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Madagascarophis colubrinus (SCHLEGEL, 1837)

IUCN Red List - Madagascarophis colubrinus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Pseudoxyrhophiinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesMadagascarophis colubrinus citrinus (BOETTGER 1878)
Madagascarophis colubrinus colubrinus (SCHLEGEL 1837)
Madagascarophis colubrinus occidentalis DOMERGUE 1987
Madagascarophis colubrinus pastoriensis DOMERGUE 1987
Madagascarophis colubrinus septentrionalis DOMERGUE 1987 
Common Names 
SynonymMadagascarophis colubrinus colubrinus (SCHLEGEL 1837)
Dipsas colubrina SCHLEGEL 1837: 273
Dipsas Colubrina — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1146
Eteirodipsas colubrina — BOULENGER 1896: 39
Eteirodipsas colubrina — BARBOUR 1918: 487
Madagascarophis colubrinus colubrinus — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 329
Madagascarophis colubrinus — NAGY et al. 2007
Madagascarophis cf. colubrinus — D’CRUZE et al. 2009
Madagascarophis colubrinus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 421

Madagascarophis colubrinus citrinus (BOETTGER 1878)
Eteirodipsas colubrina var. citrina BOETTGER 1878: 56
Madagascarophis colubrinus insularis DOMERGUE 1987
Madagascarophis citrinus — DOMERGUE 1987
Madagascarophis citrinus — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 329
Madagascarophis colubrinus insularis — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 329
Madagascarophis colubrinus citrinus — GLAW et al. 2013

Madagascarophis colubrinus occidentalis DOMERGUE 1987
Madagascarophis colubrinus occidentalis DOMERGUE 1987
Madagascarophis colubrinus occidentalis — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 329

Madagascarophis colubrinus pastoriensis DOMERGUE 1987
Madagascarophis colubrinus pastoriensis DOMERGUE 1987
Madagascarophis colubrinus pastoriensis — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 329

Madagascarophis colubrinus septentrionalis DOMERGUE 1987
Madagascarophis colubrinus septentrionalis DOMERGUE 1987
Madagascarophis colubrinus septentrionalis — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 329
Madagascarophis colubrinus septentrionalis — GLAW et al. 2013 
DistributionMadagascar, Nossi Be = Nosy Bé, Nosy Komba

citrinus: Madagascar, Nossi Be = Nosy Bé, Nosy Tanikely;

Type locality: "Madagascar." Restricted to environs of Tamatave (Toamasina), Madagascar by Brygoo, 1983: 37 or Domergue, 1987: 460.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: MNHN 3891, a 610-985 mm male (J.P. Goudot). designated by Domergue, 1987: 460.
Lectotype: SMF 19594 ( =Kat Boettger 9039b ), Nosy Be, leg. C. EBENAU [citrinus]
Holotype: MNHN [occidentalis]
Holotype: MNHN [pastoriensis]
Holotype: MNHN [septentrionalis] 
Diagnosis 
Comment(Mildly ?) venomous (Domergue 1962). Envenomation may cause acute localized effects, which includes pain, swelling, blistering, and tissue necrosis (Domergue, 1989).

Synonymy: M. citrinus has been synonymized with M. colubrinus based on DNA sequence data (NAGY et al. 2007).

Type species: Dipsas colubrina SCHLEGEL 1837 is the type species of the genus Madagascarophis MERTENS 1952.

Habitat: canyon forests and surrounding relict forests 
Etymology 
References
  • Andersson, Lars Gabriel 1910. Reptiles and batrachians from the north-west of Madagascar collected by V. Kaudern, 1906-1907. Arkiv för Zoologi 7 (7): 1-15.
  • ANDREONE F., F. GLAW, R. A. NUSSBAUM, C. J. RAXWORTHY, M. VENCES, and J. E. RANDRIANIRINA 2003. The amphibians and reptiles of Nosy Be (NW Madagascar) and nearby islands: a case study of diversity and conservation of an insular fauna. Journal of Natural History 37 (17): 2119–2149
  • Barbour, Thomas 1918. Vertebrata from Madagascar. 2. Amphibia and Reptilia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 61 (14): 479-489. - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1878. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Madagascar. I. Studien über Reptilien aus Madagascar. II. Aufzählung der bis jetzt von Madagascar bekannt gewordenen Reptilien und Amphibien. III. Bemerkungen über die verwandtschaftlichen und geographischen Beziehunge Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 11: 1-56 [1877] - get paper here
  • BORA, PARFAIT; J. CHRISTIAN RANDRIANANTOANDRO, ROMA RANDRIANAVELONA, ELISOA F. HANTALALAINA, RAPHALI R. ANDRIANTSIMANARILAFY, DANIEL RAKOTONDRAVONY, OLGA R. RAMILIJAONA, MIGUEL VENCES, RICHARD K. B. JENKINS, FRANK GLAW, AND JÖRN KÖHLER 2009. AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF THE TSINGY DE BEMARAHA PLATEAU, WESTERN MADAGASCAR: CHECKLIST, BIOGEOGRAPHY AND CONSERVATION. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):111-125.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Annette Olsonn, David Henson, Sunil Kumar, and David Emmett. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of the Lower Onilahy River Valley, a Temporary Protected Area in Southwest Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 4: 62-79 - get paper here
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Jeremy Sabel, Katie Green, Jeffrey Dawson, Carlie Gardner, Janine Robinson, Georgina Starkie, Miguel Vences, and Frank Glaw. 2007. The First Comprehensive Survey of Amphibians and Reptiles at Montagne des Francais, Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 2 (2): 87-99 - get paper here
  • Domergue C A 1987. Notes sur les serpents de la region malgache. 7. Revision du genre Madagascarophis Mertens 1952. Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. nat., Paris 9 (2) : 455-489
  • DOMERGUE C.A. 1962. Un serpent venimeux de Madagascar: Madagascarophis colubrina. Bull. Acad. Malgache 40: 97-8
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • GLAW, FRANK; CHRISTOPH KUCHARZEWSKI, JÖRN KÖHLER, MIGUEL VENCES, ZOLTÁN T. NAGY 2013. Resolving an enigma by integrative taxonomy: Madagascarophis fuchsi (Serpentes: Lamprophiidae), a new opisthoglyphous and microendemic snake from northern Madagascar. Zootaxa 3630 (2): 317–332 - get paper here
  • Guibé, J. & Roux-Estève, R. 1972. Les types de Schlegel (Ophidiens) présents dans les collections du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Zoologische Mededelingen 47: 129-134 - get paper here
  • Hyde Roberts, S. & C. Daly 2014. A rapid herpetofaunal assessment of Nosy Komba Island, northwestern Madagascar, with new locality records for seventeen species. Salamandra 50 (1): 18-26 - get paper here
  • Labanowski, Robert J. and Andrew J. Lowin 2011. A reptile survey in a dry deciduous forest fragment in northern Madagascar showing new records for the little-known snake Pararhadinaea melanogaster and a range extension for the skink Amphiglossus tanysoma. Herpetology Notes 4: 113-121 - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N. 2004. Masoala - Das Auge des Waldes. [Madagascar]. Draco 5 (19): 30-36 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1952. Nomenklatorisches über die Schlangengattung Eteirodipsas. Senckenbergiana 32(5–6): 307–308
  • Nagy, Zoltán Tamás; Frank Glaw, Franco Andreone, Michael Wink and Miguel Vences 2007. Species boundaries in Malagasy snakes of the genus Madagascarophis (Serpentes: Colubridae sensu lato) assessed by nuclear and mitochondrial markers. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 7 (3): 241-251 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
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  • Rakotoarison, Andolalao; Jesse Erens, Fanomezana M. Ratsoavina, Miguel Vences 2015. Amphibian and reptile records from around the Betsiboka delta area in North-Western Madagascar Herpetology Notes 8: 535-543 - get paper here
  • Ruane, Sara; Frank T. Burbrink, Bernard Randriamahatantsoa, and Christopher J. Raxworthy 2016. The Cat-eyed Snakes of Madagascar: Phylogeny and Description of a New Species of Madagascarophis (Serpentes: Lamprophiidae) from the Tsingy of Ankarana. Copeia: September 2016, Vol. 104, No. 3, pp. 712-721 - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Descriptive. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum), 606 S. + xvi - get paper here
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  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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