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Magliophis exiguum (COPE, 1863)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Alsophiini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesMagliophis exiguum exiguum (COPE 1863)
Magliophis exiguum subspadix SCHWARTZ 1967 
Common NamesE: Ground Snake
Spanish: Culebrita de jardín 
SynonymDromicus exiguus COPE 1863: 79
Dromicus exiguus — GARMAN 1887: 282
Dromicus exiguus — BOULENGER 1894: 126
Arrhyton exiguus — MAGLIO 1970
Arrhyton exiguum — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 585
Arrhyton exiguum — CROTHER 1999
Magliophis exiguus — ZAHER et al. 2009
Magliophis exiguum — HEDGES et al. 2009
Magliophis exiguum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 423

Magliophis exiguum exiguum (COPE 1863)
Arrhyton exiguum exiguum — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 586
Magliophis exiguum exiguum — HEDGES et al. 2009

Magliophis exiguus subspadix SCHWARTZ 1967
Arrhyton exiguum subspadix — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 586
Magliophis exiguus subspadix — HEDGES et al. 2009 
DistributionPuerto Rico Bank; US and British Virgin Islands.

exiguum: U.S. and British Virgin Is.: Isla Culebra, St. Thomas, Hassel Isl., Tortola, Peter Isl., Virgin Gorda, Anegada [HR 30: 112]. Type locality: St. Thomas and St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands; restricted to St. Thomas by Schwartz, 1967d.

subspadix: southwestern Puerto Rico, from the vicinity of Parguera east to Playa de Arroyo. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesSyntypes: Unlocated.
Holotype: MCZ 81121 [subspadix] 
CommentFor illustrations see Stejneger, 1904; Schmidt, 1928; Schwartz, 1967; Philibosian and Yntema, 1977; Rivero, 1978; MacLean, 1982.

Arrhyton exiguus stahli has been elevated to full species status.

Type species: Dromicus exiguus COPE 1863 is the type species of the genus Magliophis ZAHER et al. 2009. 
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. Blair; Arnaud Couloux; Vidal, Nicolas 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of West Indian racer snakes of the Tribe Alsophiini (Squamata, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 2067: 1-28 - get paper here
  • MacLean, W.P. 1982. Reptiles and amphibians of the Virgin Islands. MacMillan Caribbean, London: vii + 54 pp.
  • Maglio, Vincent J. 1970. West Indian Xenodontine colubrid snakes: Their probable origin, phylogeny, and zoogeography. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 141 (1): 1-54 - get paper here
  • Philibosian, R. and Yntema, J.A. 1977. Annotated checklist of the birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians of the Virgin Islands & Puerto Rico. Information Services, Frederiksted, St. Croix, 48 pp.
  • Rios-López, N. & Aide, T.M. 2007. Herpetofaunal dynomics during secondary succession. Herpetologica 63 (1): 35-50 - get paper here
  • Rivero, J.A. 1978. Los anfibios y reptiles de Puerto Rico. M. Pareja Montana, 16, Barcelona, Espafia: x + 152 + 148pp.
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1928. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands: Amphibians and land reptiles of Porto Rico, with a list of those reported from the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences 10 (1):160 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. 1967. A review of the genus Dromicus in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Stahlia 9: 1-14
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1904. The herpetology of Porto Rico. Rept. United States Natl. Mus. 1902: 549-724.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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