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Liolaemus wiegmannii (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1837)

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymProctotretus Wiegmannii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 284
Ptychodeira Wiegmannii — FITZINGER 1843: 73
Proctotretus Wiegmannii — BELL 1843: 15
Leiolaemus wiegmannii — GRAY 1845: 216
Proctotretus Wiegmannii — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 269
Rhytidodeira wiegmannii — GIRARD 1857
Ortholaemus fitzroyii GIRARD 1857 (nom. subst. for Proctotretus Wiegmannii)
Liolaemus (Ptychodeira) wiegmannii — STEINDACHNER 1867: 37
Liolaemus wiegmannii — BOULENGER 1885: 156
Liolaemus wiegmannii — CEI 1993
Liolaemus wiegmannii — ETHERIDGE 2000: 310
Liolaemus (Eulaemus) wiegmannii — SCHULTE et al. 2000
Liolaemus wiegmannii — PEREZ et al. 2011
Liolaemus (Eulaemus) wiegmannii — MORANDO et al. 2020
Liolaemus wiegmannii — AVILA et al. 2021 
DistributionUruguay (Maldonado), Argentina (Corrientes, La Pampa, San Luis, Mendoza, Córdoba, Catamarca, Tucumán, Salta, Jujuy, Entre Ríos, Rio Negro, La Rioja).
Ascension Island.

Type locality: “Chili” (in error fide VERRASTRO et al. 2003).  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 6857 (2 specimens respectively MNHN-RA 6857 and MNHN-RA 6857A) and MNHN-RA 6858 (3 specimens respectively MNHN-RA 6858, MNHN-RA 6858A and MNHN-RA 6858B); Syntype: ANSP 8195; 
CommentGroup: Belongs to the wiegmanni group of Liolaemus.

The L. wiegmannii group (or complex) is also known as “sand lizards” because of its specializations for living with high temperatures and xerophytic vegetation, such as among desert dunes (Abdala 2007). This group includes 11 species: L. arambarensis, azarai, cuyumhue, gardeli, lutzae, multimaculatus, occipitalis, rabinoi, riojanus, salinicola, scapularis, and wiegmannii. The latter species is considered the least specialized of the group because it is not restricted to sandy environments (Laurent 1983, 1984; Halloy et al. 1998; Etheridge 2000, Verrastro et al. 2017).

Distribution: VERRASTRO et al. 2003 conclude that Brazilian populations of L. wiegmanni are in fact L. arambarensis and L. wiegmanni doesn’t occur in Brazil. Not in Paraguay (fide Cacciali et al. 2016). The species reported by Alvarez & Lions (1996, HR 27: 32), from Isla Yacyreta appears to be L. azarai. 
EtymologyNamed after A. Fr. August Wiegmann (1802-1841), zoologist in Berlin. 
  • Alvarez, B. B. and M. L. Lions. 1996. Geographic distribution. Liolaemus wiegmanni. Herpetological Review 27 (1): 32 - get paper here
  • Ashmole, N.P., and M.J. Ashmole. 1997. The land fauna of Ascension Island: new data from caves and lava flows, and a reconstruction of the prehistoric ecosystem. Journal of Biogeography 24: 549–589 - get paper here
  • Ashmole, P., and M. Ashmole. 2000. St. Helena and Ascension Island: a natural history. Anthony Nelson, Oswestry
  • AVILA, L. J. & MORANDO, M. & PEREZ, C. H. F. & SITES, J. W. 2004. New records and natural history notes of lizards of the genus Liolaemus in northern Patagonia [Short Note]. Herpetozoa 17: - get paper here
  • Avila, L.J.; Morando, M.; Perez, D.R. & Sites, J.W. 2009. A new species of Liolaemus from Añelo sand dunes, northern Patagonia, Neuquén, Argentina, and molecular phylogenetic relationships of the Liolaemus wiegmannii species group (Squamata, Iguania, Liolaemini). Zootaxa 2234: 39–55 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238 - get paper here
  • Avila, Luciano Javier; Martín Miguel Femenías, Cristian Hernán Fulvio Pérez, Mariana Morando 2021. Nuevas especies de Liolaemus para la herpetofauna de la provincia de La Rioja, Argentina. Cuadernos de Herpetología 35 (S1): 223-228
  • Bell, T. 1843. The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, under the command of Captain Fitzroy, R.N. during the years 1832 to 1836. Edited and superintended by Charles Darwin ... naturalist to the expedition. Part 5. Reptiles. London, Smith, Elder and Co., (1842-1843), vi + 51 pp. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Block, Carolina, Oscar A. Stellatelli and Laura E. Vega. 2013. Liolaemus wiegmannii predation. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 675 - get paper here
  • Block, Carolina; Laura E. Vega, and Oscar A. Stellatelli 2012. Vegetation Refuges of a Sand Lizard Assemblage in Temperate Coastal Sand Dunes. Journal of Herpetology 46 (4): 608-613. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Carreira, S.; Brazeiro, A.; Camargo, A.; da Rosa, I.; Canavero, A. & Maneyro, M. 2012. DIVERSITY OF REPTILES OF URUGUAY: KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION GAPS. Bol. Soc. Zool. Uruguay (2a época) 21 (1-2): 9-29 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Etheridge, R. 2000. A review of lizards of the Liolaemus wiegmannii group (Squamata, Iguania, Tropiduridae), and a history of morphological change in the sand-dwelling species. Herpetological Monographs 14: 293-352 - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Gallardo, Jose M. 1966. Liolaemus lentus nov. Sp. (Iguanidae) de la Pampa y Algunas observaciones sobre los saurios de picha provincia Argentina y del oeste de Buenos Aires. Neotropica 12 (37): 15-29
  • Gallardo, José M. 1969. Las especies de saurios (Reptilia) de la Provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina, y consideraciones sobre su ecologia y zoogeografia. Neotropica 15 (47): 73-81
  • Girard, C. 1858. Descriptions of some new Reptiles, collected by the US. Exploring Expedition under the command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Fourth Part. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci Philadelphia 1857: 195-199 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Gudynas, E.; Skuk, G. 1982. Distribucion y ecologia del saurio iguanido Liolaemus wiegmannii en Uruguay. Resumos : 62-63
  • Kacoliris F.P.; Horlent, N. & Williams J. 2006. Herpetofauna, Coastal Dunes, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Check List 2 (3): 1-7 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1959. Notes on the present herpetofauna of Ascension Island. Copeia 1959 (1): 69-70. - get paper here
  • Martori, R. & L. Aún 1997. Reproductive and Fat Body Cycle of Liolaemus wiegmannii in Central Argentina Journal of Herpetology 31 (4): 578-581. - get paper here
  • Müller, P. & Steiniger, H. 1978. Karyotyp und Chromosomensatz von Liolaemus occipitalis und Liolaemus wiegmanni. Salamandra 14 (4): 215 - get paper here
  • Párraga, María Regina 2011. Nueva localidad para Liolaemus wiegmannii (Duméril & Bribon, 1837) en la Provincia de Salta (Argentina). Cuadernos de Herpetología 25 (1): - get paper here
  • Perez, C.H.F.; N. Frutos; M. Kozykariski; M. Morando; D.R. Perez; L.J. Avila. 2011. Lizards of Rio Negro Province, northern Patagonia, Argentina. Check List 7 (3): 202-219 - get paper here
  • SCHULTE II, JAMES A.; J. ROBERT MACEY, ROBERT E. ESPINOZA AND ALLAN LARSON 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in the iguanid lizard genus Liolaemus: multiple origins of viviparous reproduction and evidence for recurring Andean vicariance and dispersal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 75–102 - get paper here
  • Scrocchi, Gustavo J.; Cristian S. Abdala,Javier Nori, Hussam Zaher 2010. Reptiles de la provincia de Río Negro, Argentina. Fondo Ed. Rionegrino, 249 pp.
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Stellatelli, Oscar A.; Block, Carolina; Vega, Laura E.; Isacch, Juan P.; Cruz, Félix B. 2016. Factors affecting the spatial ecology of the lizard Liolaemus wiegmannii in the pampasic coastal dunes of Argentina. The Herpetological Journal 26 (1): 11-19 - get paper here
  • Stellatelli, Oscar Aníbal; Bo, María S.; Madrid, Enrique; Vega, Laura E.; Block, Carolina 2014. Nueva localidad para Liolaemus wiegmannii (Duméril & Bibrón, 1837) en la Provincia de Río Negro (Argentina). Cuad. Herpetol. 28: - get paper here
  • Stellatelli, Oscar Aníbal; Carolina Block, Laura Estela Vega, and Félix Benjamín Cruz 2015. Nonnative Vegetation Induces Changes in Predation Pressure and Escape Behavior of Two Sand Lizards (Liolaemidae: Liolaemus). Herpetologica Jun 2015, Vol. 71, No. 2: 136-142. - get paper here
  • Stellatelli, Oscar Aníbal; Laura Estela Vega, Carolina Block, and Félix Benjamín Cruz 2013. Effects of Tree Invasion on the Habitat Use of Sand Lizards. Herpetologica Dec 2013, Vol. 69, No. 4: 455-465. - get paper here
  • Verrastro, L.; Veronese, L.; Bujes, C. Martins Fias Filho, M. 2003. New species of Liolaemus from Southern Brazil (Iguania: Tropiduridae). Herpetologica 59 (1): 105-118 - get paper here
  • VERRASTRO, LAURA; RAÚL MANEYRO, CAROLINE M. DA SILVA, IRAIA FARIAS 2017. A new species of lizard of the L. wiegmannii group (Iguania: Liolaemidae) from the Uruguayan Savanna. Zootaxa 4294 (4): 443–461 - get paper here
  • Villamil, J., Avila, L.J., Morando, M., Sites, J.W. Jr., Leaché, A.D., Maneyro, R., Camargo, A. 2019. Coalescent-based species delimitation in the sand lizards of the Liolaemus wiegmannii complex (Squamata: Liolaemidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (2019), doi: - get paper here
  • Villamil, Joaquín; Arley Camargo, Raúl Maneyro 2017. Morphological variation and sexual dimorphism in Liolaemus wiegmannii (Duméril & Bibron, 1837) (Squamata: Liolaemidae) from Uruguay Acta Herpetologica 12 (1): 3-17 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2009. Auf den Spuren von Darwin durch Südamerika. Teil 1: Von England nach Patagonien. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (78): 34-46 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. 2010. Die Reptilien Argentiniens. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (83): 20-27 - get paper here
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