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Liolaemus stolzmanni (STEINDACHNER, 1891)

IUCN Red List - Liolaemus stolzmanni - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Stolzmann's Pacific Iguana, Stolzmann's lizard
S: Lagartija de Stolzmann 
SynonymCtenoblepharys stolzmanni STEINDACHNER 1891
Ctenoblepharis stolzmanni — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 104
Phrynosaura stolzmani — CARRILLO DE ESPINOZA & ICOCHEA 1995: 10
Liolaemus stolzmanni — NÚÑEZ & VELOSO 2001
Phrynosaura stolzmanni — LEHR 2002: 203
Liolaemus (Eulaemus) stolzmanni — RAMIREZ LEYTON & PINCHEIRA-DONOSO 2005: 143
Liolaemus stolzmanni — LANGSTROTH 2005
Liolaemus (Eulaemus) stolzmanni — PINCHEIRA-DONOSO 2005: 143
Liolaemus stolzmanni — PINCHEIRA-DONOSO & NÚÑEZ 2005: 121
Liolaemus stolzmanni — PINCHEIRA-DONOSO et al. 2008
Liolaemus stolzmanni — VALLADARES-FAÚNDEZ et al. 2021 
DistributionChile (Andes, Loa, vicinity of Iquique)

Type locality: emended to “Deserts of Iquique, Tarapacá Region, Chile” by LANGSTROTH 2011.  
TypesLectotype: NMW 13580:1 (designated by LANGSTROTH 2011) 
DiagnosisFor a table of basic Morphological measurements comparing L. basadrei, insolitus, poconchilensis, chiribaya, torresi, and reichei, see Valladares-Faúndez et al. 2021: 12 (Table 2). See description of L. basadrei for detailed comparisons. 
CommentSynonymy: LANGSTROTH 2011 concluded that Chilean L. reichei is a synonym of L. stolzmanni, and hence, that L. stolzmanni is a species endemic to Chile, not an element of the fauna of present-day Peru. However, most recent authors consider reichei as a valid species.

Group: The Liolaemus reichei group includes L. auditvetulaus, balagueri, reichei, insolitus, poconchilensis, torresi, chiribaya, nazca, and anqapuka -- but not stolzmanni (HUAMANI-VALDERRAMA et al. 2020). Quiroz et al. 2021 provide a key to the reichei group of species. See VALLADARES-FAÚNDEZ et al. 2021 for a phylogenetic tree of the clade.

Distribution: LANGSTROTH 2005 speculated that this species may occur in Bolivia. However, this could not be confirmed (LANGSTROTH, pers. comm. 19 April 2012). Reports from Peru actually represent L. pachecoi. The original Type locality was given as “Andes of Peru” but emended by LANGSTROTH 2011. P. reichei was reported from Chile (Antofagasta, Tarapaca), S Peru; Type locality: "Iquique". At the time of the collection of the type series (ca. 1883), Iquique was part of Peru. Reports from Peru actually represent L. poconchilensis and an undescribed from from Arequipa confused with L. insolitus (fide LANGSTROTH 2011). 
EtymologyNamed after Jean Stanislas Stolzmann (or Szrolcman) (1854-1928), a Polish zoologist who went to Peru (1871). He worked as a collector there (1875-1883). 
  • Abdala, C.S.; S. Quinteros & R.E. Espinoza 2008. Two new species of Liolaemus (iguania: Liolaemidae) from the Puna of Northwestern Argentina. Herpetologica 64 (4): 458–471 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Carrillo de Espinoza, Nelly & Icochea, Javier 1995. Lista taxonomica preliminar de los reptiles vivientes del Peru. Publicaciones del Museo de Historia Natural “Javier Prado”, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Serie A, Zoología (49): 1–27
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Díaz-Vega, Raúl Ignacio 2015. Observaciones conductuales de especies del grupo de Liolaemus montanus. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 2: 24-26 - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1958. Phrynosaura reichei WERNER 1907, una especie en extinción? Inv. Zool. Chilenas 4: 253-257
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1969. Observaciones in vivo sobre Phrynosaura reichei Werner (Sauria-Iguanidae). Boletín Sociedad de Biología de Concepción (Chile) 41: 85-87.
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Huamaní-Valderrama L, Quiroz AJ, Gutiérrez RC, Aguilar-Kirigin A, Huanca-Mamani W, Valladares-Faúndez P, Cerdeña J, Chaparro JC, Santa Cruz R, Abdala CS. 2020. Some color in the desert: description of a new species of Liolaemus (Iguania: Liolaemidae) from southern Peru, and its conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 14(3) [Taxonomy Section]: 1–30 (e250) - get paper here
  • Langstroth, R.P. 2005. Adiciones probables y confirmadas para la saurofauna boliviana. Kempffiana 1 (1): 101-128
  • Langstroth, R.P. 2011. On the species identities of a complex Liolaemus fauna from the Altiplano and Atacama Desert: insights on Liolaemus stolzmanni, L. reichei, L. jamesi pachecoi, and L. poconchilensis (Squamata: Liolaemidae). Zootaxa 2809: 20–32 - get paper here
  • Laurent,R.F. 1984. On some iguanid genera related to or previously confused with Liolaemus WIEGMANN. Journal of Herpetology 18 (4): 357-373 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Mella-Ávila, Jorge E. & Michael Venegas Ponce. 2019. Distribución, frecuencia y abundancia de reptiles en distintos ambientes de la Región de Tarapacá, norte de Chile. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 6: 23-33 - get paper here
  • Núñez, H. and A. Veloso 2001. Distribución geográfica de las especies de lagartos de la región de Antofagasta, Chile. Bol. Mus. Nac.Hist. Nat. 50: 109-120
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Pincheira-Donoso, D.; Scolara, J.A. & Sura, P. 2008. A monographic catalogue on the systematics and phylogeny of the South American iguanian lizard family Liolaemidae (Squamata, Iguania). Zootaxa 1800: 1–85 - get paper here
  • PINCHEIRA-DONOSO, Daniel & HERMAN NÚÑEZ 2005. The Chilean species of the genus Liolaemus Wiegmann, 1834 (Iguania, Tropiduridae, Liolaeminae). Taxonomy, systematics and evolution [in Spanish] Mus Nac Hist Nat Chile Publ Ocas 59: 1-486 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink 2013. Early origin of viviparity and multiple reversions to oviparity in squamate reptiles. Ecology Letters 17 (1): 13–21 (published online 2013, in print 2014), DOI: 10.1111/ele.12168 - get paper here
  • Quiroz, A. J., Huamaní-Valderrama, L., Gutiérrez, R. C., Aguilar-Kirigin, Á. J., López-Tejeda, E., Lazo-Rivera, A., ... & Abdala10, C. S. 2021. An Endemic and Endangered New Species of the Lizard Liolaemus montanus Group from Southwestern Peru (Iguania: Liolaemidae), with a Key for the Species of the L. reichei Clade. Zoological Studies, 60 (2021) - get paper here
  • Ramírez Leyton, G. & Pincheira Donoso, D. 2005. Fauna del Altiplano y Desierto de Atacama. Phrynosaura Ediciones, 395 pp.
  • Ruiz De Gamboa, M.; M. Ferrú. 2013. Liolaemus stolzmanni (Steindachner, 1891) (Squamata: Liolaemidae ): Distribution update. Check List 9 (5): 1067-1069 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1891. Über einige neue und seltene Reptilien- und Amphibienarten. Sitzungsb. Ber. Kais. Akad. Wiss., Wien, Abt.1, 100 (6): 289-313, 2 plates - get paper here
  • TRONCOSO-PALACIOS, JAIME; VÍCTOR ESCOBAR-GIMPEL 2020. On the taxonomy of the desert lizard Liolaemus stolzmanni (Steindachner, 1891): A third point of view (Squamata: Liolaemidae). Zootaxa 4763 (1): 138–144 - get paper here
  • Valladares-Faúndez, P., Franco-León, P., Jove Chipana, C., Navarro Guzmán, M., Ignacio-Apaza, J., Apaza, J. I., ... & Abdala, C. S. 2021. A new lizard of the Liolaemus montanus group that inhabits the hyperarid desert of southern Peru. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 15(2): 10-22 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1907. Sobre algunos lagartos nuevos clasificados i descritos. In: Bürger, O. Estudios sobre reptiles chilenos. Anales de la Universidad de Chile, 121:149—155. - get paper here
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