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Lycodon carinatus (KUHL, 1820)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Ceylon Wolf Snake 
SynonymHurria carinata KUHL 1820: 95
Cercaspis carinatus — WAGLER 1830: 191
Cercaspis carinatus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 390
Cercaspis carinatus — GÜNTHER 1864: 324
Lycodon carinatus — BOULENGER 1890
Lycodon carinatus — BOULENGER 1893: 358
Cercaspis carinatus — WALL 1921: 162
Cercaspis carinatus — SMITH 1943: 268
Cercaspis carinata — DAS 1996: 55
Cercaspis carinatus — JANZEN et al. 2007
Lycodon carinatus — PYRON et al. 2013
Lycodon carinatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 392 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: unknown fide TAYLOR 1950.  
TypesSyntypes: unlocated; MNHN-RA (not located; I. Ineich, March 2019) and RMNH (some sources say “AG” = Academico Groningano, the Akademisch Museum te Groningen, AMG, in the Netherlands, which was destroyed in a great fire in the Groningen academy building in 1906). 
CommentSimilar to Bungarus ceylonicus, and thus a possible case of mimicry.

Taxonomy: previously an “incertae sedis” taxon by placed in Natricidae by Pyron et al. 2013. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “carinatus” = keeled (like a ship). 
  • Botejue, W. Madhava S.; Jayantha Wattavidanage 2012. Herpetofaunal diversity and distribution in Kalugala proposed forest reserve, Western province of Sri Lanka. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5 (2): 65-80(e38). - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, I. & De Silva, A. 2005. Photographic guide to snakes and other reptiles of Sri Lanka. New Holland Publishers, 144 pp.
  • de Silva, A. 1998. Snakes of Sri Lanka: a checklist and an annotated bibliography. Dept. Wildlife Conservation/ GEF /UNDP/ FAO, Colombo.
  • EDIRISINGHE, G.M. & B.S.A.T. Hiranya SUDASINGHE 2013. Eine Beobachtung von Ovivorie bei der Sri Lanka-Wolfsnatter Cercaspis carinatus (KUHL, 1820). Sauria 35 (1): 54-56 - get paper here
  • Janssen HY, Pham CT, Ngo HT, Le MD, Nguyen TQ, Ziegler T 2019. A new species of Lycodon Boie, 1826 (Serpentes, Colubridae) from northern Vietnam. ZooKeys 875: 1-29 - get paper here
  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Sri Lankas Schlangenfauna. Draco 7 (30): 56-64 - get paper here
  • Jayaneththi, Hareschandra Bandula 2015. Vertebrate fauna of Morankanda-Mukalana secondary forest patch in Sri Lanka: A checklist reported from 2004-2008 survey. RUHUNA JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 6: 21- 41 - get paper here
  • Kuhl,H. 1820. Beiträge zur Zoologie und vergleichenden Anatomie. Hermannsche Buchhandlung, Frankfurt, 152 pp. - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; H.K. Dushantha Kandambi, Catriona R. Hendry, Vishan Pushpamal, Frank T. Burbrink, Ruchira Somaweera 2013. Genus-level phylogeny of snakes reveals the origins of species richness in Sri Lanka. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66 (3): 969-978 - get paper here
  • Samarawickrama, V.A.M.P.K.; H.I.G.C. Kumara, D.R.N.S. Samarawickrama 2019. Diversity of Reptiles in the Eastern and Southern parts of the Sinharaja Rain Forest. Journal of Tropical Forestry and Environment - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1950. The snakes of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (14): 519-603 - get paper here
  • VELAUTHEM, V.A. & JAYANETHTHI, H.B. 2016. Sri Lanka-Wolfszahnnatter, Lycodon carinatus (Kuhl, 1820), frisst Templetons Kukrinatter, Oligodon calamarius (Linnaeus, 1754), im Sinharaja-Regenwald, Sri Lanka. Sauria 38 (4): 60-62 - get paper here
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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