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Liolaemus lemniscatus GRAVENHORST, 1838

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Wreath Tree Iguana 
SynonymLiolaemus lemniscatus GRAVENHORST 1838: 731
Liolaemus hieroglyphicus GRAVENHORST 1838: 732
Proctotretus mosaicus — HOMBRON & JACQUINOT 1847: plate 2
Proctotretus femoratus — GIRARD 1855: 227
Ptychodeira femorata — GIRARD 1858: 344
Ptychodeira mosaica — GIRARD 1858: 349
Liolaemus femoratus — STEINDACHNER 1867: 37
Liolaemus lemniscatus — BOULENGER 1885: 143
Liolaemus elegans
Liolaemus lemniscatus — SCHULTE et al. 2000
Liolaemus (Liolaemus) lemniscatus — PINCHEIRA-DONOSO & NÚÑEZ 2005: 220 
DistributionChile (Coquimbo to Cautin), Argentina (Patagonia)

Type locality: "Valparaiso".

hieroglyphicus: Type locality: “Cauquenes” (in the current Maule region, Chile).  
TypesHolotype: MNHW = UWZM = MNHUW Re 0027, female (Natural History Museum of the University of Wroclaw), formerly Zoologisches Museum Breslau
Syntype: USNM 5525 [Proctotretus femoratus]
Holotype: MNHUW 1322, probably female [hieroglyphicus] 
CommentSynonymy after Peters et al. 1970 and BOULENGER 1885. According to Borczyk & Skawiński 2019, Liolaemus hieroglyphicus is not synonymous with L. signifer, L. chiliensis or L. lemniscatus. It is similar to L. cyanogaster and L. schroederi (particularly the latter), but at present cannot be unambiguously synonymised with any of these. Hence, these authors regard it as a species inquirenda.

Type locality: "Valparaiso".

Original description: “The dorsal scales form 25 rows and the belly scales 33 rows. Forehead with six pairs of con- secutive enlarged scales. Drawing: Above warts light brown, with a black spot above the upper arm and on the sides with two long white lines and two rows of black and brown spots” (Gravenhorst 1838: 73; cited after Borczyk 2013). 
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238 - get paper here
  • Borczyk B, Skawiński T. 2019. Tracking down the lizards from Gravenhorst's collection at the University of Wrocław: type specimens of Callopistes maculatus Gravenhorst, 1838 and three Liolaemus species rediscovered. PeerJ 7:e6525 - get paper here
  • Borczyk, Bartosz 2013. Rediscovery and redescription of the holotype of Liolaemus lemniscatus Gravenhorst, 1838 (Reptilia, Squamata, Liolaemidae). ZooKeys 320: 97–101 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Castro-Pastene, Carlos; Héctor Carrasco & Jaime Troncoso-Palacios. 2015. Lagartijas y serpientes del Parque Nacional Radal Siete Tazas. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 2: 12-16 - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Guía de Campo - Reptiles del centro sure de Chile. Corporación Chilena de la Madera, Concepción, Chile 187 pp. - get paper here
  • Gagliardi, Jorge et al. 2016. Fotografías herpetológicas. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 3: 40-52. PDF - get paper here
  • Girard, C. 1855. Abstract of a report to Lieut. James M. Gilliss, U.S.N., upon the reptiles collected during the U.S.N. Astronomical Expedition to Chili. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7 [1854]: 226-227. - get paper here
  • Girard, Charles F. 1858. United States Exploring Expedition during the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, Under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Vol. 20. Herpetology. C. Sherman & Son, Philadelphia, xv, 492 pages [see note in Zhao and Adler 1993: 369] - get paper here
  • González-Candia, Francisco J. 2018. Estimación preliminar de las poblaciones simpátricas de tres especies de lagartos del género Liolaemus(Squamata: Liolaemidae) en un ambiente fragmentado del litoral central de Chile. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 5: 6-11 - get paper here
  • González-Candia, Francisco J. 2019. Descripción del ensamble de reptiles presentes en el parque comunitario El Panul, precordillera de los Andes, Santiago, Chile. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 6: 34-38 - get paper here
  • Gravenhorst, J. L. C. 1838. Beiträge zur genaueren Kenntniss einiger Eidechsengattungen. Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. 18: 712-784 [1837]
  • Jacquinot, H. & Guichenot, A. 1853. Reptiles et poissons. In: HOMBRON & JACQUINOT, Zoologie 3, in: Dumont d’Urville, Voyage au Pole Sud et dans l’Océanie sur les corvettes l’Astrolabe et la Zélée, ... Gide & J. Baudry, Paris, 56 pp. [According to Sherborn & Woodward (1901), the text is dated as 1846-1854; but Plate 2 of the Sauriens appeared in 1842 fide Clark & Crosnier 2000] - get paper here
  • Koslowsky,J. 1896. Sobre algunos reptiles de Patagonia y otras regiones argentinas. Revista Mus. La Plata 7: 447-457 - get paper here
  • Labra, A.; Carazo, P.; Desfilis, E. & Font, E. 2007. Agonistic interactions in a Liolaemus lizard: structure of head bob displays. Herpetologica 63 (1): 11-18 - get paper here
  • Lamborot M. & ORTIZ J C. 1991. Liolaemus pseudolemnicatus, a new species of lizard from north Chico Chile (Sauria: Tropiduridae) [in Spanish]. GAYANA ZOOLOGIA (1990) 54 [1990] (3-4): 135-142. - get paper here
  • MARTINEZ, LORENA ELIZABETH; LUCIANO JAVIER AVILA, CRISTIAN HERNAN FULVIO PEREZ, DANIEL ROBERTO PEREZ, JACK W. SITES, JR. & MARIANA MORANDO 2011. A new species of Liolaemus (Squamata, Iguania, Liolaemini) endemic to the Auca Mahuida volcano, northwestern Patagonia, Argentina. Zootaxa 3010: 31–46 - get paper here
  • Mella-Ávila, Jorge E. & Jorge Mella-Romero. 2020. Riqueza y abundancia de reptiles en un gradiente altitudinal en la Cordillera de Los Andes (36° S) de Chile y Argentina. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 7: 34-41 - get paper here
  • Mora, Marta and Antonieta Labra 2017. The Response of Two Liolaemus Lizard Species to Ash from Fire and Volcanism. Journal of Herpetology 51 (3): 388 - get paper here
  • MÜLLER, J. 1994. Zur besseren Kenntnis des Gestreiften Erdleguans Liolaemus lemniscatus GRAVENHORST, 1830. Sauria 16 (1): 35-38 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • PINCHEIRA-DONOSO, Daniel & HERMAN NÚÑEZ 2005. The Chilean species of the genus Liolaemus Wiegmann, 1834 (Iguania, Tropiduridae, Liolaeminae). Taxonomy, systematics and evolution [in Spanish] Mus Nac Hist Nat Chile Publ Ocas 59: 1-486 - get paper here
  • Quinteros, Andrés Sebastián 2012. Taxonomy of the Liolaemus alticolor–bibronii Group (Iguania: Liolaemidae), with Descriptions of Two New Species. Herpetologica 68 (1): 100-120 - get paper here
  • QUINTEROS, ANDRÉS SEBASTIÁN 2013. A morphology-based phylogeny of the Liolaemus alticolor–bibronii group (Iguania: Liolaemidae). Zootaxa 3670: 1-32 - get paper here
  • SCHULTE II, JAMES A.; J. ROBERT MACEY, ROBERT E. ESPINOZA AND ALLAN LARSON 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in the iguanid lizard genus Liolaemus: multiple origins of viviparous reproduction and evidence for recurring Andean vicariance and dispersal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 75–102 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Tomaz-Carreño, André & Tania Hornauer-Hughes. 2016. Registro de la conducta de apareamiento de Liolaemus lemniscatus Gravenhorst 1838 (Squamata, Liolaemidae). Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 3: 32. PDF - get paper here
  • Troncoso-Palacios, J. 2011. Liolaemus pseudolemniscatus Lamborot and Ortiz, 1990 (Squamata: Liolaemidae): Distribution extension in Central Chile. Check List 7 (6): 849-851 - get paper here
  • Uribe, Sandra V and Cristián F Estades 2014. Reptiles in Monterey pine plantations of the Coastal Range of Central Chile. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 2014, 87:25 - get paper here
  • Victoriano, P.F.; Ortiz, J.C.; Benavides, E.; Adams, B.J. & Sites, J.W. 2008. Comparative phylogeography of codistributed species of Chilean Liolaemus (Squamata: Tropiduridae) from the central-southern Andean range. Molecular Ecology 17: 2397–2416 - get paper here
  • Zúñiga, Alfredo H.; Víctor Fuenzalida & Rodolfo Sandoval. 2016. Uso del espacio por parte de lagartijas simpátridas del género Liolaemus (Squamata, Liolaemidae) en un ambiente fragmentado del Sur de Chile. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 3: 1-3. PDF - get paper here
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