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Macropisthodon plumbicolor (CANTOR, 1839)

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Higher TaxaNatricidae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesMacropisthodon plumbicolor plumbicolor (CANTOR 1839)
Macropisthodon plumbicolor palabriya DERANIYAGALA 1955 
Common NamesE: Lead Keelback, Green Keelback
G: Grüne Kielrückenwassernatter 
SynonymTropidonotus plumbicolor CANTOR 1839: 54
Trigonocephalus ellioti JERDON 1853: 523 (fide SMITH 1943)
Xenodon viridis DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 765 (fide SMITH 1943)
Amphiesma brachyurum JAN 1865 (fide SMITH 1943)
Tropidonotus plumbicolor — BOULENGER 1890
Macropisthodon plumbicolor — BOULENGER 1893: 267
Macropisthodon plumbicolor — WALL 1921: 128
Macropisthodon plumbicolor — SMITH 1943: 314
Macropisthodon plumbicolor — DAS 1996: 57
Macropisthodon plumbicolor plumbicolor — MURTHY 2010

Macropisthodon plumbicolor palabriya DERANIYAGALA 1955
Macropisthodon plumbicolor palabariya [sic] — JANZEN et al. 2007 
DistributionIndia (Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat), Sri Lanka, Pakistan (Murray 1884), Myanmar

palabariya: Sri Lanka (endemic)

Type locality: Malwa [Saugor], Central India. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: based on specimen illustrated in Bodleian Library, Oxford. 
CommentDistribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). Not in Pakistan fide KHAN 2002 (pers. comm.) 
Etymologynamed after its color (Latin “plumbum” = lead), which is misleading because it is mostly green or occasionally brownish. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Cantor, T. E. 1839. Spicilegium serpentium indicorum [part 1]. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1839: 31-34 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & De Silva, A. 2005. Photographic guide to snakes and other reptiles of Sri Lanka. New Holland Publishers, 144 pp.
  • de Silva, A. 1998. Snakes of Sri Lanka: a checklist and an annotated bibliography. Dept. Wildlife Conservation/GEF/UNDP/FAO, Colombo.
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Fischer, C.E.C. 1906. Habitat of the Green Keelback (Macrophisthodon plumbicolor). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 527-528 - get paper here
  • Hoshing, Vikram; Sanjay Thakur & Anil Mahabal 2013. Cases of Total Albinism in Green Keelback Macropisthodon plumbicolor and Common Wolf Snake Lycodon aulicus (Colubridae). Reptile Rap (15): 46–47 - get paper here
  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Sri Lankas Schlangenfauna. Draco 7 (30): 56-64 - get paper here
  • Jerdon,T.C. 1854. Catalogue of the Reptiles inhabiting the Peninsula of India. Part 2. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal xxii: 522-534 [1853] - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan; D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (02): 69-76
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karslruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karslruhe, 124 pp.
  • Murray,J.A. 1884. The Vertebrate Zoology of Sind. London (Richardso) & Bombay, 424 pp.
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Pandit, Pranav; Jaydev Page, M.W. Kahsnis & Aditya Ponkshe 2010. Spirurid infestation in Green Keelback Macropisthodon plumbicolor: a case study. Reptile Rap (10): 19 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1950. The snakes of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (14): 519-603 - get paper here
  • Thakur, Sanjay 2011. A note on snakes of Kanha National Park and surrounding areas. Reptile Rap (11): 2-4 - get paper here
  • VYAS, R. & V. PRAJAPATI 2010. Notizen zu Reptilien aus den Salher Hills, Nord - Sahyadri, Bundesstaat Maharashtra, Indien. Sauria 32 (4): 70-74 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Herptofauna of Puma Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (8): 10-15 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2011. Reptilian diversity in and around the Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (11): 5-15 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2011. Priliminary Survey on Reptiles of Jassore Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat State, India. Russian Journal of Herpetology 18 (3): 210-214 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2013. Snake diversity and voluntary rescue practice in the cities of Gujarat State, India: an evaluation. Reptile Rap (15): 27-39 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1905. Notes on some Bangalore Snakes. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 16: 389-394 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1906. A Popular Treatise on the Common Indian Snakes. Part II. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 1-17 - get paper here
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages
 
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