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Liolaemus occipitalis BOULENGER, 1885

IUCN Red List - Liolaemus occipitalis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSkull Tree Iguana 
SynonymLiolaemus occipitalis BOULENGER 1885: 192
Liolaemus occipitalis — BOULENGER 1886: 426
Liolaemus glieschi AHL 1925 (fide MERTENS 1938)
Liolaemus occipitalis — MERTENS 1938: 221
Liolaemus (Ortholaemus) occipitalis — LAURENT 1984: 370
Liolaemus occipitalis — ETHERIDGE 2000: 301
Liolaemus (Eulaemus) occipitalis — SCHULTE et al. 2000 
DistributionBrazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Uruguay

Type locality: near the city of Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Type locality: on the beach of Torres, in northeastern Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (gleischi). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
ReproductionOviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 85.2.3.4 (RR 1946.8.10.50)
Holotype: ZMB 27894 (gleischi) 
CommentBelongs to the wiegmanni group of Liolaemus.

The largest female was 59.6 mm in snout-vent length, and the largest male was 69.3 mm. Males and females also presented differences in ventral and dorsal color pattern, and in the presence of pre-cloacal pores (VERRASTRO 2004). 
References
  • Ahl,E. 1925. Neue Iguaniden aus dem Zoologischen Museum Berlin. Zool. Anz. 62: 85-88
  • Avila, L.J.; Morando, M.; Perez, D.R. & Sites, J.W. 2009. A new species of Liolaemus from Añelo sand dunes, northern Patagonia, Neuquén, Argentina, and molecular phylogenetic relationships of the Liolaemus wiegmannii species group (Squamata, Iguania, Liolaemini). Zootaxa 2234: 39–55 - get paper here
  • Böhler, E. & P. Müller 1970. Bemerkungen zur Variabilität von Liolaemus occipitalis Salamandra 6 (3-4): 130-131 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1885. A list of reptiles and Batrachians from the Province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, sent to the Natural-History Museum by Dr. H. von Ihering. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 15 (87): 191-196 - get paper here
  • Carreira, S.; Brazeiro, A.; Camargo, A.; da Rosa, I.; Canavero, A. & Maneyro, M. 2012. DIVERSITY OF REPTILES OF URUGUAY: KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION GAPS. Bol. Soc. Zool. Uruguay (2a época) 21 (1-2): 9-29 - get paper here
  • Etheridge, R. 2000. A review of lizards of the Liolaemus wiegmannii group (Squamata, Iguania, Tropiduridae), and a history of morphological change in the sand-dwelling species. Herpetological Monographs 14: 293-352 - get paper here
  • Laurent,R.F. 1984. On some iguanid genera related to or previously confused with Liolaemus WIEGMANN. Journal of Herpetology 18 (4): 357-373 - get paper here
  • Martins, Laís S.; Laura Verrastro, and Alexandro M. Tozetti 2014. The Influences of Habitat on Body Temperature Control in a Southern Population of Liolaemus Occipitalis (Boulenger, 1885) in Brazil. South American J. Herp. 9 (1): 9-13. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1938. Bemerkungen über die brasilianischen Arten der Gattung Liolaemus. Zool. Anz. 123: 220-222
  • Michaud, E. J. and J. R. Dixon. 1989. Prey items of 20 species of the Neotropical colubrid snake genus Liophis. Herpetological Review 20 (2): 39-41 - get paper here
  • Müller, P. 1975. Zum Vorkommen von Liolaemus occipitalis im Staat von Santa Catarina (Brasilien) (Sauria, Iguanidae) Salamandra 11 (1): 57-59 - get paper here
  • Müller, P. & Steiniger, H. 1978. Karyotyp und Chromosomensatz von Liolaemus occipitalis und Liolaemus wiegmanni. Salamandra 14 (4): 215 - get paper here
  • SCHULTE II, JAMES A.; J. ROBERT MACEY, ROBERT E. ESPINOZA AND ALLAN LARSON 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in the iguanid lizard genus Liolaemus: multiple origins of viviparous reproduction and evidence for recurring Andean vicariance and dispersal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 75–102 - get paper here
  • Verrastro, L. 2004. Sexual dimorphism in Liolaemus occipitalis (Iguania, Tropiduridae). Iheringia Sér. Zool., 94 (1): 45-48 - get paper here
  • Verrastro, L.; Veronese, L.; Bujes, C. Martins Fias Filho, M. 2003. New species of Liolaemus from Southern Brazil (Iguania: Tropiduridae). Herpetologica 59 (1): 105-118 - get paper here
  • Verrastro, Laura & Rita C. Rauber 2013. REPRODUCCIÓN DE LAS HEMBRAS DE LIOLAEMUS OCCIPITALIS BOULENGER, 1885, (IGUANIA, LIOLAEMIDAE) EN LA REGIÓN SUR DE BRASIL. Bol. Soc. Zool. Uruguay 22 (2): 84-98 - get paper here
  • VERRASTRO, LAURA; RAÚL MANEYRO, CAROLINE M. DA SILVA, IRAIA FARIAS 2017. A new species of lizard of the L. wiegmannii group (Iguania: Liolaemidae) from the Uruguayan Savanna. Zootaxa 4294 (4): 443–461 - get paper here
 
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