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Lycodonomorphus obscuriventris FITZSIMONS, 1963

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Floodplain Water Snake 
SynonymLycodonomorphus whytii obscuriventris FITZSIMONS 1963: 26
Lycodonomorphus whytii obscuriventris — FITZSIMONS 1966
Lycodonomorphus obscuriventris — BRANCH 1993: 1
Lycodonomorphus obscuriventris — BROADLEY 1995
Lycodonomorphus obscuriventris — BROADLEY & BLAYLOCK 2013
Lycodonomorphus obscuriventris — WALLACH et al. 2014: 398
Lycodonomorphus obscuriventris — KEATES et al. 2022 
DistributionS Malawi, Mozambique, SE Zimbabwe, NE South Africa (Broadley 1995), Eswatini

Type locality: Ngirivane Windmill, Kruger National Park, Transvaal, South Africa, approx. 24° 20’ S, 31° 40’ E.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesType: DNMNH (= TM) 26665; other specimens: PEM 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Immediately distinguished from L. r. rufulus by the much shorter tail and correspondingly lower number of subcaudals, and the darkened under surface. Close to L. whytii, but differing therefrom on its generally stouter build and dark under surface. (Fitzsimons 1963) 
CommentHabitat: floodplains

Distribution: see map in Keates et al. 2022: 3 (Fig. 1) 
EtymologyNamed after the collector of the types, “Mr. Alex. White, F.Z.S.” (but still spelled “whytii” in the original description of Boulenger). 
References
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1995. A small collection of reptiles and amphibians from central and southern Malawi. African Herp News (24): 16-18 - get paper here
  • FitzSimons, V. 1963. A new subspecies of water-snake from Kruger National Park. Koedoe 7: 26-29 - get paper here
  • Fitzsimons, V. 1966. A check-list, with syntopic keys, to the snakes of southern Africa. Annals Transvaal Museum 25 (3): 35-79 - get paper here
  • Keates, C., Conradie, W., Dalu, T., Dondofema, F., Riddel, E. S., & Wasserman, R. J. 2022. Phylogenetic placement of the enigmatic Floodplain water snake, Lycodonomorphus obscuriventris FitzSimons, 1964. Koedoe, 64(1): 9 - get paper here
  • KYLE, KIRSTY JANE; GRAHAM J. ALEXANDER & LOUIS H. DU PREEZ. 2021. Habitat associations, reproduction, and geographical distribution of Lycodonomorphus obscuriventris (Serpentes: Lamprophiidae). Herpetology Notes 14: 865-867 - get paper here
  • Kyle, Kirsty Jane; Graham J. Alexander, Louis H. Du Preez 2021. Habitat associations, reproduction, and geographical distribution of Lycodonomorphus obscuriventris (Serpentes: Lamprophiidae). Herpetology Notes 14: 865-867 - get paper here
  • Pietersen, Darren, Verburgt, Luke & Davies, John 2021. Snakes and other reptiles of Zambia and Malawi. Struik Nature / Penguin Random House South Africa, 376 pp., ISBN 9781775847373
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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