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Liopholis pulchra (WERNER, 1910)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Egerniinae (Tiliquini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesLiopholis pulchra longicauda (FORD 1963)
Liopholis pulchra pulchra (WERNER 1910) 
Common NamesE: South-western Rock-skink, Spectacled Rock Skink 
SynonymTropidolopisma dumerilii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 745 (part.)
Egernia pulchra WERNER 1910: 470
Egernia pulchra — FORD 1963
Egernia pulchra pulchra — STORR 1978: 179
Egernia pulchra — COGGER 1983: 159
Egernia pulchra — COGGER 2000: 470
Egernia pulchra — COUPER et al. 2006: 380
Liopholis pulchra — GARDNER et al. 2008

Liopholis pulchra longicauda (FORD 1963)
Egernia pulchra longicauda FORD 1963
Egernia pulchra longicauda — STORR 1978: 180
Egernia pulchra longicauda — STORR et al. 1999
Liopholis pulchra longicauda — WILSON & SWAN 2013: 330 
DistributionAustralia (lower west coast and SW corner of Western Australia)

pulchra: islands of Jurien Bay.
longicauda: range exclusive that of longicauda.

Type locality: Greenly Is., S. A.  
TypesHolotype: lost (fide J. Hallermann, pers. comm. 31 March 2020), paratype: ZMB 21458 (Egernia pulchra)
Syntype: MNHP 3005, from Australia [for data on the other syntypes see under Egernia kingii (Gray, 1838)] [Tropidolopisma dumerilii]
Holotype: WAM R16772, from Favourite Is., Jurien Bay, W. A. [longicauda] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (pulchra): A slender, moderately large, flat-headed member of the E. whitii group with keeled dorsals and much black and grey in coloration. Further dis- tinguishable from E. multiscutata by smooth subdigitallamellae (Storr 1978: 179). 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983.

Habitat: Rock-dwelling.

This species exhibit colour pattern polymorphism (Chapple et al. 2008). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “pulcher” = beautiful, handsome, fine, fair.  
  • Abdala CS, Aguilar-Kirigin AJ, Semhan RV, Bulacios Arroyo AL, Valdes J, Paz MM, et al. 2019. Description and phylogeny of a new species of Liolaemus (Iguania: Liolaemidae) endemic to the south of the Plurinational State of Bolivia. PLoS ONE 14(12): e0225815 - get paper here
  • Chapple, D. G., Hutchinson, M.N., Maryan, B., Plivelich M., Moore, J.A. and Keogh J.S. 2008. Evolution and maintenance of colour pattern polymorphism in Liopholis (Squamata : Scincidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 56: 103–115 - get paper here
  • CHAPPLE, DAVID G. and J. SCOTT KEOGH 2004. Parallel adaptive radiations in arid and temperate Australia: molecular phylogeography and systematics of the Egernia whitii (Lacertilia: Scincidae) species group. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 83: 157–173 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Ford, J. 1963. The distribution and variation of the skinks Egernia pulchra and E. bos in Western Australia. Western Australian Naturalist 9: 25-29 - get paper here
  • Ford, J. 1963. The Reptilian Fauna of the Islands between Dongara and Lancelin, Western Australia. Western Australian Naturalist 8 (6): 135-142 - get paper here
  • Gardner, M. G., Hugall, A. F., Donnellan, S. C., Hutchinson, M. N., and Foster, R. 2008. Molecular systematics of social skinks: phylogeny and taxonomy of the Egernia group (Reptilia: Scincidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 154 (4): 781-794 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2020. An annotated list of reptiles and amphibians from the 1905 Hamburg expedition to southwest Australia deposited in the Zoological Museum Hamburg. Evolutionary Systematics 4: 61 - get paper here
  • Storr G M 1978. The genus Egernia (Lacertilia, Scincidae) in Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 6 (2): 147-187 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1968. Revision of the Egernia whitei species-group (Lacertilia: Scincidae). J. R. Soc. West. Aust. 51: 51-62
  • Storr, G. M., Smith, L. A. & Johnstone, R. E. 1981. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Perth: University of Western Australia Press and Western Australian Museum, 200 pp.
  • Storr, G. M.; L. A. Smith, and R. E. Johnstone 1999. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Revised Edition. Western Australian Museum
  • Werner, F. 1910. Reptilia (Geckonidae und Scincidae). In: Michaelsen, W., and R. Hartmeyer: Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Vol. 2. G. Fischer, Jena, pp. 451-493. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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