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Lycophidion semiannule PETERS, 1854

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Lamprophiinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Eastern Wolf Snake
G: Östliche Wolfsnatter 
SynonymLycophidium semiannulis PETERS 1854: 622
Lycophidium semiannulis — BOULENGER 1893: 339
Lycophidion semiannule — LAURENT 1968
Lycophidion semiannule — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 25
Lycophidion semiannule — BROADLEY 1996
Lycophidion semiannule — WALLACH et al. 2014: 411 
DistributionS Mozambique, Republic of South Africa (N Zululand), Zambia, Zimbabwe, SE Malawi.

Type locality: “Tette” [Mozambique]; in error, possibly from Inhambane fide BROADLEY (cited in BAUER 1995).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 4813 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Only one apical pit. Snout shorter than the parietals. Postnasal in contact with both 1st and 2nd labials. Scale rows 17-17-17. Ventrals: 134-148 )females), 144-168 (males). Subcaudals: 27-31 (males), 18-30 (females). Brownish, the individual scales generally white stippled or white bordered. A broad white band with sinuous border around the head. Belly and throat dark [from LAURENT 1968]. 
CommentDistribution: Not in South Africa according to A. Bauer & A. Feldman (pers. comm., 9 Mar 2011). Map: Laurent 1968: 482, Broadley 1996. Not in East Africa (i.e. Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi fide S. Spawls, pers. comm., 28 June 2018).

Synnymy: this species is regarded as a synonym of Lycophidion acutirostre (S. Spawls, pers. comm., 28 June 2018). 
Etymology 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D G 1992. The taxonomy and zoogeography of the genus Lycophidion (Serpentes: Colubridae). Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 40: 30-36 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1996. A revision of the genus Lycophidion Fitzinger (Serpentes: Colubridae) in Africa south of the equator. Syntarsus 3: 1-33.
  • Jacobsen, Niels H.G.; Errol W. Pietersen & Darren W. Pietersen 2010. A preliminary herpetological survey of the Vilanculos Coastal Wildlife Sanctuary on the San Sebastian Peninsula, Vilankulo, Mozambique. Herpetology Notes 3: 181-193 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1968. A re-examination of the snake genus Lycophidion Duméril & Bibron. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 136 (12): 461-482 - get paper here
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1854. Diagnosen neuer Batrachier, welche zusammen mit der früher (24. Juli und 17. August) gegebenen Übersicht der Schlangen und Eidechsen mitgetheilt werden. Ber. Bekanntmach. Geeignet. Verhandl. Königl.-Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1854: 614-628
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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