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Liolaemus somuncurae CEI & SCOLARO, 1981

IUCN Red List - Liolaemus somuncurae - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLiolaemus kingi somuncurae CEI & SCOLARO 1981
Liolaemus somuncurae — CEI & SCOLARO 1996
Liolaemus (Eulaemus) somuncurae — SCHULTE et al. 2000
Liolaemus uptoni SCOLARO & CEI 2006
Liolaemus somuncurae — SCROCCHI et al. 2010: 156
Liolaemus somuncurae — SÁNCHEZ et al. 2024 
DistributionArgentina (Meseta de Somuncura, Rio Negro, Chubut)

Type locality: "Meseta de Somuncurá, near Lago Raimundo, 1400 m elevation, Rio Negro Province, Argentina".

uptoni: Argentina (Patagonia: Chubut), elevation 800 m; Type locality: in open steppe zone with abundance of sandy eolic deposits; Bajada del Buey (42º23'46" S; 68º57'56" W; 815 m asl), west of Pampa de Sacanana, Provincial Road 4, Km 360, Chubut Province, Argentina.  
TypesHolotype: MZUF No. 23821.
Holotype: MACN 38742, adult male. Collected by J.A. Scolaro and J.A. Upton, 10 April 1997. Paratypes: MACN-38743, adult male; MACN-38744, adult female, MACN-38745, adult female [uptoni] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (uptoni): Liolaemus uptoni differs from other Liolaemus species for its coloration and lepidosis, being close to Liolaemus somuncurae belonging to kingii group. Its lepidosis shows a dorsal pattern of paravertebral lighter scales, notoriously keeled and larger than in L. somuncurae. The black parietal pileus is more accentuated. Ventral melanism is moderate, with a reticulate pattern of spots and pigment blots more expanded and confluent on a medial line, and semicircular black bands over the cloacal region. Hindlimbs are long, reaching the antehumeral region in females but exceeding it in males: a character which does not occur in L. somuncurae. (Scolaro & Cei 2006). 
CommentGroup: kingii group.

Distribution: not in Chile (S Patagonia) (D. Pincheira-Donoso, pers. comm., 23 May 2017).

Synonymy: SÁNCHEZ et al. 2024 synonymized L. uptoni with L. somuncurae.

Habitat: Liolaemus uptoni was found under isolated bushes present on sandy grounds and eroded slopes at Bajada del Buey, and west of Pampa de Sacanana, Chubut.

NCBI taxID: 971284 [uptoni] 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality.

L. uptoni was named after a late friend and collaborator of the authors, Jorge Arturo Upton. 
  • Avila, L.J.; Frutos, N.; Perez, C.H.F. & Morando, M. 2007. Reptilia, Iguania, Liolaemidae, Liolaemus somuncurae: Distribution extension. Check List 3 (1): 11-13 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • BREITMAN, M. F. & FRUTOS, N. & KOZYKARISKI, M. & MORANDO, M. L. & AVILA, L. J. 2010. Liolaemus somuncurae CEI & SCOLARO, 1981 new to the Province of Chubut, Patagonia, Argentina. Herpetozoa 23 (1/2): 81- 82 - get paper here
  • Breitman, M. Florencia; , Luciano J. Avila, Jack W. Sites Jr., and Mariana Morando 2011. Lizards from the end of the world: Phylogenetic relationships of the Liolaemus lineomaculatus section (Squamata: Iguania: Liolaemini). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (2): 364-376 - get paper here
  • Breitman, María Florencia; Mariana Morando and Luciano Javier Avila 2013. Past and present taxonomy of the Liolaemus lineomaculatus section (Liolaemidae): is the morphological arrangement hypothesis valid? Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 168 (3): 612–668 - get paper here
  • Cei J M. Scolaro J A. 1996. A new species of Liolaemus of the archeforus group from the precordilleran valley of the Zeballos river, Santa Cruz Province, Argentina (Reptilia, Tropiduridae). Boll. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino 14 (2): 389-401
  • Cei, J. M. 1985. Notas sobre especies de Liolaemus de la meseta Somuncura, Río Negro, y rectificación de los numeros museológicos de los tipos de Liolaemus kingi somuncurae. Bol. Asoc. Herp. Argentina 2 (1-3): 15-16 - get paper here
  • Cei,J.M. & SCOLARO,J.A. 1981. A new northern subspecies of Liolaemus kingi in Argentina. Journal of Herpetology 15 (2): 207-210 - get paper here
  • Minoli I, Morando M, Avila LJ 2015. Reptiles of Chubut province, Argentina: richness, diversity, conservation status and geographic distribution maps. ZooKeys 498: 103-126. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.498.7476 - get paper here
  • Perez, C.H.F.; N. Frutos; M. Kozykariski; M. Morando; D.R. Perez; L.J. Avila. 2011. Lizards of Rio Negro Province, northern Patagonia, Argentina. Check List 7 (3): 202-219 - get paper here
  • Sánchez, Kevin I.; Hans Recknagel, Kathryn R. Elmer, Luciano J. Avila and Mariana Morando 2024. Tracing evolutionary trajectories in the presence of gene flow in South American temperate lizards (Squamata: Liolaemus kingii group). Evolution qpae009 - get paper here
  • SCHULTE II, JAMES A.; J. ROBERT MACEY, ROBERT E. ESPINOZA AND ALLAN LARSON 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in the iguanid lizard genus Liolaemus: multiple origins of viviparous reproduction and evidence for recurring Andean vicariance and dispersal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 75–102 - get paper here
  • SCOLARO,J.A. & J.M. CEI 2006. A new species of Liolaemus from central steppes of Chubut, Patagonia Argentina (Reptilia: Iguania: Iguanidae). Zootaxa 1133: 61-68 - get paper here
  • Scolaro,J.A. & Cei,J.M. 1987. A multivariate analysis of morphometric and exosomatic characters of Iguanid lizards of the Patagonian Liolaemus kingi complex. Journal of Herpetology 21 (4): 343-348 - get paper here
  • Scrocchi, Gustavo J.; Cristian S. Abdala,Javier Nori, Hussam Zaher 2010. Reptiles de la provincia de Río Negro, Argentina. Fondo Ed. Rionegrino, 249 pp.
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