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Lyriocephalus scutatus (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Lyriocephalus scutatus - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: LyreShead Lizard
G: Lyrakopf-Agame 
SynonymLacerta scutata LINNAEUS 1758: 201
Iguana clamosa LAURENTI 1768 (fide SMITH 1935)
Lyriocephalus margaritaceus MERREM 1820: 49 (fide SMITH 1935)
Lyriocephalus margaritaceus — CUVIER 1831: 128
Lyriocephalus macgregorii GRAY 1835
Lyriocephalus margaritaceus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 427
Lyriocephalus scutatus — KELAART 1852: 166
Lyriocephalus scutatus — BOULENGER 1885: 281
Lyriocephalus scutatus — SMITH 1935: 155
Lyriocephalus scutatus — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 83
Lyriocephalus scutatus — SOMAWEERA & SOMAWEERA 2009 
DistributionSri Lanka (Ceylon)

Type locality: “Asia” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesIconotype: Seb. Mus. vol. I. pl. 109. fig. 3. Loc. Asia; Date. Unknown (Fig. 28 in Amarasinghe et al. 2009) 
CommentColor figure on title page of Elaphe 1/97 and in BARTS & WILMS 2003.

Conservation: “Uncommon” in Sri Lanka (BAHIR & SURASINGHE 2005).

Variation: Karunarathna et al. 2013 describe several color morphs.

Reproduction: L. scutatus lays about 2 – 4 eggs in range 23.1 – 25.1 mm (mean 24.2 ± 0.55) long and 14.6 – 15.3 mm (mean 15.0 ± 0.22) wide from February – April and October – December.

Type species: Lyriocephalus margaritaceus MERREM 1820 is the type species of the genus Lyriocephalus MERREM 1820. 
References
  • Amarasinghe, A. A. T.; U. Manthey, E. Stöckli, I. Ineich, S. 0 Kullander, F. Tiedemann, C. McCarthy 2009. The original descriptions and figures of Sri Lankan agamid lizards (Squamata: Agamidae) ofthe 18th and 19th centuries. Taprobanica 1 (1): 2-15 - get paper here
  • Bahir, M.M. & T. Surasinghe 2005. A conservation assessment of the Sri Lankan Agamidae (Reptilia: Sauria). Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. No. 12: 407-412
  • Bambaradeniya, C. N. B.;Samarawickrema, P. K.;Ranawana, K. B. 1997. Some observations on the natural history of Lyriocephalus scutatus (Linnaeus, 1776) (Reptilia: Agamidae). Lyriocephalus 3 (1): 25-28
  • Bandara, Imesh Nuwan 2012. Territorial and site fidelity behavior of Lyriocephalus scutatus (Agamidae: Draconinae) in Sri Lanka. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 5 (2): 101-113(e56). - get paper here
  • Bartelt, U. 2003. Anmerkungen zur Haltung und Nachzucht der Lyrakopfagame, Lyriocephalus scutatus (LINNAEUS 1758). Draco 4 (14): 64-69 - get paper here
  • Bartelt, U. & de Bitter, H. & de Bitter, M. 2005. Lyriocephalus scutatus - The Lyrehead Lizard. Reptilia (GB) (42): 29-36 - get paper here
  • Bartelt, U. & de Bitter, H. & de Bitter, M. 2005. Die Lyrakopfagame (Lyriocephalus scutatus). Reptilia (Münster) 10 (51): 41-49 - get paper here
  • Bartelt, U.; de Bitter H & M 2004. Lyriocephalus scutatus: Namkweek tot F3. Lacerta 62 (1): 21-31 - get paper here
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Cuvier, G. 1831. The Animal Kingdom arranged in conformity with its organization, by the Baron Cuvier, ... with additional descriptions of all the species hitherto named, and of many not before noticed, by Edward Griffith... and others. Vol. 9. Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London, 481 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Goonawardene, Suraj and Anslem de Silva 2005. Observations on the Lyre Head Dragon: Lyriocephalus scutatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Reptilia: Agamidae) in the central province. Lyriocephalus (Special Issue) 6(1-2):313-323
  • Gray. J. E. 1835. Illustrations of Indian Zoology, chiefly selected from the collection of Major - General Hardwicke. [Coluber bengalensis]. Vol. 2. London (1833-1834): 263 pp., 95 plates - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2005. The bizarre arboreal agamids. Reptilia (GB) (42): 8-15 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2005. Mit Hörnern, Kämmen und Gleithäuten - die bizarren Baumagamen. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (51): 18-25 - get paper here
  • Janzen, P. 2011. Morningside, ein abgelegener Hotspot in Sri Lanka. Iguana Rundschreiben 24 (1): 5-11
  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Adams Zufluchtsort: Sri Lanka. Draco 7 (30): 4-17 - get paper here
  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Die Agamen der Insel [Sri Lanka]. Draco 7 (30): 24-33 - get paper here
  • Janzen, Peter and Malaka Bopage 2011. The herpetofauna of a small and unprotected patch of tropical rainforest in Morningside, Sri Lanka. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 5 (2): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, D. M. S. Suranjan; A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2013. Behavioral Ecology and Microhabitat Use by Lyriocephalus scutatus (Linnaeus, 1758): a Monotypic Genus in Sri Lanka (Reptilia: Agamidae: Draconinae) with Notes on the Taxonomy. Russ. J. Herpetol. 20 (1): 1-15 - get paper here
  • Kelaart, E.E 1852. Ceylon Reptiles. In: Prodomus Faunae Zeylanicae. Vol. 1. Part 3. Colombo, pp. 143-187.
  • Kiehlmann,D. 1980. Über die Lyrakopfagamen, Lyriocephalus scutatus (LINNAEUS 1758). Herpetofauna 2 (8): 12-20 - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouy 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Pachmann,A. 2008. In 2 Jahren um die Welt - Jetzt gehts richtig los. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (71): 12-13 - get paper here
  • Prinz, H. & Prinz, T. 1986. Beobachtungen an der Lyrakopfagame (Lyriocephalus scutatus), ihre Haltung und Aufzucht. Herpetofauna 8 (43): 28-34 - get paper here
  • Schulte, II , James A.; J. Robert Macey, Rohan Pethiyagoda and Allan Larson 2002. Rostral Horn Evolution among Agamid Lizards of the Genus Ceratophora Endemic to Sri Lanka. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22: 111-117 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • Sri KANDAMBY 1994. Lyriocephalus 1(1-2): 46
  • Taylor,E.H. 1953. A review of the lizards of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35 (12): 1525-1585 - get paper here
 
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