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Macroprotodon cucullatus (GEOFFROY-ST-HILAIRE, 1827)

IUCN Red List - Macroprotodon cucullatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: False Smooth Snake
G: Kaputzennatter, Kapuzennatter
D: Mutslang 
SynonymColuber cucullatus GEOFFROY DE ST-HILAIRE 1827: 148, 151
Coronella cucullata — GÜNTHER 1858: 35 (part.)
Lycognathus cucullatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 926 (part.)
Lycognathus textilis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 931
Coronella textilis — STRAUCH 1862: 67
Psammophylax cucullatus — JAN & SORDELLI 1866: 312
Psammophylax cucullatus var. textilis — JAN & SORDELLI 1866: 312
Macroprotodon cucullatus — BOULENGER 1891: 149 (part.)
Macroprotodon textilis — ROCHEBRUNE 1884: 160
Coronella cucullata — BOETTGER 1885
Macroprotodon cucullatus — BOULENGER 1913
Macroprotodon cucullatus melanocephala — MOSAUER & WALLIS 1927: 305
Macroprotodon cucullatus cucullatus — PASTEUR & BONS 1960: 87 (part.)
Macroprotodon cucullatus mauritanicus — BUSACK & MCCOY 1990: 268 (part.)
Macroprotodon cucullatus — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 496
Macroprotodon cucullatus — CARRANZA et al. 2004
Macroprotodon cucullatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 419 
Distribution[not corrected for removal of brevis and ibericus]

S Spain (introduced to Mallorca, Menorca), Portugal,
Italy (Lampedusa, Pelagie islands [E. RAZZETTI, pers. comm.]),
Morocco, Western Sahara, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Israel

Type locality: Lower Egypt Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: lost fide Busack & McCoy 1990: 268.
Holotype: ZMB 10096 [Macroprotodon maroccanus PETERS 1882] 
CommentSynonymy mostly after WADE (2001).

Subspecies: Macroprotodon cucullatus mauritanicus GUICHENOT 1850 is now considered as valid species by most authors.

Illustration of M. c. brevis in Schlüter (2004).

CARRANZA et al. (2004) recognizes 4 species of Macroprotodon: M. cucullatus, M. brevis, M. mauritanicus, and M. abubakeri WADE 2001. They also recognized the subspecies M. b. brevis and M. b. ibericus and M. c. cucullatus and M. c. textilis while WADE (2001) synonymizes ibericus with brevis. In fact, CARRANZA et al. (2004) suggested that the textilis clade is paraphyletic with brevis and both could be renamed “textilis” as this is the older name.

Not in Mauritania fide Padial (pers. comm.). 
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