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Lycodon synaptor VOGEL & DAVID, 2010

IUCN Red List - Lycodon synaptor - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Boehme’s wolf Snake
G: Böhmes Wolfszahnnatter
Chinese: 东川白环蛇 
SynonymLycodon synaptor VOGEL & DAVID 2010
Lycodon synaptor — WALLACH et al. 2014: 396 
DistributionChina (Yunnan)

Type locality: “Tongchuan, Yunnan”, today Dongchuan, 100 km north of Kunming, Yunnan Province, People’s Republic of China.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1905.1.30.63 (listed as Lycodon fasciatus in BMNH), adult female (tail dissected). Collected by the J. Graham Expedition, unknown date. Paratype. MNHN 1905.0283, adult female (tail dissected), from “Tongchuan Fu, Chine”, at present Dongchuan, Yunnan Province, People’s Republic of China. Collected by W. F. H. Rosenberg on 21st July 1905. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A species of the genus Lycodon characterized by: (1) loreal scale not entering orbit; (2) 15–17 dorsal scale rows at the forepart of the body and 17 dorsal scale rows at midbody; (3) upper and vertebral dorsal rows (6–7) keeled; (4) 201–203 ventrals in females, males unknown; (5) 68–69 Sc in females, males unknown; (6) a relative tail length of about 0.189–0.192 in females, males unknown; (7) 8 supralabials with SL 4–6 touching the orbit (7) 30–31 narrow white bands on a dark body; (8) width of the first band vertebral 0.5–1.0 scales, on the base 3 ventrals; and (9) the belly with discreet bands throughout. The new species can be recognized by the combination of the loreal scale not entering orbit (entering in L. fasciatus sensu stricto), its narrow dorsal bands, with the first band starting at ventral 5–9 (more irregular in L. fasciatus [Fig. 4] and species of the L. ruhstrati group, where they usually start later) and the dark throat, which usually is light in other species of the L. fasciatus group and the L. ruhstrati group. Most other characters match with Lycodon fasciatus. 
Etymology“This species is indirectly named in honour of Dr. Wolfgang Böhme. It was always a publicized aim of Wolfgang Böhme to unite professional and amateur herpetologists. We, both authors have always been amateur herpetologists, so it is a delight for us to dignify his efforts towards this aim. The specific name synaptor, a noun in apposition, stems from the Greek word “συναψις” meaning “a connection”. In this case, this noun underlines the connection of these two kinds of herpetologists.” 
  • Janssen HY, Pham CT, Ngo HT, Le MD, Nguyen TQ, Ziegler T 2019. A new species of Lycodon Boie, 1826 (Serpentes, Colubridae) from northern Vietnam. ZooKeys 875: 1-29 - get paper here
  • Vogel, G. & Luo, J. 2011. A new species of the genus Lycodon (Boie, 1826) from the southwestern mountains of China (Squamata: Colubridae). Zootaxa 2807: 29–40 - get paper here
  • Vogel, Gernot & Patrick David 2010. A new species of the genus Lycodon (Boie, 1826) from Yunnan Province, China (Serpentes: Colubridae). Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (2): 289–296 - get paper here
  • VOGEL, GERNOT; PATRICK DAVID 2019. A new species of the Lycodon fasciatus complex from the Khorat Plateau, eastern Thailand (Reptiles, Squamata, Colubridae). Zootaxa 4577 (3): 515–528 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang K, Lyu ZT, Wang J, Qi S, Che J 2022. Updated Checklist and Zoogeographic Division of the Reptilian Fauna of Yunnan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (4): 21326, 1–31 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • ZHANG, JUN; KE JIANG, GERNOT VOGEL & DINGQI RAO 2011. A new species of the genus Lycodon (Squamata, Colubridae) from Sichuan Province, China. Zootaxa 2982: 59–68 - get paper here
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