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Lygodactylus picturatus (PETERS, 1870)

IUCN Red List - Lygodactylus picturatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesLygodactylus picturatus picturatus (PETERS 1870)
Lygodactylus picturatus sudanensis LOVERIDGE 1935 
Common NamesE: Painted Dwarf Gecko, White-headed Dwarf Gecko
G: Gelbkopf-Zwerggecko
sudanensis: Sudani Dwarf Gecko 
SynonymHemidactylus variegatus PETERS 1868: 449 (not of DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836)
Hemidactylus picturatus PETERS 1870: 115 (nom. subst. pro H. variegatus)
Lygodactylus picturatus — BOULENGER 1885: 161
Lygodactylus picturatus var. griseus TORNIER 1896
Lygodactylus picturatus var. septemlineatus TORNIER 1896: 15
Lygodactylus septemstriatus [TORNIER 1897] (invalid emendation)
Lygodactylus picturatus var. quinquelineatus TORNIER 1896: 15
Lygodactylus picturatus var. quinquestriata TORNIER 1896: 25 (invalid emend.)
Lygodactylus picturatus — KLUGE 1993
Lygodactylus (Lygodactylus) picturatus — RÖSLER 2000: 94
Lygodactylus picturatus — RÖLL et al. 2010

Lygodactylus picturatus sudanensis LOVERIDGE 1935
Lygodactylus picturatus sudanensis LOVERIDGE 1935: 197
Lygodactylus picturatus sudanensis — KLUGE 1993
Lygodactylus (Lygodactylus) picturatus sudanensis — RÖSLER 2000: 94
Lygodactylus sudanensis — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 328 
Distributioncoastal SE Kenya (Kilindini, Island Mombasa), NE Tanzania, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Island Mafia, Somalia, Zanzibar (Saranda/Dodoma District), (Killilindi/Mombasa Suranda/Ugogo), Zambia, SE Zaire, S Sudan (Abu Zor/Senaar), Eritrea, Ethiopia, Central African Republic, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Mali (likely; Joger & Lambert 1996), Gambia (Lygodactylus gutturalis, HÅKANSSON 1981)

S Cameroon (Foulassi), Guinea, Cameroon, Nigeria, Uganda, Rwanda ?, Burundi ?, Equatorial Guinea ?, Benin ?, Togo ?, Ghana ?, Ivory Coast ?, Liberia ?, Sierra Leone ?, Guinea-Bissau ?

sudanensis: Eritrea, Sudan, Ethiopia; Type locality: “Abu Zor, Senaar, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan”

Type locality: “Zanzibarküste” [Tanzania] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: ZMB 5570
Holotype: MCZ 8800 [sudanensis] 
CommentSubspecies: Lygodactylus picturatus gutturalis (BOCAGE 1873) and Lygodactylus picturatus mombasicus LOVERIDGE 1935 have been elevated to full species status.

Synonymy: Mostly after Loveridge 1947 and Wermuth 1965. Listed in LeBreton 1999 as being a synonym of Lygodactylus gutturalis dysmicus. Lygodactylus picturatus ukerewensis LOVERIDGE 1935 is listed as a synonym of L. manni by BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991.

Sympatry: L. mombasicus (Kenya) 
  • Angel, Fernand 1925. Résultats Scientifiques. Vertebrata. Reptiles et Batraciens. [Mabuia (Mabuiopsis) jeanneli, Lygosoma graueri quinquedigitata, Ablepharus massaiensis]. In: Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911-1912). - Paris, 2: 1-63.
  • Bocage,J.V.B. 1873. Melanges erpetologiques. II. Sur quelques reptiles et batraciens nouveaux, rares ou peu connus d‘Afrique occidentale. Jorn. Acad. Sci. Lisboa 4: 209-227
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1891. On some Reptiles collected by Sig. L. Bricchetti Robecchi in Somaliland. Ann. Mus. St. nat. Genova (2) 12: 5-15 [1892?]
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Calabresi, E. 1915. Contributo alla conoscenza dei rettili della Somalia. Monitore Zoologico Italiano (supplemento), 28:234—247. - get paper here
  • Castiglia, Riccardo 2004. First chromosomal analysis for the genus Lygodactylus (Gray, 1864): the karyotype of L. picturatus (Squamata, Gekkonidae, Gekkoninae). African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 95-97 - get paper here
  • Castiglia, Riccardo and Flavia Annesi. 2011. The phylogenetic position of Lygodactylus angularis and the utility of using the 16S rDNA gene for delimiting species in Lygodactylus (Squamata, Gekkonidae). Acta Herpetologica 6 (1): 35-45 - get paper here
  • Grubermann, M. 2013. Einige fotografische Beobachtungen an Agamen in Kenia, Tansania, Malawi, Südafrika und Namibia. Iguana 26 (1): 23-33
  • Klitscher, Tom. 2014. Herpetologische Beobachtungen in Sambia, Simbabwe, Malawi und Tansania. Sauria 36 (1): 3-8 - get paper here
  • Kunz, K. 2012. Kleine Tiere, kleine Terarrien, großer Anspruch: Nano-Terraristik!. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (97): 22-31 - get paper here
  • Lantermann, W. & Lantermann, Y. 2009. Herpetologische Reiseeindrücke aus den Ost-Usambara-Bergen in Tanzania. Elaphe 17 (2): 53-61
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Loveridge, A. 1923. Notes on East African lizards collected 1920-1923 with the description of two new races of Agama lionotus Blgr. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1923: 935-969 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1935. New geckos of the genus Lygodactylus from Somaliland, Sudan, Kenya, and Tanganyika. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 48:195-200. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1920. Notes on East African lizards collected 1915-1919, with description of a new genus and species of skink and new subspecies of gecko. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1920: 131-167 - get paper here
  • Maderson, P.F.A. 1968. The Epidermal glands of Lygodactylus (Gekkonidae, Lacertilia). Breviora (288): 1-35 - get paper here
  • Malonza, Patrick K.; Victor D. Wasonga, Vincent Muchai , Damaris Rotich, Beryl A. Bwong; A.M. Bauer 2006. DIVERSITY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY OF HERPETOFAUNA OF THE TANA RIVER PRIMATE NATIONAL RESERVE, KENYA. Journal of East African Natural History 95(2): 95–109
  • Parker, H. W. 1942. The lizards of British Somaliland. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 1—101 - get paper here
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1868. Über eine neue Nagergattung, Chiropodomys penicullatus, sowie über einige neue oder weniger bekannte Amphibien und Fische. M. Ber. k. preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1868 : 448-461 - get paper here
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1870. Eine Mitteilung über neue Amphibien (Hemidactylus, Urosaura, Tropidolepisma, Geophis, Uriechis, Scaphiophis, Hoplocephlaus, Rana, Entomogossus, Cystignathus, Hylodes, Arthroleptis, Phyllobates, Cophomantis) des Königlich-zoologischen Museums. Monatsber. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1870: 641-652
  • PORTIK, DANIEL M.; SCOTT L. TRAVERS, AARON M. BAUER, WILLIAM R. BRANCH 2013. A new species of Lygodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) endemic to Mount Namuli, an isolated ‘sky island’ of northern Mozambique. Zootaxa 3710 (5): 415–435 - get paper here
  • Röll, B. 2004. Zwerggeckos - Lygodactylus. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Röll, B. 2004. Tagaktive Zwerggeckos aus Afrika und Madagaskar: die Gattung Lygodactylus. Draco 5 (18): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Röll, B. 2004. Lygodactylus luteopicturatus PASTEUR 1965 [1964]: ein Synonym von Lygodactylus picturatus (PETERS 1870) (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Sauria, Berlin 26 (1): 31-35 - get paper here
  • Röll, B. 2013. Tagaktive Zwerggeckos der Gattung Lygodactylus - Lebensweise - Haltung - Nachzucht. Natur und Tier Verlag, 118 pp. - get paper here
  • Röll, Beate 1994. Lygodactylus picturatus (Peters, 1870). Sauria 16 (3) Suppl.: 307-310 - get paper here
  • Röll, Beate 2002. Delightful Dwarfs: Diurnal Geckos of the Genus Lygodactylus. Gekko 3 (2): 21-33
  • Röll, Beate; Heike Pröhl, Klaus-Peter Hoffmann 2010. Multigene phylogenetic analysis of Lygodactylus dwarf geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 327-335 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Studien an den Begattungsorganen der Geckos (Reptilia: Gekkota) - 2. Die Hemipenismorphologie von Lygodactylus GRAY 1864 (Gekkonidae: Gekkoninae). Gekkota 2: 208-219
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Sternfeld,R. 1917. Reptilia und Amphibia. In: Schubotz, H. (Hrsg.): Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Zweiten Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition, 1910-1911 unter Führung Adolph Friedrichs, Herzog zu Mecklenburg. Leipzig: Klinkhardt & Biermann, [Band] 1, Zoologie, Lieferung 11; S. 407-510. - get paper here
  • Tornier,G. 1897. Die Kriechthiere Deutsch-Ostafrikas. Beiträge zur Systematik und Descendenzlehre. D. Reimer, Berlin, 164 pp.
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