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Lygisaurus laevis (OUDEMANS, 1894)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Rainforest Edge Litter-skink, Rainforest Litter-skink 
SynonymLygosoma laeve OUDEMANS 1894: 144
Carlia novaeguineae — COGGER 1983: 139
Lygisaurus laevis — COGGER 2000: 539
Carlia laevis — STUART -FOX et al. 2002
Lygisaurus laevis — DOLMAN & HUGALL 2008 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality: Cooktown, Qld.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: ZMA.RENA 10994 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: L. laevis is a large (maximum SV length of 37 mm) Lygisaurus with a moveable eyelid containing a small disc, a character it shares with L. tanneri, L. sesbrauna and L. macfarlani. Table 1 summarizes features which distinguish these four species. Other characters (midbody scale count, chin-vent scale number, lamellae under the 4th toe, and numbers of scales between the second presubocular and the nasal) arc not use ful in distinguishing the species. Table I emphasises the similarity of these four species. It shows that L. laevis is most difficult to dis tinguish from L. sesbrauna from which it is dis tinguished consistently only by ear shape and size of ear lobules (Ingram and Covacevich, 1988: 344). 
CommentLygosoma laeve is a synonym of Liolopisma novaeguineae (MEYER) fide DAAN & HILLENIUS 1966 and LOVERIDGE 1934. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Daan, S. & Hillenius,D. 1966. Catalogue of the type specimens of amphibians and reptiles in the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam. Beaufortia 13: 117-144
  • Dolman, Gaynor & Andrew F. Hugall 2008. Combined mitochondrial and nuclear data enhance resolution of a rapid radiation of Australian rainbow skinks (Scincidae: Carlia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (3): 782-794 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1934. Australian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 77: 243-383 - get paper here
  • Oudemans, J. Th. 1894. Eidechsen und Schildkröten. In Semon, R. Zoologische Forschungsreisen in Australien und dem Malayischen Archipel. Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena, 8:127—146 - get paper here
  • Stuart-Fox, Devi M., Andrew F. Hugall, and Craig Moritz 2002. A molecular phylogeny of rainbow skinks (Scincidae: Carlia): taxonomic and biogeographic implications. Australian Journal of Zoology 50: 39–51 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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