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Lucasium steindachneri (BOULENGER, 1885)

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Box-patterned Gecko, Steindachner's Gecko 
SynonymDiplodactylus steindachneri BOULENGER 1885: 102
Diplodactylus stenurus WERNER 1910: 267
Diplodactylus steindachneri — ZIETZ 1920: 186
Diplodactylus steindachneri — WERMUTH 1965: 25
Ozziedactylus steindachneri — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1989
Diplodactylus steindachneri — KLUGE 1993
Diplodactylus steindachneri — RÖSLER 1995: 81
Diplodactylus steindachneri — COGGER 2000: 227
Lucasium steindachneri — OLIVER et al. 2007
Lucasium steindachneri — COGGER 2014: 314 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia?)

Type locality: Sydney.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1876.3.4.10; also given as BMNH, Peak Downs, Qld, collected E. Damel, purchased Museum Godeffroy (previously listed as, Sydney, but this number is allocated to a Litoria lesueurii from Sydney, purchased from Museum Godeffroy).
Holotype: IRSNB 2.022 [stenurus] 
DiagnosisDescription: “Head short, very convex snout rounded-acuminate, longer than the distance between the eye and the ear-opening, scarcely longer than the diameter of the orbit; ear-opening small, round. Body short; limbs moderate. Digits rather short, not much depressed, inferiorly with small, irregularly arranged tubercles; apical dilata tion small, the inferior plates rounded. Upper surfaces covered with minute granular scales, a little larger on the snout. Rostral twice as broad as high, without median cleft, emarginate poste riorly to receive a small lozenge-shaped plate bounded posteriorly by the large supero-anterior nasals; latter in contact; nostril pierced between the rostral, the first labial, and five nasals eleven upper and as many lower labials; mental trapezoid, moderate no chin-shields. Border of the upper eyelid with a fringe of conical scales. Abdominal scales very small, granular, considerably larger than the dorsal granules. Male with two conical scales on each side the base of the tail. Light brown above; a broad lighter, black-edged vertebral line, bifurcating on the neck, where it encloses a large rhomboidal black-edged spot; three black-edged ocelli on the light vertebral band, two on the back, one on the base of the tail a whitish, dark-edged streak from axilla to groin; sides with small light spots; lower surfaces white.” (Boulenger 1885)

For measurements see Boulenger 1885: 102. 
CommentGroup: Diplodactylus steindachneri group. Synonymized with D. jonathoni WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985 by KLUGE (1993). 
EtymologyNamed after Franz Steindachner (1834-1919), Austrian zoologist. Obituary in Pietschmann (1919). 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Edwards, C., Cornwell, W., & Letnic, M. 2021. Frequent consumption of sap suggests that omnivory is widespread among Australian geckos. The Science of Nature, 108(2), 1-6 - get paper here
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. Blair; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Die “Geckos” Australiens. Draco 8 (29): 4-21 - get paper here
  • Laube, Andreas 2002. Captive Maintenance and Breeding of Some Ground Dwelling Australian Geckos Part II: Diplodactylus byrnei Lucas and Frost, 1896, D. tessellatus (Gunther, 1875) and D. steindachneri Boulenger, 1885. Gekko 2 (2): 12-18
  • Oliver, Paul M.; Hutchinson, Mark N.; Cooper, Steven J.B. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships in the lizard genus Diplodactylus Gray and resurrection of Lucasium Wermuth (Gekkota, Diplodactylidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 55( 3):197-210 - get paper here
  • Pietschmann, V. 1919. Franz Steindachner. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 33: 47-48 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • VANDERDUYS, ERIC; CONRAD J. HOSKIN, ALEX S. KUTT, JUSTIN M. WRIGHT, STEPHEN M. ZOZAYA 2020. Beauty in the eye of the beholder: a new species of gecko (Diplodactylidae: Lucasium) from inland north Queensland, Australia. Zootaxa 4877 (2): 291–310 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1910. Neue oder seltenere Reptilien des Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique in Brüssel. [Mabuia dolloi, Mabuia polylepis]. Zool. Jb. Abt. Syst. Okol. Geogr. 28 [1909]: 263-288. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Zietz, F. R. 1920. Catalogue of Australian lizards. Rec. South Austral. Mus. 1: 181-228 - get paper here
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