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Lioscincus steindachneri BOCAGE, 1873

IUCN Red List - Lioscincus steindachneri - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLioscincus steindachneri BOCAGE 1873: 228
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) steindachneri — SMITH 1937: 225
Leiolopisma steindachneri — GREER 1974
Leiolopisma steindachneri — ZUG 1985
Leiolopisma steindachneri — SADLIER 1987: 19
Leiolopisma steindachneri — BAUER & VINDUM 1990
Lioscincus steindachneri — BAUER & SADLIER 1993
Leiolopisma lioscincus — FRANK & RAMUS 1995: 188 (nom. nud.)
Leiolopisma steindachneri — ADLER, AUSTIN & DUDLEY 1995
Lioscincus steindachneri — BAUER 1999
Lioscincus steindachneri — SADLIER et al. 2015 
DistributionNew Caledonia

Type locality: “Nouvelle Calédonie”  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesNeotype: NMBA (= NHMB) 7450, designated by SADLIER 1987: 18. Holotype originally in MB (MBL), presented by E.C. Aubry-Lecomte, lost when collection destroyed by fire in 1978. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus). The species of Lioscincus s.s. are moderately large in size (maximum snout vent length [SVL]: L. vivae 55 mm; L. steindachneri 88.5 mm) with a stout body, moderate- ly well-developed limbs and digits, and a relatively long tail (maximum tail length: L. steindachneri 180% SVL; L. vivae 210% SVL). The ear opening is large and lacks obviously enlarged lobules around the anterior edge.

Diagnosis (species). Leiolopisma steindachneri can be distinguished from all other New Caledonian members of the genus by the followjng combination of characters: frontoparietals fused; supranasals and post nasal suture generally absent; anterior loreal a small semilunar scale separated from contact with labials; ear lobules very small, barely distinguishable from surrounding small, blunt concial scales of upper, lower and posterior edges of ear opening; dorsal scales smooth. (Sadlier 1987)

Description: Sadlier 1987: 19 
CommentType Species: Lioscincus steindachneri is the type species of the genus Lioscincus. Probably listed in error by FRANK & RAMUS 1995.

Abundance: Uncommon.

Habitat: humid forest. 
EtymologyThe species has been named after Franz Steindachner (1834-1919), Austrian zoologist. Obituary in Pietschmann (1919).

Bocage (1873) does not give the origin of the name Lioscincus, but it is presumably derived from the Greek leios (smooth), and in allusion to the unkeeled scalation of the type species steindachneri. 
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A. M. & SADLIER, R. A. 2000. The herpetofauna of New Caledonia. Contributions to Herpetology, 17; Society for Study Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York.
  • Bauer, A.M. & Sadlier,R.A. 1993. Systematics, biogeography and conservation of the lizards of New Caledonia. Biodiv. Lett. 1: 107-122 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Vindum, Jens V. 1990. A checklist and key to the herpetofauna of New Caledonia, with remarks on biogeography. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 47 (2): 17-45 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bocage, J. V. Barboza du. 1873. 3. Sur quelques sauriens nouveaux de la Nouvelle Calédonie et de l’Australie. Jornal de Sciencias Mathematicas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa, 4: 228—232. - get paper here
  • Frank, Norman & Ramus, Erica 1995. A Complete Guide to Scientific and Common Names of Reptiles and Amphibians of the World. Pottsville: N G Publishing Inc., 377 pp.
  • Pietschmann, V. 1919. Franz Steindachner. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 33: 47-48 - get paper here
  • Sadlier R A 1987. A review of the scincid lizards of New Caledonia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 39(1) 1987: 1-66 [1986] - get paper here
  • Sadlier, Ross A., AARon M. BAueR, Glenn M. sheA, and sARAh A. sMith. 2015. Taxonomic resolution to the problem of polyphyly in the New Caledonian scincid lizard genus Lioscincus (Squamata: Scincidae). Records of the Australian Museum 67(7): 207–224 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
  • Zug,G. R. 1985. A new skink (Reptilia: Sauria: Leiolopisma) from Fiji. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 98 (1): 221-231 - get paper here
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