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Lytorhynchus diadema (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesLytorhynchus diadema gaddi (NIKOLSKY 1907)
Lytorhynchus diadema diadema (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854)
Lytorhynchus diadema arabicus HAAS 1952 [status unclear]
Lytorhynchus diadema mesopotamicus HAAS 1952 [status unclear] 
Common NamesE: Crowned Leafnose Snake, Diademed Sand Snake, Awl-headed Snake
G: Gekrönte Schnauzennatter 
SynonymHeterodon diadema DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 779
Lytorhynchus diadema — PETERS 1862
Catachlein diadema — JAN 1865
Catachlaena diadema — BLANFORD 1881
Lytorhynchus diadema — BOULENGER 1887: 408
Lytorhynchus diadema — BOULENGER 1893: 415
Lytorhynchus gaddi NIKOLSKY 1907
Lytorhynchus gaddi — MARTENS 1993
Lithorhynchus diadema diadema [sic] — SOCHUREK 1979
Lytorhynchus diadema — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 494
Lytorhynchus diadema —TRAPE & MANÉ 2006

Lytorhynchus diadema gaddi (NIKOLSKY 1907)
Lytorhynchus gaddi NIKOLSKY 1907
Lytorhynchus gaddi — LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967: 181
Lytorhynchus gaddi — LEVITON 1977 
DistributionMauritania, Morocco, Western Sahara, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Niger, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Oman, SW Iran, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Kuwait, Oman

gaddi: Saudi Arabia, Iraq, SW Iran; Type locality: Dizful [= Dezful], Iran.

kennedyi: Syria, Jordan, SW Iraq; Type locality: “from between Homs and Palmyra” (Syria)

Type locality: Algeria Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype, MNHN 7560, a 380 mm female (Schousboe, 1850). 
CommentHolotype: CAS 84478 [gaddi]

L. (d.) kennedyi is considered by some authors as a color morph of L. diadema. 
References
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  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. A list of the reptiles and batrachians obtained near Muscat, Arabia, and presented to the British Museum by Surgeon-Major A.S.G. Jayakar. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 407-408 - get paper here
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