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Lygosoma quadrupes (LINNAEUS, 1766)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Lygosominae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Short-limbed Supple Skink, Linnaeus' Writhing Skink
G: Asiatischer Schlankskink 
SynonymAnguis quadrupes LINNAEUS 1766: 390
Lacerta serpens BLOCH 1776
Lacerta abdominalis THUNBERG 1787:
Scincus brachypus SCHNEIDER 1799: 192
Seps pentadactylus DAUDIN 1802
Podophis quadrupes — WIEGMANN 1834
Lygosoma abdominalis GRAY 1839: 332
Lygosoma brachypoda DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 721
Lygosoma brachypoda — GRAVENHORST 1851: 367
Eumeces chalcides — LEIDY 1884: 66 (?)
Lygosoma chalcides BOULENGER 1887: 340
Lygosoma chalcides — TAYLOR 1922: 233
Lygosoma quadrupes — COCHRAN 1930
Lygosoma quadrupes — SMITH 1935: 290
Lygosoma quadrupes — TAYLOR 1963: 1049
Lygosoma quadrupes — GREER 1970
Lygosoma quadrupes — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 108
Gongylus brachypoda — FRANK & RAMUS 1995: 187
Lygosoma quadrupes — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 267
Lygosoma quadrupes — COX et al. 1998: 115
Lygosoma quadrupes — GAULKE 1999
Lygosoma quadrupes — ZIEGLER et al. 2007
Lygosoma quadrupes — KOCH 2012 
DistributionVietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, S China, Hong Kong, West Malaysia, Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Salayar, Bali, Sulawesi), Philippines (Palawan, Calamian Islands)

Type locality: Java.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: unknown (fide SANG et al. 2009) 
CommentSynonymy after SMITH 1935. The name Podophis has been also suggested for an extinct snake, Podophis descouensi RAGE & ESCUILLIÉ 2000. Later this name was replaced by Eupodophis descouensi RAGE & ESCUILLIÉ 2002.

Type Species: Anguis quadrupes LINNAEUS 1766 is the type species of the genus Lygosoma HARDWICKKE & GRAY 1827. Lygosoma is also the type genus of the (sub-) family Lygosominae (or Lygosomidae). Note that the correct group name is actually Lygosomatinae (-idae), following Article 29 of the Code . However, prevailing usage dictates that the incorrect but established form of the family group name be used (Allen et al. 2017).

Lygosoma (Siaphos) lacertosum from Werner 1917 cannot be assigned to any known species given that the type specimen has been lost (J. Hallermann, pers. comm. 20 Dec 2013).

Reduced limbs. 
References
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  • Bloch 1776. Beschäft. Ges. Nat. Fr. Berlin 2: 28
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
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  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Darevsky I S. & Orlova V F. 1996. A new species of slender skinks, Lygosoma carinatum (Sauria, Scincidae), from South Vietnam [in Russian]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal (5): 791-795.
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  • Grismer, L. Lee; Thy Neang, Thou Chav, Perry L. Wood, Jr., Jamie R. Oaks, Jeremy Holden, Jesse L. Grismer, Thomas R. Szutz and Timothy M. Youmans 2008. Additional amphibians and reptiles from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary in Northwestern Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia, with comments on their taxonomy and the discovery of three new species. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 56 (1): 161-175 - get paper here
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