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Lygodactylus mirabilis (PASTEUR, 1962)

IUCN Red List - Lygodactylus mirabilis - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymMillotisaurus mirabilis PASTEUR 1962
Millotisaurus mirabilis — KLUGE 1993
Millotisaurus mirabilis — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 285
Millotisaurus mirabilis — RÖSLER 1995: 133
Lygodactylus (Millotisaurus) mirabilis — PASTEUR 1995
Lygodactylus (Millotisaurus) mirabilis — RÖSLER 2000: 93
Lygodactylus mirabilis — PUENTE et al. 2009: 40
Lygodactylus mirabilis — RÖLL et al. 2010
Lygodactylus mirabilis — RÖSLER 2018: 12 
DistributionMadagascar (Mount Tsiafajovona)

Type locality: Tsiafajavona, Madagascar, 2300 to 2500 m elevation  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 1966.1000; paratypes: NMW 16905 and MNHN-RA 1966.0999 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A small species with an apparently rather short snout, endemic to high elevations on the Ankaratra Massif. Assigned to the L. mirabilis group based on its keeled dorsal scales and clear ocellated/striated polymorphism of the dorsal pattern. It differs from the other three species in the Lygodactylus mirabilis group by the absence of the first finger (present but without claw in L. intermedius and L. montanus, and present with claw in L. blanci). It further differs from L. intermedius by the absence of distinct dark spots on the throat (versus presence). (PUENTE et al. 2009) 
CommentThis species exists in two color variants: one with stripes and one with speckles; both have yellow bellies.

Habitat. Basic ecological and biological data are given and discussed by Pasteur (1962) and Vences et al. (2002). The species is found only in high elevations of the Ankaratra Massif, an area of harsh and very variable weather conditions, with strong day-night temperature differences (2ºC in the night and more than 20ºC during the day). The species lives in montane grassland with some ericoid bushes, especially in areas with groups of stones or rocks.

Karyotype: see Mezzasalma et al. 2016.

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
Etymologyfrom the Latin adjective mirabilis ("remarkable"): “Je l’ai apellé ... Millotisaurus mirabilis, moins dans le sens de , bien que sa pigmentation soit assez peu banale pour un gecko, que dans celui de : il est en effet quelque chose de nouveau non seulement parmi les Lygodactyles, mais même pour la famille des Gekkonidés, tout entière” (Pasteur 1964). Lygodactylus (Millotisaurus) mirabilis—Pasteur (1995). 
  • Chiari, Y.; Vieites, D.R.; Guo, J.; Bora, P. & Vences, M. 2009. High haplotype diversity in a microendemic Malagasy gecko species, Lygodactylus mirabilis (Pasteur, 1962). Zootaxa 2269: 43–52 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Krüger, Jens 2001. Die madagassischen Gekkoniden. Teil II: Die Geckos der Gattung Lygodactylus GRAY 1864 (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 3: 3-28
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Mezzasalma M., Andreone F., Aprea G., Glaw F., Odierna G., Guarino F. M. 2016. Molecular phylogeny, biogeography and chromosome evolution of Malagasy dwarf geckos of the genus Lygodactylus (Squamata, Gekkonidae). Zoologica Scripta 46: 42–54, DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12188 - get paper here
  • Pasteur G 1995. Biodiversite et reptiles: diagnoses de sept nouvelles especes fossiles et actuelles du genre de lezards Lygodactylus (Sauria, Gekkonidae). [includes L. succinarius, an extinct species]. Dumerilia 2: 1-21
  • Pasteur, G. 1962. Notes préliminaires sur les lygodactyles (gekkonidés). III. Diagnose de Millotisaurus gen. nov., de Madagascar. Societe des Sciences Naturelles et Physiques du Maroc, (3):65—66
  • PORTIK, DANIEL M.; SCOTT L. TRAVERS, AARON M. BAUER, WILLIAM R. BRANCH 2013. A new species of Lygodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) endemic to Mount Namuli, an isolated ‘sky island’ of northern Mozambique. Zootaxa 3710 (5): 415–435 - get paper here
  • PUENTE, MARTA; FRANK GLAW, DAVID R. VIEITES & MIGUEL VENCES 2009. Review of the systematics, morphology and distribution of Malagasy dwarf geckos, genera Lygodactylus and Microscalabotes (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2103: 1-76 - get paper here
  • Röll, B. 2004. Tagaktive Zwerggeckos aus Afrika und Madagaskar: die Gattung Lygodactylus. Draco 5 (18): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Röll, B. 2013. Tagaktive Zwerggeckos der Gattung Lygodactylus - Lebensweise - Haltung - Nachzucht. Natur und Tier Verlag, 118 pp. - get paper here
  • Röll, B. 2018. Tagaktive, kleine Geckos – die Gattung Lygodactylus. Reptilia 23 (132): 16-23
  • Röll, Beate 2002. Delightful Dwarfs: Diurnal Geckos of the Genus Lygodactylus. Gekko 3 (2): 21-33
  • Röll, Beate; Heike Pröhl, Klaus-Peter Hoffmann 2010. Multigene phylogenetic analysis of Lygodactylus dwarf geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 327-335 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, H. 2018. Haftbar -- Die einzigartige Welt der Geckos. Begleitheft zur Ausstellung im Naturkundemuseum Erfurt Mai-Aug 2018, 96 pp.
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
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