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Lipinia auriculata (TAYLOR, 1917)

IUCN Red List - Lipinia auriculata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesLipinia auriculata auriculata (TAYLOR 1917)
Lipinia auriculata herrei (TAYLOR 1922)
Lipinia auriculata kempi (TAYLOR 1919) 
Common NamesE: Taylor's Lipinia 
SynonymSiaphos auriculatus TAYLOR 1917: 377
Siaphos auriculatum — TAYLOR 1922: 221
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) auriculatum — BROWN & ALCALA 1956: 5
Lipinia auriculata — GREER 1974 (incertae sedis)
Lipinia auriculata — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 89
Lipinia auriculata — DAS & AUSTIN 2007

Lipinia auriculata herrei (TAYLOR 1922)
Siaphos herrei TAYLOR 1922
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) auriculatum herrei — BROWN & ALCALA 1956
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) auriculatum — BROWN & ALCALA 1970 (part)
Lipinia auriculata herrei — SANGUILA et al. 2016

Lipinia auriculata kempi (TAYLOR 1919)
Siaphos kempi TAYLOR 1919
Siaphos kempi — TAYLOR 1922: 216
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) auriculatum kempi — BROWN & ALCALA 1956: 5
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) auriculatum — BROWN & ALCALA 1970 (part)
Lipinia auriculata — GREER 1974 (part) 
DistributionPhilippines (Negros, Masbate, Mindoro, Cebu)

Type locality: Canlaon Volcano, elevation, 900 M., Negros I., P. I.

herrei: Philippines (Polillo, Mindanao); TL: Polillo Island, Philippines  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: CM = Carnegie Museum, No. 1737; Originally EHT, No. 894; Coll., E. H. Taylor, Dec. 23, 1915.
Holotype: CAS 62262 [herrei]
Holotype: CM P1734 (1734-36) [kempi] 
DiagnosisDEFINITION. A Lipinia of intermediate size, snout-vent length 42.3-47.0 mm for 10 mature males and 45.8-51.0 mm for 15 mature females; habitus slender, round bodied, with moderately developed limbs; snout moderately tapered, rounded, its length 48-54 % of head breadth and 32-35 % of head length; head breadth
61-68% of head length and 11-13% of snout-vent length; eye relatively large, its diameter 42-52 % of snout length and 21-27 % of head breadth; lower eyelid with a prominent, transparent disk; rostral broader than high, forming long, truncate suture with frontonasal; prefrontals usually fused with frontonasal (occasionally moderate to small and moderately to widely separated); frontal of moderate length, tapered and pointed posteriorly, in contact with 1st and 2nd supraoculars; 4 large supraoculars; frontoparietals fused; interparietal large, broadly triangular; parietals in contact behind interparietal: 2 or 3 pairs of nuchals; 6 or 7 (usually latter) upper labials, 5th largest and beneath center of eye; 6 or 7 lower labials; nostril in large nasal; no supranasal and no postnasal; anterior 10real somewhat higher and shorter than posterior loreal, narrowly in contact with or narrowly separated from 1st labial; ear moderate and rather shallow, its diameter 34-50% of eye diameter; scales smooth, vertebral rows slightly enlarged; 22-25 midbody scale rows; 55-61 vertebral rows between parietals and base of tail; limbs moderately developeq, length of extended hind limb 48-63 % of axilla-groin distance and 28-33 % of snout-vent length; rank of adpressed toes 4, 3, 2, 5, 1 (or 2 and 5 about equal) ; 15-19 lamellae beneath 4th toe and 6-7 beneath 1st toe; basal lamellae scarcely to slightly expanded transversely; tail long and gradua!ly tapered to a point (see Tables 5 and 6 in Brown and Alcala 1980: 90).

DIAGNOSIS (kempi): Differs from the other 2 subspecies primarily in: (1) the distinct prefrontals, which are moderately to widely separated; (2) frequently occuring color pattern of few to numerous dark spots and blotches on dorsum (16 of 24 examples) ; and also from the nominal subspecies in (3) the generally lower number of midbody scale rows, 22 (only rarely 24)

DIAGNOSIS (herrei). This subspecies distinguished from L. a. auriculata and L. a. kempi by (1) the distinct (not fused) frontoparietals, and also from L. a. kempi by (2) the absence of distinct dark spots or blotches on the dorsum; however, a darker vertebral band sometimes evident as also characteristic of L. a. auriculata (Brown and Alcala 1980: 92). 
Commentstatus unclear. The CAS holotype catalogue also lists L. a. herrei.

external ear opening present; 22–25 midbody scale rows; and 55–61 longitudinal scale rows between parietals and tail base (from DAS & AUSTIN 2007). 
Etymology 
References
  • Brown, W.C. & ALCALA,A.C. 1956. A review of the Philippine lizards of the genus Lygosoma (Leiolopisma). Occas. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Stanford Univ. (3): 1-10
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Das, I. & Austin, C.C. 2007. New Species of Lipinia (Squamata: Scincidae) from Borneo, Revealed by Molecular and Morphological Data. Journal of Herpetology 41 (1): 61 - get paper here
  • Sanguila MB, Cobb KA, Siler CD, Diesmos AC, Alcala AC, Brown RM 2016. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindanao Island, southern Philippines, II: the herpetofauna of northeast Mindanao and adjacent islands. ZooKeys 624: 1–132, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.624.9814 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D. and Rafe M. Brown 2010. Phylogeny-based Species Delimitation in Philippine Slender Skinks (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae: Brachymeles): Taxonomic Revision of Pentadactyl Species Groups and Description of Three New Species. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 1-54 - get paper here
  • SUPSUP, Christian E.; Nevong M. PUNA, Augusto A. ASIS, Bernard R. REDOBLADO, Maria Fatima G. PANAGUINIT, Faith M. GUINTO, Edmund B. RICO, Arvin C. DIESMOS, Rafe M. BROWN and Neil Aldrin D. MALLARI 2016. Amphibians and Reptiles of Cebu, Philippines: The Poorly Understood Herpetofauna of an Island with Very Little Remaining Natural Habitat. Asian Herpetological Research 2016, 7(3): 151–179 DOI: 10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.150049 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1919. New or rare Philippine reptiles. Philippine Journal of Science 14: 105-125
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The lizards of the Philippine Islands. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Science, Government of the Philippine Islands, Manila, Publication no. 17: 269 pp. - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1944. Present location of certain herpetological and other type specimens. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 30 (1): 117-187. - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1917. Snakes and lizards known from Negros, with descriptions of new species and subspecies. Philippine Journal of Science 12: 353-381 - get paper here
 
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