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Lycodon gammiei (BLANFORD, 1878)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesGammie's Wolf Snake, Sikkim False Wolf Snake 
SynonymOphites gammiei BLANFORD 1878: 130
Lycodon gammiei — BOULENGER 1890
Lycodon gammiei — BOULENGER 1893: 358
Dinodon gammiei — WALL 1923
Dinodon gammiei — SMITH 1943: 271
Dinodon gammiei — DAS 1996: 56
Lycodon gammiei — SILER et al. 2013 (by implication)
Dinodon gammiei — WALLACH et al. 2014: 236 
DistributionIndia (Darjeeling, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim)

Type locality: “Cinchona plantations, [South-Eastern] British Sikkim” [= Darjeeling] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: ZSI 8447 
CommentCinchona plants are the trees from which quinine is isolated, the drug against malaria.

Synonymy: WALL (1911) thought that Lycodon gammiei is an aberrant Lycodon fasciatus and thus the latter being a junior synonym of the L. gammiei. 
Etymologynamed after the collector of the type specimens, J.A. Gammie. 
  • Agarwal I., Mistry V. K., Athreya R. 2010. A preliminary checklist of the reptiles of Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, West Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Russian Journal of Herpetology 17 (2): 81 – 93
  • Athreya, R. 2006. Eaglenest Biodiversity Project (2003 – 2006): Conservation resources for Eaglenest wildlife sanctuary. Kaati Trust, Pune, 196 pp. - get paper here
  • Blanford,W.T. 1878. Notes on some Reptilia from the Himalayas and Burma. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal (2) xlvii: 125-131 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Chettri, Basundhara & S. Bhupathy 2009. Occurrence of Dinodon gammiei (Blanford, 1878) in Sikkim, Eastern Himalaya, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1 (1): 60-61 - get paper here
  • Das, INDRANEIL, BASUDEB DATTAGUPTA and NEMAI CHARAN GAYEN. 1998. History and catalogue of reptile types in the collection of the Zoological Survey of India. J. south Asian nat. Hist. 3 (2): 121-172
  • Mistry, V. 2007. Rediscovery of the Sikkim False Wolf Snake. Hornbill (Jul-Sep): 18-19
  • Mistry, V.; Vogel, G. & Tillack, F. 2007. Rediscovery of Dinodon gammiei (BLANFORD 1878) (Serpentes, Colubridae), with description of its validity. Hamadryad 31 (2): 265-273 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Siler, C. D., Oliveros, C. H., Santanen, A., Brown, R. M. 2013. Multilocus phylogeny reveals unexpected diversification patterns in Asian wolf snakes (genus Lycodon). Zoologica Scripta 42: 262–277 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall,F. 1911. Is Lycodon gammiei (Blanford) an aberrant specimen of Lycodon fasciatus?. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 21: 279-281 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1911. A popular treatise on the common Indian snakes (part 15). J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 20 (4): 933-953 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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