Governor of the Kingdom of Chile) and became his personal servant. He learned the military strategy of the Spanish and then escaped. Later, he ambushed and killed Valdivia, and won the most remark- able victories over the Spaniards. Finally, he was surrounded and died in battle. 
References
  • Troncoso-Palacios J, Diaz HA, Puas GI, Riveros-Riffo E, Elorza AA 2016. Two new Liolaemus lizards from the Andean highlands of Southern Chile (Squamata, Iguania, Liolaemidae). ZooKeys 632: 121-146 - get paper here
 
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