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Lygosoma bowringii (GÜNTHER, 1864)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Lygosominae, Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Christmas Island Grass-skink, Bowring’s Supple Skink
G: Bowrings Laubskink 
SynonymEumeces bowringii GÜNTHER 1864: 91
Euprepes (Riopa) punctatolineatus PETERS 1871: 30 (in error)
Euprepes (Riopa) punctatostriatus PETERS 1871: 31
Lygosoma bowringii — BOULENGER 1887: 308
Lygosoma comotti — BOULENGER 1887: 622 (fide SMITH 1935)
Lygosoma whiteheadi MOCQUARD 1890
Riopa bowringi — DUNN 1927
Riopa bowringi — SMITH 1935: 315
Riopa bowringi — TAYLOR 1963: 977
Mochlus bowringi — EBENHARD & SJÖGREN 1984: 24
Lygosoma bowringii - COGGER 1994
Riopa bowringii - MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 274
Lygosoma bowringii (Riopa bowringii) — COX et al. 1998: 114
Riopa punctatostriatus
Riopa bowringii — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 142
Riopa bowringi — PAUWELS et al. 2000
Lygosoma bowringii — COGGER 2000: 730
Riopa bowringi — HIEN et al. 2001
Riopa bowringii — MALKMUS et al. 2002: 281
Riopa bowringi — PAUWELS et al. 2003
Lygosoma bowringii — GROSSMANN & TILLACK 2004
Lygosoma bowringii — WOOD et al. 2004
Riopa bowringii — BOBROV & SEMENOV 2008
Lygosoma bowringii — GEISSLER et al. 2012 
DistributionWest Malaysia, Pulau Tioman, Johor: Pulau Besar, Pulau Sibu; India (Andaman Islands),
Philippines (Sulu Archipelago),
Indonesia (Borneo, Sumatra ?, Java, Sulawesi),
China (Hong Kong ), Singapore, India,
Indochina west to Myanmar (= Burma), Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,
Australia (Cook Islands)

Type locality: Hongkong. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: unknown (fide SANG et al. 2009) 
CommentThe original description is available online (see link below).

SVL < 60 mm.

Reproduction: oviparous, up to 5 eggs per clutch. 
References
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.E. 1887. An account of the Scincoid lizards collected from Burma for the Genoa Civic Museum by Messrs. G.B. Comotto and L. Fea. Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova (2) 4: 618-624 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cogger,H.G. 1994. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 5th ed. Reed Books/Cornell University Press, 788 pp.
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • Dunn, E. R. 1927. Results of the Douglas Burden Expedition to the Island of Komodo. III.- Lizards from the East Indies. American Museum Novitates (288): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Ebenhard, T. & Sjögren, P. 1984. Life on a tropical mountain. 2. The reptiles of Mt. Kinabalu. Nature Malaysiana 9 (3): 16-27
  • GEISSLER, PETER; TIMO HARTMANN & THY NEANG 2012. A new species of the genus Lygosoma Hardwicke & Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Scincidae) from northeastern Cambodia, with an updated identification key to the genus Lygosoma in mainland Southeast Asia. Zootaxa 3190: 56–68
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. 2013. Reproduction of Bowring's Supple Skink, Lygosoma bowringii (Scincidae) from Thailand. Hamadryad 36 (2): 168-171
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Thy Neang, Thou Chav, Perry L. Wood, Jr., Jamie R. Oaks, Jeremy Holden, Jesse L. Gr 2008. Additional amphibians and reptiles from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary in Northwestern Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia, with comments on their taxonomy and the discovery of three new species. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 56 (1): 161-175
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155]
  • Grismer, L.L. et al. 2007. THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE PHNOM AURAL WILDLIFE SANCTUARY AND CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE CARDAMOM MOUNTAINS, CAMBODIA. Hamadryad 31 (2): 216 – 241 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L., McGuire, J.A.; Sosa, R. & Kaiser, H. 2002. Revised checklist and comments on the terrestrial herpetofauna of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. Herpetological Review 33 (1): 26-29 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Youmans, T.M.; Wood, P.L. & Grismer, J.L. 2006. Checklist of the herpetofauna of the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia with comments on biogeography, natural history, and adaptive types. Raffles Bull. Zool. 54 (1): 157-180
  • Grossmann, W. & Tillack, F. 2004. Pulau Tioman - Perle im Südchinesischen Meer, Teil 1. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (50): 42-49 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • HARTMANN, Timo; Flora IHLOW, Sarah EDWARDS, SOVATH Sothanin, Markus HANDSCHUH and Wolfgang BÖHME 2013. A Preliminary Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of the Kulen Promtep Wildlife Sanctuary in Northern Cambodia Asian Herpetological Research 4(1): 36–55 - get paper here
  • Hien,P. Grossmann,W. & Schäfer, C. 2001. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der landbewohnenden Reptilienfauna von Pulau Tioman, West-Malaysia. Sauria 23 (4): 11-28 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1930. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Inseln Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa und Flores. Senck. Naturf. Gesell., Frankfurt am Main, Abhandl. 42(3): 117-344.
  • Mocquard, F. 1890. Le Naturaliste 12: 144 - get paper here
  • Nabhitabhata, J., T. Chan-ard and Y. Chuaynkern 2000. Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles in Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bankok. 152pp.
  • Pauwels,O.S.G. et al. 2000. Herpetological investigations in Phang-Nga Province, southern Peninsular Thailand, with a list of reptile species and notes on their biology. Dumerilia 4 (2): 123-154 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1871. Über neue Eidechsen (Egernia krefftii, Euprepes (Riopa) punctatolineatus). Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1871 (Februar): 30-32 - get paper here
  • Ross C A 1989. Probable introduction of Lygosoma bowringi in Zamboanga City, Philippines. Herpetological Review 20 (1): 6. - get paper here
  • Roux,J. 1911. Elbert-Sunda-Expedition des Frankfurter Vereins für Geographie und Statistik. Reptilien und Amphibien. Zool. Jahrb. Syst., Jena, 30 (5): 495-508 - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Stuart, B.L. & Emmett, D.A. 2006. A Collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from the Cardamom Mountains, Southwestern Cambodia. Fieldiana Zool. N.S. (109): 1-27 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1963. The lizards of Thailand. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 44: 687-1077. - get paper here
  • Teo, R.C.H. & Rajathurai, S. 1997. Mammals, reptiles and amphibians in the Nature Reserves of Singapore - diversity, abundance and distribution. Proc. Nature Reserves Survey Seminar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 49: 353-425
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738.
  • Wood, Perry L.; Hinrich Kaiser; Stephany<br />Looper; Timothy M. Youmans; Jesse L.<br />Grismer and 2004. A first report on the herpetofauna of Pulau Besar, Johor, West Malaysia. Hamadryad 28 (1&2): 106-109 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T; Schmitz, A; Heidrich, A; Vu, NT; Nguyen, QT 2007. A new species of Lygosoma (Squamata: Sauria: Scincidae) from the Central Truong Son, Vietnam, with notes on its molecular phylogenetic position. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 114 (2): 397-415 - get paper here
 
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