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Lipinia pulchella (GRAY, 1845)

IUCN Red List - Lipinia pulchella - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesLipinia pulchella levitoni (BROWN & ALCALA 1963)
Lipinia pulchella pulchella (GRAY 1845)
Lipinia pulchella taylori (BROWN & ALCALA 1956) 
Common NamesBeautifulLipinia 
SynonymLygosoma (Leiolopisma) pulchellum GRAY 1845: 84
Leiolopisma pulchellum grande TAYLOR 1917: 374
Leiolopisma pulchellum — TAYLOR 1922: 212
Leiolopisma pulchellum grande — TAYLOR 1922: 214
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) pulchellum — SMITH 1937: 224
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) pulchellum — BROWN & ALCALA 1956: 7
Lipinia pulchella — GREER 1974: 11
Lipinia pulchella — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 93
Lipinia pulchella — DAS & AUSTIN 2007

Lipinia pulchella taylori (BROWN & ALCALA 1956)
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) puchellum taylori BROWN & ALCALA 1956: 8
Lipinia pulchella taylori GRAY — BROWN et al. 1996
Lipinia pulchella taylori — GAULKE 2011: 204 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon, Mindanao, Negros, Bohol, Pollillo, Panay, Masbate)

grande: Mount Canlaon

levitoni: Philippines;

taylori: Philippines (Negros, Panay, Luzon ?); Type locality: “Mount Canlaon, Negros Island”, Philippines. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH
Holotype: FMNH 120953 [levitoni]
Holotype: CM 2202 [taylori] 
CommentType Species: Lygosoma pulchellum GRAY 1845 is the type species of the genus Lipinia. Members of the genus are characterized by the following suite of characters: small body size(SVL to 58 mm); lower eyelid with a clear window (except in Lipinia leptosoma); auricular lobules absent; body scales smooth; longitudinal scale rows at midbody # 28; basal subdigital lamellae expanded (slightly in some taxa);postorbital absent; vomers fused; pterygoid teeth absent; dorsal color pattern typicallycomprising a pale (rarely dark) middorsal stripe at least anteriorly; visceral fat bodies absent (except in Lipinia noctua); brood size of two (exceptionally one, as in Lipinia rouxi) (Das andGreer, 2002).

Synonymy: the status of Leiolopisma pulchellum grande is unclear.

external ear opening present; 51–58 longitudinal scales between parietals and tail base; 22–26 midbody scale rows; and 24–31 lamellae under toe IV (from DAS & AUSTIN 2007). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “pulchella” = pretty. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. On the reptiles and batrachians of the Solomon Islands. Trans. Zool. Soc. London 12: 35-62
  • Brown, Rafe M.; Ferner, John W.; Sison, Rogelio V.; Gonzales, Pedro C.; Kennedy, Robert S. 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of the Zambales Mountains of Luzon Island, Republic of the Philippines. Herpetological Natural History 4 (1): 1-22
  • Brown, W.C. & ALCALA,A.C. 1956. A review of the Philippine lizards of the genus Lygosoma (Leiolopisma). Occas. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Stanford Univ. (3): 1-10
  • Brown, W.C. & ALCALA,A.C. 1963. Addition to the leiolopismid lizards known from the Philippines, with description of a new species and subspecies. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 76: 69-80 - get paper here
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Brown,R.M.; McGuire, J.A.; Ferner,J.W.; Icarangal Jr., N. & Kennedy, R.S. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Luzon island, II: preliminary report on the herptofauna of Aurora Memorial national Park, Philippines. Hamadryad 25 (2): 175-195 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Austin, C.C. 2007. New Species of Lipinia (Squamata: Scincidae) from Borneo, Revealed by Molecular and Morphological Data. Journal of Herpetology 41 (1): 61 - get paper here
  • Ferner, John W., Rafe M. Brown, Rogelio V. Sison and Robert S. Kennedy 2000. The amphibians and reptiles of Panay Island, Philippines. Asiatic Herpetological Research 9: 1-37 - get paper here
  • Gaulke, M. 2011. The herpetofauna of Panay Island, Philippines. Edition Chimaira, 390 pp.
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Lagat, R.D. 2009. A TAXONOMIC ACCOUNT OF LIZARDS ALONG ESTABLISHED TRAILS IN MTS. PALAY-PALAY MATAAS-NA-GULOD PROTECTED LANDSCAPE, LUZON ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology 3: 17-28
  • Relox, Richel E.; Emmanuel P. Leańo, and Fritzie B. Ates-Camino 2011. Herpetofaunal Endemism And Diversity in Tropical Forests of Mt. Hamiguitan in the Philippines. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (1): 107−113 - get paper here
  • Sanguila MB, Cobb KA, Siler CD, Diesmos AC, Alcala AC, Brown RM 2016. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindanao Island, southern Philippines, II: the herpetofauna of northeast Mindanao and adjacent islands. ZooKeys 624: 1–132, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.624.9814
  • Siler, Cameron D. and Rafe M. Brown 2010. Phylogeny-based Species Delimitation in Philippine Slender Skinks (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae: Brachymeles): Taxonomic Revision of Pentadactyl Species Groups and Description of Three New Species. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 1-54 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Taylor,E.H. 1922. The lizards of the Philippine Islands. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Science, Government of the Philippine Islands, Manila, Publication no. 17: 269 pp. - get paper here
 
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