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Lioscincus steindachneri BOCAGE, 1873

IUCN Red List - Lioscincus steindachneri - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLioscincus steindachneri BOCAGE 1873: 228
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) steindachneri — SMITH 1937: 225
Leiolopisma steindachneri - GREER 1974
Leiolopisma steindachneri — ZUG 1985
Leiolopisma steindachneri - SADLIER 1987: 19
Leiolopisma steindachneri — BAUER & VINDUM 1990
Lioscincus steindachneri - BAUER & SADLIER 1993
Leiolopisma lioscincus — FRANK & RAMUS 1995: 188 (nom. nud.)
Leiolopisma steindachneri — ADLER, AUSTIN & DUDLEY 1995
Lioscincus steindachneri — BAUER 1999
Lioscincus steindachneri — SADLIER et al. 2015 
DistributionNew Caledonia

Type locality: “Nouvelle Calédonie” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesNeotype: NMBA (= NHMB) 7450, designated by SADLIER 1987: 18. 
CommentType Species: Lioscincus steindachneri is the type species of the genus Lioscincus. Probably listed in error by FRANK & RAMUS 1995.

Abundance: Uncommon.

Diagnosis (genus). The species of Lioscincus s.s. are moderately large in size (maximum snout vent length [SVL]: L. vivae 55 mm; L. steindachneri 88.5 mm) with a stout body, moderate- ly well-developed limbs and digits, and a relatively long tail (maximum tail length: L. steindachneri 180% SVL; L. vivae 210% SVL). The ear opening is large and lacks obviously enlarged lobules around the anterior edge.

Habitat: humid forest. 
EtymologyBocage (1873) does not give the origin of the name Lioscincus, but it is presumably derived from the Greek leios (smooth), and in allusion to the unkeeled scalation of the type species steindachneri.

The species has been named after Franz Steindachner (1834-1919), Austrian zoologist. Obituary in Pietschmann (1919). 
References
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A. M. & SADLIER, R. A. (eds.) 2000. The herpetofauna of New Caledonia. Contributions to Herpetology, 17; Society for Study Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Vindum, Jens V. 1990. A checklist and key to the herpetofauna of New Caledonia, with remarks on biogeography. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 47 (2): 17-45 - get paper here
  • Bauer,A.M. & Sadlier,R.A. 1993. Systematics, biogeography and conservation of the lizards of New Caledonia. Biodiv. Lett. 1: 107-122
  • Bocage, J. V. Barboza du. 1873. 3. Sur quelques sauriens nouveaux de la Nouvelle Calédonie et de l’Australie. Jornal de Sciencias Mathematicas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa, 4 :228—232.
  • Frank, Norman & Ramus, Erica 1995. A Complete Guide to Scientific and Common Names of Reptiles and Amphibians of the World. Pottsville: N G Publishing Inc., 377 pp.
  • Pietschmann, V. 1919. Franz Steindachner. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 33: 47-48 - get paper here
  • Sadlier R A 1987. A review of the scincid lizards of New Caledonia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 39(1) 1987: 1-66 [1986] - get paper here
  • Sadlier, Ross A., AARon M. BAueR, Glenn M. sheA, and sARAh A. sMith. 2015. Taxonomic resolution to the problem of polyphyly in the New Caledonian scincid lizard genus Lioscincus (Squamata: Scincidae). Records of the Australian Museum 67(7): 207–224 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Zug,G. R. 1985. A new skink (Reptilia: Sauria: Leiolopisma) from Fiji. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 98 (1): 221-231 - get paper here
 
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