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Macrovipera schweizeri (WERNER, 1935)

IUCN Red List - Macrovipera schweizeri - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesG: Milosotter 
SynonymVipera lebetina schweizeri WERNER 1935: 117
Vipera lebetina siphnensis WETTSTEIN 1952
Vipera schweizeri - NILSON & ANDRÉN 1988
Daboia lebetina schweizeri - OBST 1983
Macrovipera schweizeri - HERRMANN, JOGER & NILSON 1992
Daboia lebetina schweizeri — ENGELMANN et al. 1993
Vipera schweizeri — WELCH 1994: 123
Macrovipera schweizeri — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 386
Macrovipera schweizeri — SCHWEIGER 2009
Macrovipera schweizeri — LIVIGNI 2013: 343 
DistributionGreece (Milos, Syphnos [= Sifnou = Siphnos], Kimolos, Polynos = Polyaigos = Polinos ?)

Type locality: “Insel Milos”, Greece Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesLectotype: MCZ 37000 
CommentVenomous! 
References
  • ADAMOPOULOU, CH. & VALAKOS, E. D. & LEGAKIS, A. 1997. Notes on the diet and reproduction of the Cyclades Blunt-nosed Viper, Macrovipera schweizeri (WERNER, 1935). Herpetozoa 10 - get paper here
  • BODSON, Liliane 2009. L’interprétation des noms grecs et latins d’animaux illustrée par le cas du zoonyme seps-seps. Académie Royale de Belgique, Bruxelles, 368 pp.
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Herrmann,H. W.; Joger,U. & Nilson,G. 1992. Phylogeny and systematics of viperine snakes. III.: Resurrection of the genus Macrovipera (REUSS, 1927) as suggested by biochemical evidence. Amphibia-Reptilia 13: 375-392 - get paper here
  • Kamelin, Eugeny R., Yuri A. Lukin, and Konstantin D. Milto 1997. Hybridization of Vipera schweizeri (Werner, 1935) and Vipera lebetina obtusa, Dvigubsky 1832. Russ. J. Herpetol. 4(1):75-78 - get paper here
  • Kreiner, Guido 2014. Die Milosotter, Macrovipera schweizeri, ein Endemit der Kykladen. Elaphe-Terraria 2014 (3): 30-36 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel 2012. 100 Jahre Herpetologia Europaea. Terraria Elaphe 2012 (3): 107-111 - get paper here
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 1996. Saving the Milos viper. Reptiles 4 (9): 92-101
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Nilson, Göran; Claes Andrén , Yiannis Ioannidis, Maria Dimaki 1999. Ecology and conservation of the Milos viper, Macrovipera schweizeri (Werner, 1935). Amphibia-Reptilia 20 (4): 355-375 - get paper here
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Schlüter, U. 2009. Die Schlangenfauna Europas. Draco 10 (39): 4-21 - get paper here
  • Schweiger, M. 1981. Auf der Suche nach Milos-Levanteottern (Vipera lebetina schweizeri) und die Haltung dieser im Terrarium. Herpetofauna 3 (10): 10-11 - get paper here
  • Schweiger, M. 2009. Die Giftschlangen Europas. Eine Übersicht der Arten und Bemerkungen zu einzelnen Taxa. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (76): 14-25 - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Werner,F. 1935. Reptilien der Ägäischen Inseln. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 144: 81-117 - get paper here
 
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