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Lipinia pulchella (GRAY, 1845)

IUCN Red List - Lipinia pulchella - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesLipinia pulchella levitoni (BROWN & ALCALA 1963)
Lipinia pulchella pulchella (GRAY 1845)
Lipinia pulchella taylori (BROWN & ALCALA 1956) 
Common NamesE: Beautiful Lipinia 
SynonymLygosoma (Leiolopisma) pulchellum GRAY 1845: 84
Leiolopisma pulchellum grande TAYLOR 1917: 374
Leiolopisma pulchellum — TAYLOR 1922: 212
Leiolopisma pulchellum grande — TAYLOR 1922: 214
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) pulchellum — SMITH 1937: 224
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) pulchellum — BROWN & ALCALA 1956: 7
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) pulchellum — BROWN & ALCALA 1963
Lipinia pulchella — GREER 1974: 11
Lipinia pulchella — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 93
Lipinia pulchella — DAS & AUSTIN 2007
Lipinia pulchella pulchellai — BINADAY et al. 2017

Lipinia pulchella levitoni (BROWN & ALCALA 1963)
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) pulchella levitoni BROWN & ALCALA 1963: 78
Lipinia pulchella levitoni — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 96

Lipinia pulchella taylori (BROWN & ALCALA 1956)
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) puchellum taylori BROWN & ALCALA 1956: 8
Lipinia pulchella taylori GRAY — BROWN et al. 1996
Lipinia pulchella taylori — GAULKE 2011: 204 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon, Mindanao, Negros, Bohol, Pollillo, Panay, Masbate)

Type locality: Philippines

grande: Mount Canlaon

levitoni: Philippines;

taylori: Philippines (Negros, Panay, Luzon ?); Type locality: “Mount Canlaon, Negros Island”, Philippines.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.16.41 (formerly xv.36a),
Holotype: FMNH 120953 [levitoni]
Holotype: CM 2202 [taylori] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Members of the genus are characterized by the following suite of characters: small body size(SVL to 58 mm); lower eyelid with a clear window (except in Lipinia leptosoma); auricular lobules absent; body scales smooth; longitudinal scale rows at midbody # 28; basal subdigital lamellae expanded (slightly in some taxa);postorbital absent; vomers fused; pterygoid teeth absent; dorsal color pattern typicallycomprising a pale (rarely dark) middorsal stripe at least anteriorly; visceral fat bodies absent (except in Lipinia noctua); brood size of two (exceptionally one, as in Lipinia rouxi) (Das and Greer, 2002). 
CommentType Species: Lygosoma pulchellum GRAY 1845 is the type species of the genus Lipinia Gray, 1845.

Synonymy: the status of Leiolopisma pulchellum grande is unclear.

Keys: Brown and Alcala 1980 provide a key to Philippine Lipinia. Poyarkov et al. 2019 provide a key to mainland Southeast-Asian Lipinia. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “pulchella” = pretty. 
  • Binaday, Jake Wilson B.; Ace Kevin S. Amarga, Ernesto S. Barrameda Jr., and Bobet Jan M. Bonagua 2017. Amphibians and Reptiles in the Vicinity of Bulusan Lake, Bulusan Volcano Natural Park, Sorsogon, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Science 146 (3): 339-351
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. On the reptiles and batrachians of the Solomon Islands. Trans. Zool. Soc. London 12: 35-62
  • Brown, R.M.; McGuire, J.A.; Ferner,J.W.; Icarangal Jr., N. & Kennedy, R.S. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Luzon island, II: preliminary report on the herptofauna of Aurora Memorial national Park, Philippines. Hamadryad 25 (2): 175-195 - get paper here
  • Brown, Rafe M.; Ferner, John W.; Sison, Rogelio V.; Gonzales, Pedro C.; Kennedy, Robert S. 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of the Zambales Mountains of Luzon Island, Republic of the Philippines. Herpetological Natural History 4 (1): 1-22
  • Brown, W.C. & ALCALA,A.C. 1956. A review of the Philippine lizards of the genus Lygosoma (Leiolopisma). Occas. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Stanford Univ. (3): 1-10
  • Brown, W.C. & ALCALA,A.C. 1963. Addition to the leiolopismid lizards known from the Philippines, with description of a new species and subspecies. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 76: 69-80 - get paper here
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Das, I. & Austin, C.C. 2007. New Species of Lipinia (Squamata: Scincidae) from Borneo, Revealed by Molecular and Morphological Data. Journal of Herpetology 41 (1): 61 - get paper here
  • Decena, S. C. P., Macasait Jr, D. R., & Arguelles, M. S. 2023. Species Accounts, Assemblage, and Microhabitats of Amphibians and Reptiles of Northeastern Leyte, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Science, 152(1), 1-34
  • Ferner, John W., Rafe M. Brown, Rogelio V. Sison and Robert S. Kennedy 2000. The amphibians and reptiles of Panay Island, Philippines. Asiatic Herpetological Research 9: 1-37 - get paper here
  • Gaulke, M. 2011. The herpetofauna of Panay Island, Philippines. Edition Chimaira, 390 pp.
  • Gojo-Cruz, Paul Henric P. and Leticia E. Afuang 2018. The Zoogeographic Significance of Caraballo Mountain Range, Luzon Island, Philippines With Focus on the Biogeography of Luzon’s Herpetofauna. Philippine Journal of Science 147 (3): 393-409 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Lagat, Ronaldo D. and Rubie M. Causaren 2019. Initial terrestrial vertebrate diversity assessment in upland Cavite, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology 12 (2): 70-91 - get paper here
  • Mohagan, Alma B.; Olga M. Nuñeza, Angel C. Alcala, Jose A. Escarlos Jr., Arturo G. Gracia Jr., Eric Claire T. Selpa, Leonil Jun B. Baguhin, Fulgent P. Coritico & Victor B. Amoroso 2019. Species richness and endemism of Reptilian Fauna in four Long-Term Ecological Research sites in Mindanao, Philippines. Biodiversity Journal, 2019, 10 (3): 237–248 - get paper here
  • Poyarkov Jr., N. A., Geissler, P., Gorin, V. A., Dunayev, E. A., Hartmann, T., Suwannapoom, C. 2019. Counting stripes: revision of the Lipinia vittigera complex (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae) with description of two new species from Indochina. Zoological Research 40(5): 358-393 - get paper here
  • Relox, Richel E.; Emmanuel P. Leańo, and Fritzie B. Ates-Camino 2011. Herpetofaunal Endemism And Diversity in Tropical Forests of Mt. Hamiguitan in the Philippines. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (1): 107−113 - get paper here
  • Sanguila MB, Cobb KA, Siler CD, Diesmos AC, Alcala AC, Brown RM 2016. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindanao Island, southern Philippines, II: the herpetofauna of northeast Mindanao and adjacent islands. ZooKeys 624: 1–132, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.624.9814 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D. and Rafe M. Brown 2010. Phylogeny-based Species Delimitation in Philippine Slender Skinks (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae: Brachymeles): Taxonomic Revision of Pentadactyl Species Groups and Description of Three New Species. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 1-54 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The lizards of the Philippine Islands. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Science, Government of the Philippine Islands, Manila, Publication no. 17: 269 pp. - get paper here
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