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Lucasium damaeum (LUCAS & FROST, 1896)

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBeaded Gecko 
SynonymCeramodactylus damaeus LUCAS & FROST 1896
Lucasius damaeus - KINGHORN 1929: 77
Lucasius damaeus — LOVERIDGE 1934: 297
Lucasium damaeum - WERMUTH 1965: 100 (nom. nov.)
Diplodactylus damaeus - KLUGE 1967
Diplodactylus daemeus — COVENTRY 1970
Oedura lesueurii lesueurii - DAVEY 1970 (nec O. lesueurii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON)
Diplodactylus dameum — GORMAN 1973
Turnerdactylus damaeus - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1989
Diplodactylus damaeus — KLUGE 1993
Diplodactylus damaeus — RÖSLER 1995: 80
Lucasium damaeum — COGGER 2000: 250
Diplodactylus damaeus — RÖSLER 2000: 77
Diplodactylus damaeus — GREER 2006 (online)
Lucasium damaeum — OLIVER et al. 2007 
DistributionAustralia (drier interior from SE West Australia to S Queensland and W New South Wales and Victoria)

Type locality: Charlotte Waters, Northern Territory.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NMV D7528 (1896 Ceramodactylus damaeus Lucas & Frost) 
CommentAssigned previously to the Diplodactylus stenodactylus group. The name Lucasius is preoccupied by a Crustacean and has also been used for a Hymenopteran). WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984 synonymized Lucasium with Diplodactylus. However, Lucasium was resurrected by Oliver et al. 2007.

L. damaeum is characterized by complete loss of subdigital lamellae and scansors, but Kluge (1967) suggested that this species was no more than the extreme of a trend seen in the stenodactylus group of Diplodactylus.

Type Species: Ceramodactylus damaeus is the type species of the genus Lucasium WERMUTH 1965. A generic diagnosis is given in OLIVER 2007. 
EtymologyThe genus Lucasium has been named after Arthur Henry Shakespeare LUCAS (1853-1936), british-born physician and herpetologist who moved to Australia in 1883. For more biographical details see Shea 2003. 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Ferguson, Daniel J.; Mathieson, Michael T.; Eyre, Teresa J. 2015. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THE BEADED GECKO Lucasium damaeum AND SMOOTH KNOB-TAILED GECKO Nephrurus levis AT THEIR EASTERN LIMIT IN SOUTHWEST QUEENSLAND. Queensland Naturalist 53 (1-3): 19-28 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. R. 1929. Rec. Austral. Mus. 17: 77 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. Reptiles and batrachians from south and south-west Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 163-183 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1929. Herpetological notes No. I. Rec. Austral. Mus. 17 (2): 76-84 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1934. Australian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Bull. Mus Comp. Zool. Harvard 77: 243-383 - get paper here
  • Lucas, A. H. S., and C. Frost. 1896. Further preliminary notice of certain new species of lizards from central Australia. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 8:1-4. - get paper here
  • Oliver, Paul M.; Hutchinson, Mark N.; Cooper, Steven J.B. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships in the lizard genus Diplodactylus Gray and resurrection of Lucasium Wermuth (Gekkota, Diplodactylidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 55( 3):197-210 - get paper here
  • Pepper, Mitzy; Paul Doughty, J. Scott Keogh 2006. Molecular phylogeny and phylogeography of the Australian Diplodactylus stenodactylus (Gekkota; Reptilia) species-group based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes reveals an ancient split between Pilbara and non-Pilbara D. stenodactylus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41: 539–555 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Schönecker, P. 2007. Biologie, Haltung und Nachzucht des australischen Bodengeckos Lucasium damaeum. Draco 8 (29): 31-38 - get paper here
  • Shea, G.M. 2003. The HORN Expedition (1894) to Central Australia: New Directions in Australian Herpetology. Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 52 (3/4): 245-273 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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